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Animal Poaching

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Tajriyan Tapader

on 3 May 2013

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Transcript of Animal Poaching

FUR REAL By: Tajriyan, Diane, Linda, Bilal, John What is Animal Poaching? Reasons for Poaching Where Is The Issue Most
Prevalent? What Are Some Possible
Solutions? How Did The Issue
Get Started? What is Animal Poaching?
(Con't) Poaching happens all over the world but poachers are active throughout the African continent, although some areas are much harder hit than others. Poaching frequently occurs by those desperate for an income in developing countries and in areas that are economically poor. Poaching is illegal in most countries but in third world countries like Africa and India, there are no laws against it, which increases the chances of poaching. Unfortunately, when developing countries do not have the ability or resources to enforce anti- poaching laws with guards and law enforcement officials, criminals find enormous profits in the process. In those of developed countries, even though an animal is protected and laws have been passed to make hunting and killing wildlife illegal, the animal is still hunted and killed. Poaching happens all around the world and in almost all countries regardless of their economic development. This cruel act has become more popular and more animals become endangered, or even extinct. Coaching You About Poaching Poaching usually leads to the selling of the animal killed. Whether it be its skin, bones, body parts, poachers will sell whatever is that of value. This underground sale of these protected animals has proliferated in places like China where folk medicine uses these animal parts as part of exotic cures for various ailments. Poaching, many times, is viewed as not being a very serious crime and where it is, it is extremely hard to enforce. Due to the widespread poverty in Africa where most poaching occurs, corruption is rife and enforcement is lax. Poaching is very difficult to stop, and track, if poachers know what they are doing and organize, as they often do. The main reason for poaching is money. Poachers will usually try to sell the carcass, bone, tusk, and horn etc. to Black Markets where they can get good money for it. Ivory and fur are the most commonly wanted items and they can cost up to thousands of dollars. Another reason animals are poached is religion. There are some religions that believe certain animals to be pests, so they hunt them to “keep their land clean”.Some religions also protect certain animals from being hunted because they believe that the animals are sacred. Poaching is the illegal hunting, killing or capturing of animals. This can occur in a variety of ways. Poaching can refer to the failure to comply with regulations for legal harvest, resulting in the illegal taking of wildlife that would otherwise be allowable. Examples include: Taking without a license or permit, use of a prohibited weapon or trap, taking outside of the designated time of day or year, and taking of a prohibited sex or life stage. Poaching can also refer to the taking of animals from a wildlife sanctuary, such as a national park, game reserve, or zoo. Poaching Methods
Snare Wires: Poachers use cable wires of different lengths in order to trap animals, which essentially become a minefield for wildlife. When animals walk through the snare, they become tangled in the wire which then tightens as the animal struggles to free itself. Poaching Laws Despite laws protecting animals in most countries, the illegal act of shooting and trapping for the use of animal poaching continues to be a threat. Even though an animal is protected and laws have been passed to make hunting and the killing of animals illegal, the animal is still hunted and killed. It’s one thing to ban or limit trade in a particular species, but another to effectively enforce this, especially in developing countries where training and funds for enforcement are often lacking. Many countries also still lack strict national legislation and/or appropriate penalties for illegal wildlife trade. Consequently, lack of enforcement and public awareness are particularly problematic when it comes to illegal trade. Therefore, in order to eliminate this practice, governments must protect threatened animal populations by increasing law enforcement, imposing strict deterrents, reducing the collective demand for endangered species products. Tranquillizer Guns: Tranquilliser guns shoot darts filled with tranquillisers that, when injected, temporarily sedates an animal so that it may be captured safely. How fast it works, and how long the animal would stay unconscious would depend on the drug used in the dart as the gun is only a device of managing an injection of a drug from a safe distance. Conventional Traps: On land, foothold traps are set on the ground, which then snaps closed on the animal's foot when it steps on the trap. Cable chains work like a wire snare, as it usually closes in on the animal's neck. Body grip traps snaps close when an animal tries to pass through the trap.
Pitfalls: Pits are dug to trap large animals such as elephants, buffaloes and zebras. The pits are dug across the path of the animals and are normally covered with grass and trees to disguise them. •More park rangers patrolling protected areas so it’s harder for poachers to kill the animals and harder for them to remain unnoticed

•Stop the demand for poached goods by outlawing certain products

• Increasing public awareness as to how these products are acquired and that poachers are profiting from the murder of majestic creatures (ivory, turtle shells, pelts and furs) so people would buy less products that use fur etc.

•Relocate animals when they reach their carrying capacity in their environment because if you don’t then they do not breed

•Poison animal horns so poachers can’t sell them for medicine because many people in Asia believe that powdered rhino horn can cure anything from headaches to fevers What Are Some Possible
Solutions? (Con't) •Create more wildlife sanctions so more animals can inhabit it and be protected

•Increase the penalty for poaching animals in various countries so people are less motivated to poach

•Promote cross-border cooperation so poachers have a harder time crossing the border with their poached goods

•Dehorn animals with horns so poachers can’t have it, causing the poachers to be less motivated to kill animals such as rhinos however it affects the rhino as it cannot defend its territory from other rhinos, and cannot express other naturbehaviorsurs

•Michrochipping rhino horn and body, and have DNA samples taken in the hope that this will enable samples found on the black market to be traced to their origin Animals Most Affected By Poaching: Our ancestors have hunted animals for over 400,000 years.

Some animals have religious value and were used as totems and in witchcraft.

Animals were also believed to be a source of local herbs and have medicinal value.

Hunting continues for other reasons nowadays. Illegal poaching is a global issue that has affected animals and has led to the endangerment of many species. Live animals are captured in native habitats and sold for pets or research purposes, or are killed to have their parts sold for medicines, food, clothing and accessories. - African Elephant

- Tiger

- African Lion - Cheetah

- Sea Turtle

- Wolf - Rhinoceros Animal Poaching Facts & Statistics - At the beginning of the 20th century there were a few million African elephants and approximately 100,000 Asian elephants. Today, there are about 450,000-700,000 African elephants and 35,000-40,000 Asian elephants.

- In 2011, there were 13 large-scale seizures of ivory and over 23 tons of ivory confiscated as this is equivalent to at least 2,500 elephants.

- In 2012, 668 rhinos were poached in South Africa. In the beginning of 2013, these animals were being poached at a rate of 2 per day.

- 100 million wild animals are poached everyday and at least 27, ooo species are lost every year.

- At the present rates of extinction, as many as 20% of the world's 7-15 million species could be gone in the next 30 years. This rate of extinction has been unprecedented since the disappearance of dinosaurs 65 million years ago .

- Every 20 minutes, the world adds another 3,500 human lives but loses one or more entire species of animal or plant life - at least 27,000 species per year. History of Poaching Snare Wire Tranquillizer Gun
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