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School Health/NHES/Coordinated School Health

February 4th, 2016
by

Kim Hartzler-Weakley

on 26 January 2016

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Transcript of School Health/NHES/Coordinated School Health

School Influences

School Health

Coordinated School Health Programs

National Health Education Standards

Standard 7: Students will demonstrate the ability to practice health-enhancing behaviors and avoid or reduce health risks.

Standard 8: Students will demonstrate the ability to advocate for personal, family, and community health
Standard 4: Students will demonstrate the ability to use interpersonal communication skills to enhance health and avoid or reduce health risks.

Standard 5: Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skills to enhance health.
Standard 6: Students will demonstrate the ability to use goal-setting skills to enhance health.

The National Health Education Standards (NHES) were developed to establish, promote and support health-enhancing behaviors for students in all grade levels—from pre-Kindergarten through grade 12.

The NHES provide a framework for teachers, administrators, and policy makers in designing or selecting curricula, allocating instructional resources, and assessing student achievement and progress. Importantly, the standards provide students, families and communities with concrete expectations for health education.
What is the link between student health and academic achievement?
How do policies, such as No Child Left Behind and the Elementary and Secondary Education Act impact child and adolescent health?
Standard 1: Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention to enhance health.

Standard 2: Students will analyze the influence of family, peers, culture, media, technology, and other factors on health behaviors.

Standard 3: Students will demonstrate the ability to access valid information and products and services to enhance health.
NHES:
Improved attendance

Better grades

Higher graduation rates

Increased standardized test scores

Lower dropout rates

Fewer behavioral problems at school

More participation in school activities

Higher aspirations for post secondary education
Students who engage in positive
health behaviors have:
The Fragmented Approach to School and Community Programs
"Health and success in school are interrelated. Schools cannot achieve their primary mission of education if students and staff are not healthy and fit physically, mentally, and socially.”

Fit, Healthy, and Ready to Learn: Part 1 – Physical Activity, Healthy Eating, and Tobacco Use Prevention, 2000
The Link Between Health And Learning
Identify key policymakers and ways in which they influence education practice in the US.
The effectiveness of school health education is enhanced when it is implemented as part of a larger school health program and when health education outcomes are reinforced by the other components.

The NHES can be used to support the effective implementation of health education as one of the eight components of a CSHP.

They are carefully designed to support schools, educators, families, and other stakeholders in helping students meet the primary goal of health education: for students to adopt and maintain healthy behaviors.
Health Education as a Component of Coordinated School Health Programs

Keep kids healthy over time;

Support students’ capacity to learn;

Impart skills, knowledge and judgment to help students make healthy choices for life;

Reinforce positive behaviors throughout the day;

Involve parents;
What are the Goals of a CSHP?
Teachers who participated in a health promotion program focusing on exercise, stress management, and nutrition reported:

Increased participation in exercise and lower weight

Better ability to handle job stress

A higher level of general well-being

Blair, Collingwood, Reynolds, Smith, Hagan, and Sterling, 1984
School Site Health Promotion for Staff
The physical, emotional, and social climate of the school

Designed to provide a safe physical place, as well as a healthy and supportive environment that fosters learning

Health is Academic, 1998
Healthy School Environment
Children who participated in a social service intervention aimed at promoting student success by improving parent-child and parent-teacher communication resulted in improved academic performance

Bowen, 1999
Counseling, Psychological and Social Services
Food-insufficient children (ages 6 to 11) are more likely to:
receive lower math scores
repeat a grade
visit a psychologist
have difficulty getting along with other children

Alaimo, Olson, and Frongillo, 2001
Nutrition Services
Designed to promote the health of students, identify and prevent health problems and injuries, and ensure care for students

Includes preventive services, education, emergency care, referral and management of acute and chronic health conditions
Health is Academic, 1998
School Health Services
Students who participated in school physical education programs did not experience a harmful effect on their standardized test scores, though less time was available for other academic subjects


Sallis, McKenzie, Kolody, Lewis, Marshall, and Rosengard, 1999
Shephard, 1996
Dwyer, Coonan, Leitch, Hetzel, and Baghurst, 1983
Physical Education
Students who participate in health education classes that use effective curricula:

Increase their health knowledge and improve their health skills and behaviors
Connell, Turner, and Mason,

Decrease risky behaviors relative to the program
Botvin, Griffin, Diaz, Ifill-Williams, 2001
Dent, Sussman, Stacy, Craig, Burton, and Flay, 1995
Comprehensive School Health Education

The implementation of an integrated approach which promotes the betterment of academic performance by supporting good nutrition and physical activity as part of a total learning environment.

Accomplished with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Coordinated School Health Program
The Vision of Healthy Schools
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC)
27% of children age 5-10 have 1 or more heart disease risk factors
1 in 3 children born in the year 2000 will develop Type II Diabetes (based on current trends)
Academic performance is compromised by poor health.
Physical Inactivity and Poor Diet contribute to risk factors for heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and cancer.
“Schools have more influence on the lives of young people than any other social institution except the family and provide a setting in which friendship networks develop, socialization occurs, and norms that govern behavior are developed and reinforced.”


Healthy People 2010, U.S. Department
Students whose parents are involved in their education show:
Significantly greater achievement gains in reading and math than students with uninvolved parents
Better attendance
More consistently completed homework

Henderson, 1987; Shaver and Walls, 1998
Family and Community Involvement
Physical
Education
Comprehensive
School
Health
Education
School
Health
Services
Nutrition
Services
Counseling,
Psychological &
Social Services
Healthy
School
Environment
School-site
Health
Promotion for
Staff
Family &
Community
Involvement

An integrated framework for delivering coordinated and consistent messages to kids in our schools and communities
What is a Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP)?
National Health Education Standards- 2007
It is difficult
for students to be successful in school if they are:
Depressed
Tired
Being bullied
Stressed
Sick
Using alcohol or other drugs
Hungry
Abused
School Health

Coordinated School Health Programs

National Health Education Standards
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