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Canada's Regions

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Lucas Grant

on 29 September 2012

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Transcript of Canada's Regions

The Arctic The main resources are Oil and Gas. The others are Forestry and Fishing. They do have some minerals such as Diamonds, Coal, and Copper. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arctic Natural Resources. Geography. The Arctic was form after tens of thousands of years of ice building up in the coldest point in Canada. http://www.grida.no/graphicslib/detail/arctic-topography-and-bathymetry_9bc9 The Economy. Settlement. http://www.grida.no/graphicslib/detail/economy-of-the-arctic-by-sector_bf9c The economy is mostly reliant on the natural resources like mining, but it is also based on the hunting and fishing. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/33100/Arctic/57867/History-of-settlement The settlement pattern for the Arctic is based off of the original settlers that were specialized hunters of the woolly mammoth and the woolly rhinos. The reason that the people settled were they did was because there was fertile ground and a sustainable water source. The Cordillera The Economy. Settlement. Natural Resources. Geography. The 3 mountain ranges were created by volcanic and seismic activity 12,000 years after the Ice age. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/physiographic-regions Forestry, mining and fishing are the resources that they have at hand. The ore that the have are: Iron, Molybdenum, Titanium and Uranium. http://apps1.gdr.nrcan.gc.ca/gsc_minerals/index.phtml?language=en-CA The people that first settled were the Europeans, after of cores the Aboriginal people. They choice to start up near what is now the Fraser Valley area because of the fertile ground near the Fraser River. Textbook page 23 The economy is mostly based off of the resources that they have at their disposal. The Interior Planes Natural Resources. Geography. Settlement. The Economy. They have Gas, Oil, and potash as natural resources. Some of the people found that the animals could graze on the grass and were able to keep them together as a herd. The land is wide, and very flat. It was created when the rivers from the Canadian Shield carried down dirt and settlement that were deposited on its banks. The reason that the people settled in The Interior Planes, was because of the rich soil, and the grass that they could raise animals on. The economy is mostly based of of the flat, fertile ground that they can set up farms on and have cattle farms to go with it. Canadian Shield Natural Resources. The Economy. Geography. Settlement. The Canadian Shield makes up almost half of all of Canada. It is made up of hard, rigid rock surrounded by younger continental landforms. It reaches from The Arctic all the way to the USA. It was once a large volcanic mountain range. It is made up of flat bare rock, lakes, and wetlands. The soil is unfit for agriculture, so most of the region is thinly populated. The main source of income for the region is the Hydro Electric power. Mining is up next giving out many different kinds of minerals. The Natural Resources are: Mining, and Hydro electric power because of all lakes and rivers. The minerals are: Copper, Gold, Lead, Diamonds, Platinum, and Nickle. All of these minerals make it one of the richest places in all of the world for mining. The settlement patterns are because of the minerals in the area. Like the small town of Timmins in Ontario. The town was almost built around the mine itself. The Appalachian Natural Resources. Settlement. Geography. The Economy. The Appalachian starts at the southeastern end of the USA and ends at the Maritime provinces of Canada. It has rolling hills, valleys, small mountains, highlands, and coastal fjords. The natural resources are: Gypsum, Iron, and Zinc. There is also forestry and quite the large fishing industry. The Economy is based off of fishing mostly. There is some mining done, but not as much as in a place like the Shield. There is forestry because of the water being right there. The reason that the towns are were they are along the coast line id just because of that. The water being right there made it easy to start farms, and the trees got lots of water. The Great Lakes &St. Lawrence Lowlands Settlement. Geography. Natural Resources. The Economy. The St. Lawrence Lowlands is between Lake Huron, Erie, and Ontario. It was created mainly from the retreating ice sheets that covered most of Canada from The Ice Age. The ice move soil from the Shield to what is now The Lowlands. As the ice melted, it created huge lakes that were much much larger that the Great Lakes now. With the land being so fertile from the old lakes, it was great for setting up farms. The farms are: Apples, Peaches, Pears, and Cherries. There is also quite large vineyards and wineries around. Even though it is the smallest region in all of Canada, it have half of its population. The St. Lawrence River has become a very good way to transport out the raw materials. Thanks to that, the industry's have thrived. The rich and fertile ground was the reason for the Huron people to settle here. When the Europeans came, they saw the same potential in the ground and set up orchard to go with the farms. Textbook Page 21 Textbook Page 18 Textbook Page 22 Textbook Page 19
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