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PE & SCHOOL SPORT

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Robert Fretwell

on 7 December 2016

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Transcript of PE & SCHOOL SPORT

A2 Comparative Studies
PE & SCHOOL SPORT
To demonstrate knowledge, understanding of health, fitness and obesity levels amongst young people in the USA & U.K.
Learning Objectives
To identify strategies to promote Physical Education in schools in the USA & the U.K.
learning objectives
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
To understand the provsion for Outdoor Education in Australia & the U.K (C)
Learning Objectives
To understand attitudes towards PE in schools in the USA & U.K, including testing and measuring & Strategies to promote the subject
FITNESS LEVELS IN BOTH
THE U.K & USA

Health, fitness and obesity levels in developed countries are a cause for major concern. Especially in America
15% of American children aged between 6-19 are regarded as clinically obese (Zametkin, 2006)
In the USA, over 40 million people are considered obese.
In the total population, 75% of americans are not reaching basic activity recommendations.
25% of this category are completely sedentary
fitness levels in both the u.k & USA
Shares similarities with the USA. It is alleged that in the U.K fitness levels are at an all time low.
Of all adults in the U.K, 38% are considered overweight, while almost 25% have been diagnosed as obese.
Statistics also indicate that almost 20% of children under 16 years old in the U.K are obese (Department of Health).
It would appear that the sedentary lifestyle adopted by the urban population in America during the 1950's is now evident in the U.K
PHYSICAL EDUCATION IN THE USA
Physical Education is facing a crisis in the USA.
Up to the mid 1970's, PE was considered compulsory for all ages. However, this is not the case in the 21st Century
This is in contrast to the U.K where a national curriculum ensures that compulsory PE is in place for all children up to the ages of 16.
Participation in PE for all American students was approximately 70% in the 1980's but fell below 60% in the twenty first century.
The recommendation by the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) states that Physical Education in costly to run and is an expensive subject in the USA.
They claim the subject is unpopular with students
PHYSICAL EDUCATION IN THE USA
'No child left behind" Act 2001 major culprit of the diminishing PE curriculum
High school sport considered to have a higher status than PE.
Limited/no exams at school level.
There is a heavy emphasis on fitness and direct skill learning, all of which are assessed practically.
CRISIS CURRICULUM
Teachers are held accountable and control lies with the school board and the district superintendent.
Physical education in the usa
The USA along with the U.K both have a decentralised administrative system, although the U.K is becoming more centralised (the role of youth sport trust)
Schools in the USA, as in the U.K are state funded. Although schools in the U.K may need or seek additional funding.
Schools in the USA are inspected by the schools superintendent, in contrast to the U.K which inspected by Ofsted.
BLUE RIBBON SCHOOLS
Blue Ribbon Sports schools programme is a government programme designed to honor high levels of achievement in disadvantaged schools.
In the U.K, this is the same as specialist sports colleges, beacon schools, independent schools that focus on sports.
Physical Education
in the u.k
In the U.K control of school sport/funding is autonomous.
In contrast with the USA, which is very much controlled by the school board.
KEY TERMS
SCHOOL BOARD- IN THE USA, THIS IS THE AUTHORITY
THAT CONTROLS THE SCHOOL.
Widespread examinations in PE in the U.K.
LETS MAKE SOME
COMPARISONS
USA
U.K
HOMEWORK
Research strategies to promote Physical Education in the USA. In particular Title IX!!! Use other resources such as the internet to conduct your research!!.
quiz
1) The 3 ethics applied to American Physical recreation & Sport are?
2) The two ideas related to control of American Society are known as?
3) The approach to which settlers faced up to hardship in Australia, was known as?
4) The situation were different cultures blend together to form a unified culture in Australia, was known as?
Hegmonic & Pluralistic Groups
Bush Culture
Social Melting pot
Lombardian- Win at all costs
Radical Ethic- Winning and taking part equally important
Counter-Culture Ethic- Taking part more important than winning
To make comparisons between initiatives to promote PE in both the U.K and the USA.
Strategies to promote pe in the usa
Strategies are being put in place to reverse the declining trend of timetabled PE in schools in America.
