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War and Warfare in the Middle Ages (1066 - 1485)

protection, service in the military, famous battles, armor, consequences of battles
by

Katie Scott

on 14 September 2012

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Transcript of War and Warfare in the Middle Ages (1066 - 1485)

War and Warfare Cody Myers
Clayton Riggs
Katie Scott Service in the Military Growing Up Child- raised at home until age 7
Page- leaves at age 7 to train with knights and other pages - performs household chores and runs errands
- practices behavior and horsemanship
- hunting used as "fun" training Squire- page becomes squire at age 14 and trains under one knight - learns swordsmanship and strength
- horsemanship
- after many drills, allowed to skirmish
- older squires accompany knights to battle Knighthood- position available at age 21 King Barons Knights Serfs and Freemen Knighthood is an earned position that is still below the rank of nobility. Service in the Military Knights in the Feudal System Military service could be used as a means to advance class rank - something that had not been possible before the feudal system. Knights received land from the barons in exchange for their services. In turn, knights would allot land to serfs in exchange for service. Service in the Military Code of Chivalry always defend a lady
speak only the truth
be loyal to your lord
be devoted to the church
be charitable and protect the helpless
be brave when on a quest, only remove armor while sleeping
never avoid dangerous paths out of fear
be punctual
fight only one-on-one against an opponent
basically... be honorable An oath of fealty was sworn to a knight's lord to create a lasting bond between the two. Service in the Military Orders of Knights Knights Hospitallers (Knights of St. John) founded to care for the sick Knights Templar military monks providing protection for travelers during the Crusades eventually accused of heresy and wiped out Order of the Garter elite group of knights established by King Edward III Service in the Military Miscellaneous Heraldry:
A system of badges used to identify a family, country, or lord. Knightly Hobbies: The Hunt
Falconry
Jousting
Chess Jousting: tournaments and melees were fun spectator sports, but knights were frequently injured or even killed participants would try to break the blunted wooden lance or knock his opponent of his horse Armor and Protection Before Medieval Bronze and Iron
Leather and Mail Chain Mail Plate Mail and Dominant through most of medieval period Breast plate
Vambraces
Greaves
Various other parts for shoulders, elbows, and knees Medieval period begins last surviving Crusader knights Armor and Protection Types of Armor 3 Types of Armor: field armor
ceremonial armor
jousting armor Plate Mail Suits of Armor traditional idea of what knights wear Armor and Protection Weapons Important Weapons Common Weapons Siege weapons
Cross bows
Welsh long bows Battle Ax
Mace
Warhammer
Sword Armor and Protection Siege Weapons Battering ram
Catapult
Trebuchet
Ballista
Siege towers (belfry)
Ladders Outside Inside Arrow slits
Murder holes
Boiling oil
Defending the gate
Sally port Armor and Protection Castles Structure Wood and stone
Strange shapes
Strategic points
Prime locations
Small passages
Thick walls Defense Draw bridges
Moats
Towers
Baileys
Dungeon
Murder holes Siege Strategy Surround and starve
Scale the walls
Ram the doors
Bring down the walls
Poison Wells Battles and Consequences Six Major Campaigns 1. Norman Invasion 3. Wars of the Roses 4. Hundred-Years War 2. War for Scottish Independence 6. The Crusades 5. Baron's Revolt war of succession war of succession war of succession Normans take throne of England House Tudor takes throne strengthens position of king over nobles Englishmen ousted from France and renounce any claim to French throne war of independence Scotland ousts English lords and crowns new king series of Holy wars strengthens position of the nobles Battles and Consequences Major Campaigns Battle of Hastings - Normans
Battle of Crecy - English
Battle of Poitiers - English
Battle of Agincourt - English
Battle of Orleans - French
Battle of Falkirk - English
Battle of Stirling Bridge - Scottish
Battle of Arsuf - English Battles and Consequences Battle Tactics While archers would rain arrows down on the enemy from afar, Cavalry and infantry would act as the hammer and anvil, with the lines of foot-soldiers holding the enemy in one place for the Knights to crash against from behind. It was then a fight of who could hold the longest. If your men break and ran, then they were hunted down. Battle of Crecy Harald Hardrada - Vikings
Harold II - Anglo-Saxons
William the Conqueror - Normans
Henry Tudor - Tudor forces
Edward I - Englishmen
Edward the Black Prince - Englishmen
Edward III - Englishmen
Jeanne d'Arc - French
William Wallace - Scotsmen
Richard the Lionhearted- Englishmen, Crusaders
Salah ad-Din - Saracens (Egyptians) Battles and Consequences Major Generals in Conflicts William the Conqueror Only nobility could become knights. Crenellations never actually escalates to war England participated in the third, ninth, and eleventh crusades
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