80% of one million students in grades
5,7 and 9 failed to achieve the
minimum requirement on the fitnessgram assessment
(NASPE) national association for sport & exercise
NASPE believe that improving the timetabling of Physical Education will improve the number of people leading healthy active lifestyles.
PHYSICAL EDUCATION FOR PROGRESS
$60 Million has been invested into a programme entilted Physical Education for progress (PEP)
the physical education for
progress (pep)
The PEP programme aims to imporve the quality and quantitiy of PE Kindergarten through to grade 12 (Year 13 in the U.K)
Local schools districts can access grant funds to promote activities, develop the curriculum, purchase equipment and train teachers.
LEGISLATION IN THE USA
TITLE IX
Title IX was passed as law in 1972
Example of legislation by the federal government
It addressed the issue of gender inequality in all areas of education and stated.
'No person in the USA shall on the basis of gender be excluded from any education programme'
Schools can lose funding if they are not compliant with the legislation
TITLE IX
In terms of sport, the law was not primalrity concered with opening traditional sports like wrestling or American Football for female particaption.
Title IX doesnt state how much money should be invested into Women's Sport.
Title IX staes that schools recieving federal funding must provide equal opportunities for women to play sport.
This has led to a rise from 32,000 women to 170,000 women playing varsity sports.
DRAWBACKS of title ix
Title IX has its critics, who claim there are the following disadvantages of the legislation;

Its believed money to support women has been taken from men.
That minority sports like wrestling are being withdrawn from High School and College for political reasons and to allow the "Big Four" to remain.
Title IX is not, however, intended to have a zero-sum outcome.
More pressure on female athletes/greater competiton for male sponsorship.
TITLE IX
It is a federal claim that parity has been created for both men and women in athletic opportunity and qualty of experience.
"There's been real growth in the number of women who participate in sports, receive scholorships and benefit from increase budgets. There are more opportunities to compete at elite levels though competitions like the olympics, World Championships and professional leagues".
ADAPTED PHYSICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMME
The USA has a very active policy of sports provision, particularity in education for disabled people.
Federal law states that PE must be provided for students with special needs and disabilites
This involves activities that have been specially modified to enable particpation.
In order to raise the awareness of disabled sport and quality of experience. Students with with diabilites are integrated into mainstream high school curriculum.
zero-sum

this means the winner takes it all. IT IS AN AMERICAN TERM THAT RELATES TO THE MAINSTREAM COMPETITIVE ETHOS
Strategies to promote pe & school sport in the
uk
The Physical Education School Sport and Club Links strategy (PESSCLS) was a government strategy to promote PE & School sport, launced in 2002.
In 2008, PESSCLS was renamed the PE, School Sport & Young people (PESSYP) strategy.
The Prime minister pledged to invest an extra £100 million in 2007
PESSYP
There are nine interlined strands of the PESSYP these are on page 125
Each strand represents a straegy to promote PE & School Sport in the U.K
the american physical
education for progress (pep)
Ths is not a direct equivalent of PESSYP but is driven by federal government and recieves state funding.
HOMEWORK
Research the 9 strands that form the (PESSYP)
strategy.
Research Kitemarking in the U.K
Find out information on the Healthy Living Schemes
in the U.K and how this compares with the Adaptive PE programme in the USA.
EXAM QUESTION
PESSYP strategy
There are 9 strands to this; what are they;
Sports Colleges
School sports Partnerships (SSPs)
Professional Development
Step Into Sport
Club Links
Gifted & Talented
Sporting Playgrounds
Swimming
High Quality Physical Education & School Sport (PESS)
kitemarking
A strategy desinged to promote participation in physical activities in U.K schools.
Kitemarking for physical education rewards schools who are delivering the PESSYP stratergy to a high standard.
There are three Kitemark awards
1. Activiemark- an award for primary schools
2. Sportsmark- an award for secondary schools.
Sports Partnershipmark- an award for achievement
across the school sport partnership.
Understand fitness, skill and participation rates among young people in Australia.
To make comparisons with Physical Education & School Sport in Australia & the U.K.
AUSTRALIA
Physical Education and School Sport in Australia and how it compares with the UK.
THE STATE OF Victoria
CASE STUDY
The state of Victoria has led the way in the Physical Education and Sport Education Programme (PASE)
This was followed by the federally funded
'Sport Education and Physical Education
Programme' (SEPEP)

PARTICIPATION RATES AMONGST YOUNG PEOPLE
Sports participation and active lifestyles are closely woven into the culture of Victoria State.
The overall priority of the local government is not to focus on producing sporting excellence but to improve the skills of young people and improve lifelong participation.
participation rates amongst young people
Physical Education and Sport are compulsory up until the age of 16 with around 65% of school aged young people participating outside of school hours.
However like the U.K., Australia has "post 16" drop out".
Australia promotes an Egalitarian society which means sport can be played by all e.g. "Sport for all".
participation amongst young
people
Government statistics indicate that the most popular sport for boys is Association Football.
Netball is considered the most favoured by girls.
QUESTION
Why do you think British Sports like Association Football and Netball are adopted in Australian Schools?
When both genders are considered together the most popular sport is swimming with 17% of the total population regularly engaging.
However, unlike the U.K their is no National Curriculum or schools inspection service.
Australian Rules Football is enjoyed by 14% of total male participants, 9% engage in Cricket.
government support
Like the U.K, Australian Sport is a high agenda for both Federal & State Government with good support for School Sport.
An example of this "Go for your life' Scheme which is a initiative to encourage healthy eating and increases the levels of physical activity in young people.
In 2008, the "Go for life games were staged near Melbourne.
The multi-sport event involved more than 6000 participants of all ages and abilities. The motive behind this was too encourage participation.
government support
The Victorian Government has been proactive to promote in both primary and secondary schools to develop participation and lifelong involvement in physical activity.
The government has developed 10 strategies which promote the delivery of sport and Physical Education in Victoria's Schools.
Sport EDUCATION AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMME (SEPEP)
The Sport Education and Physical Education Programme (SEPEP) was made compulsory for pupils up to Year 10 in the state of Victoria.
This is the equivalent to the National Curriculum that operates in the U.K
It was included in Curriculum standards framework (CSF) which comprises eight compulsory core subjects delivered to pupils up to year 10.
The Sport Education and Physical Education Programme (sepep)
Focuses on teaching games and strategies and incorporates both intra and inter school sport.
Intra-school sport involves the copying of the U.K house system.
Although inter-school activities are very well organised, enabling schools to progress to local, regional and national standards.
Like the U.K, this programme encourages participation and inclusiveness.
Sport Education and Physical education Programme
Concerned with teaching basic motor skills which will lead to lifelong participation.
Each component programme of SEPEP requires sessions of 100 minutes per week, pupil engagement is government requirement.
Initial funding provided by the Australian Sports Commission.
SPORT EDUCATION AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMME
Although SEPEP provides a framework for all thought the Australian Physical Education System.
Teachers are free to adapt and create their own programmes to suit the abilities and needs of their pupils, teaching environment and expertise.
The overriding emphasis in Australian schools is enjoyment and maximum participation.
This provides the ethos at Grass roots levels of "More Active Australia"
This promotes fitness, skill and participation.
PHYSICAL AND SPORT EDUCATION (PASE)
The state of Victoria also commits to training of non-specialist teachers.
This involves professional development (INSET) programme for non-specialist teachers.
This is similar to INSET in the U.K, however in the U.K their is less opportunity for PE specific opportunities for non specialists due to pressure on budgets.
This is a professional development programme.
physical and sport education (pase)
Financed by the Australian Council for Health Physical Education and Recreation (ACHPER)
High quality online teaching resources are available, teachers are given support to deliver a programme that will encourage lifelong participation in sports activities.
A case study of Victoria
exemplary schools
Those with outstanding sports and physical education departments.
Teachers from Exemplary schools are funded to share good practice by delivering professional development to neighbouring schools.
Exemplary schools are required to make significant contributions to qualify of sport in their schools.
40 high schools have earned this status in the state of Victoria. The exemplary schools system is an aspect of the PASE initiative.
In the U.K, this system does not exist, although beacon schools and independent schools are highly regarded.
The U.K also has the Kitemarking system.
hOMEWORK
Describe the system for Physical Education and School Sport in Australia and how it compares with the U.K.
Research the following strategies to promote school sport in Australia
Fundamental Skills Programme (FSP)- Craig
Sports Leader Programmes- Dan
State Award Schemes - Ben
Sport Linkage Scheme - Katherine
learning objectives
FUNDAMENTAL SKILLS PROGRAMME
A compulsory Physical Education programme for Primary School Children.
The focus is on the increasing the competence in eleven fundamental motor skills, not concerned with teaching games strategies.
The logic behind this is, if the skill levels are high in young children they will enjoy participation and be less likely to withdraw in later years.
U.K
In the U.K we do not have a Fundamental Skills Programme (FSP)
The U.K has a SSCO's that work in Junior Schools.
sports leader programmes
What is the the role of a sports leader?
AUS
U.K
Timetabled part of senior
pupils SEPEP commitment.
Offers the opportunity
to lead into sports
development
CSLA avaliable to some
Coaching officiating &
leading is part of
examination PE
the role of a sports leader
administration
officiating
coaching
refereeing
support
STATE AWARD SCHEMES
The state of Victoria offers two types of award for achievement in school sport;
State Blue
Recognises attainment and fair play in
school sport.
Recognises the outstanding achievements
of both staff and pupils.
De Coubertin Awards
Presented to students who have made outstanding contributions to administration, coaching and other important non-playing roles.
Sport Linkage Scheme
Invovles an alliance between between schools and Sports Clubs, sharing facilities on a dula basis.
In some cases, Teachers and Coaches will interchange.
Whilst promoting Sport as non-elitist in Victoria, The Sports Linkage scheme directs taleneted pupisl toward club particaption.
sport person in schools project
This involves engaging a sports performer from the Victoria Institute of Sport (VIS) as a teaching Assistant in schools.
The athlete may be an international performer who will be given a specification to coach and advise children to raise the profile of sport.
The athletes plan lessons and workshops and are paid through the government and the (VIS) for their commitment.
To be elgable the schools must state how this particular scheme fits in with the SEPEP programme.
Comparison with the U.K
There is some simularity with this in the U.K, however, it is less structured use of role models.
Funding is not dependant on their work.
SPORTS SEARCH
The
'sports search'
computer is a interactive computer programme for 11-15 year olds.

u.k
Similar to talent ID 2012.
Girls for Gold
Pitch to Podium
TEACHER GAMES
The Teacher games are competititive sport experience for Victoria Teachers.
By electing to take part, the teachers have an opportunity to raise thier own profiles as role models and therefore are better placed to encourgae particaption.
This again, edorses the particpation ethic in Australian Physical and Sport Education.
PACIFIC SCHOOL GAMES
A further incentive for promising sports performers is selection for the Pacific School Games (PSG)
The Victoria Department of Education hosts the event in Melbourne every four years (Mini Olympic Games)
The games invovle in excess of 3000 able bodied and disabled primary and secondary school children representing all states and territories.
U.K
In the U.K, there is a national schools athletics championship, there is not an equavilant of an Australian Schools Pacific Games.
homework
Complete the Worksheet on Australian Schools and how they compare with the U.K.
Research Outdoor Education in Australian Schools and how this differs from the U.K?
To analyse the impact of environmental factors which effect the status of Outdoor Education in schools in both Australia & the U.K. (B)
lets make some comparisons
Using the words below make as many comparisons as you can;
school sport
Sport Education and Physical Education Programme (SEPEP)
Physical and Sport Education (PASE)
Exemplary Schools
Fundamental Skills Programme (FSP)
Sports Leader Programmes
'State Blue'
De Coubertin Awards
Sport Person In schools Project
Sports Linkage Scheme
Sports Search
Teacher Games
Pacific Sports Games
National Curriculum
Work of SSCO's/Non specialist in junior schools
Kitemarking
National Schools Athletics championships
Range of Options
Similar sports played in most schools
Inset
Facilities used more for interest
Independent schools
Talent ID e.g. Girls for Gold
Local Awards
Sports Person in Schools Project
Less structured use of role models
Sports Leaders
CSLA/Part of exam PE
No Comparison
Physical Education & School Sport in Australia compared to the U.K.
We can also discuss the following;
Australia
Primary Schools 3 hours per week (Mandatory)
Bluearth foundation.
OUTDOOR EDUCATION IN AUSTRALIA
To evaluate why the provision for Outdoor Education in Australia is different to that in the U.K (A)
The term outdoor Education has the same meaning in Australia as in the USA & the U.K
This area of the curriculum relates to the provision of educational experiences in the natural environment.
Outdoor Education in Australia
Outdoor Education is heavily promoted in the state of Victoria, essentially because the state has the advantages of wonderful natural resources.
Beyond the urban population concentrated in Melbourne, there are the availability of the following;
Outdoor Education
Outdoor Education is promoted in Victoria for the following reasons;
Unlike the U.K the state of Victoria is favorable for an outdoor climate.
Outdoor Education in Australia
It is associated with a Balanced, active and Healthy lifestyle with nearly one million Australians Engaging in Bush walking.
There are areas of genuine wilderness, unpopulated and unexplored areas.
Outdoor Education
Outdoor Education is a reflection of the bush Culture or Frontier Culture.
The Bush Culture and the pioneering spirit can be gained from undertaking activities in the outdoors.
Nationalism and pride are promoted in Australia through outdoor education.
Raises awareness of aboriginal heritage.
Ayres rock renamed Aluru
In the U.K there is less suitable or variable access to natural resources.
Outdoor Education
Outdoor education has a high status in schools, many schools have high quality outdoor education programmes.
It is perceived to be an important area of education and is an examined subject.
In the U.K, there are constraints to provision, due to funding for specialist staff or facilities.
OUTDOOR EDUCATION
Survival and safety skills are important in a state that has popular coastline stretches and islands of hostile environment.
Its important that Australians know survival techniques in hostile and environments and areas of genuine wilderness which promote danger!
Lower status in U.K schools not generally examined.
It is seen that in the U.K there is less of a need to learn these skills.
OUTDOOR EDUCATION
There is a traditional of outdoor Activity's from British Colonial times.
The outdoor life has become traditional in Australia
Outdoor Education
The state of Victoria has Outdoor Education Associations which support the practice and delivery of outdoor education throughout Australia.
The Victoria outdoor Association which supports the training of teachers and the practice and delivery of outdoor education.
There are many Outdoor Associations through Australia, including Outdoor Education Australia.
Homework
For next weeks lesson you need to have an understanding of the following;
Outdoor Education in primary schools

Youth Development Programme
The Duke of Edinburgh award ( D of E)
High School Certificate
Camp big Foot
The Alpine School
Use page 170 to help you!!
Last weeks homework
You were asked to research the following programmes;
PRIMARY SCHOOLS
Primary schools offer outdoor adventure activities as part of a balanced Physical Education Programme to promote participation and active lifestyles.
From year 4 onwards (aged 7 years) there is a tradition of 'school camp', which is strictly supervised.
YOUTH DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (YDP)
Each state in Australia offers a Youth Development Programme (YDP)
In Victoria, this is entitled the VYDP. From Year 9 (14 Years old),the subject is a voluntary subject option.
It is out of necessity, it is linked to a community service.
Army Cadets
Ambulance
Fire Service
Surf life saving
THE DUKE OF Edinburgh AWARD
Operates throughout Australia, as it does in the U.K.
The D of E scheme in Australia includes outward bound challenges as part of its award and can be offered in schools as an extra-curricular subject.
The D of E can be incorporated into the Youth Development programme (See the case study of Frankston High School)
CAMP BIG FOOT
Skiing is a sport not often associated with Australia!
However, for the past 40 years Camp Big Foot on Mount Buller has been the venue for the the Victoria Interschools SnowSports Championships
HIGH SCHOOL CERTIFICATE
During years 9-10, Outdoor Education can also be taken as a High School Certificate
(equivalent to an A-level).
The subject has large theoretical input, but involves practical assessment in a number of options.
It is a popular examination elective a the subject is given high status.
TIMBERTOP AND ALPINE SCHOOLS
Timbertop is an upland forested adventure centre belonging to Geelong Grammer school for the purpose of residential outdoor education programmes.
The Alpine schools is the Victoria state schools equivalent of Timbertop.
At the centre courses in outdoor leadership and skills are delivered.
Students wanting to learn here are resident for 10 weeks or one term duration.
HOMEWORK
Learning Objectives
(C) Identify the aims of Summer Camps and how they are structured in the USA.
(B) Understand why Outdoor Education is promoted through the use of Summer Camps.
(A) Evaluate why summer camps are less popular in the U.K than the USA.
Outdoor education in the usa
OUTDOOR EDUCATION IN THE USA
The size, beauty and geographical diversity of North American coupled with the colonial and frontier legacy have placed the love of 'outdoors' deep in the traditional values of the nation.
Americans associate the outdoors with Patriotism and loyalty to the USA.
An Association with the outdoors has become part of the american Dream.
OUTDOOR EDUCATION IN THE USA
The term 'outdoor education' implies a formal process of conveying educational values.
This takes the roles of social development, learning teamwork skills, leadership, life skills or citizenship (through living together) meeting new people & religions.
This also takes the role of physical development, learning specific sports or physical skills to develop and active healthy lifestyle or self improvement. Preparation for an active lifestyle.
Appreciation of the natural environment is a highly regarded educational experience in the USA.
SUMMER CAMPS
Since the mid-twentieth century. Summer camps (Camp Schools for young people have increased significantly.
Summer camps take place in the summer Vacation for the duration of a few days or up to 8 weeks.
classification of camps
There are three classifications of Camps.
State- sponsored camps
Camps sponsored by business, ethnic and religious groups.
Commercial Camps
Its is estimated that there are 12,000 camps in America.
8,000 are residential while 4,000 are camps.
types of camps
There are many different types of camps. Some examples are
Academic Camps for Gifted Children
Self-improvement camps, offering courses in modeling, weight loss and etiquette.
Special needs camps for children with learning difficulties or sensory impairment.
THE reasons FOR ATTENDING SUMMER CAMPS
Appreciation of the natural environment.
Provides opportunities for conservation and appreciation of the natural environment
Provides opportunities for people to escape from the big cities.
Improves the quality of life
PROVIDES INDEPENDANCE
Summer camps provide Americans with the opportunity to become more self-suffient, as the camps require students to stay away from home.
These camps also provide opportunites for self-discovery.
Fronteir
Summer camps remind young people of their heritage i.e. the frontier.
Most camps have a mission to encourage a patriotic culture.
The camps have a bugle which sounds the morning reveille and the stars and stripes flag is ceremonially unfulred and displayed.
Camp fires are also a ritual, and all of reflect the ethos of the fronteir spirit.
SAFETY
Summer camps provide opportunities for young people to learn safety and camp craft.
Young people also learn map reading skills and other skills linked to staying in the natural environment.
WHY DO YOU THINK SUMMER CAMPS ARE LESS POPULAR TO PEOPLE IN THE U.K
Lack of Tradition for summer camps and lack of expectation for them.
Not a financial priority in the U.K with money spent on family summer holidays.
The summer break in the U.K is alot shorter than in the USA
Less rural or wilderness or space for summer camps.
Parents in the U.K are not so keen to send their children away for the summer.
homework
Answer the two Exam questions on Outdoor Education in Australia vs the U.K & Summer Camps in the USA vs U.K.
Learning Objectives
(C) Describe the organisation of High School
Inter & intra-mural Sport its status and ethos within the USA & U.K
(B) Explain the role of High School Sport as an incentive for young people and Coaches.
(A) Compare and Evaluate high school sport in the USA and Secondary School Sport in the U.K
HIGH SCHOOL INTER-MURAL SPORT IN THE USA VS
Secondary inter-school sport in the u.k
INTRODUCTION
If a Crisis exists in the provision of Physical Education in the USA, it must be said that inter-mural/high school sport in strong!!!
Because of the large size of a country like the USA, most major sports are well represented in inter-high school competition.
As they are three of the "Big Four" national sports, there is an emphasis on American gridiron Football, Basketball, and Baseball.
Despite Title IX girls tend not to participate in American Football but engage in Track & Field Athletics, Gymnastics and Soccer.
In more affluent 'districts' opportunities arise to participate in sports requiring large expenditure.
For example Minneapolis High School in Minnesota has an ice rink, which is used by students and the community.
Most schools in the USA have facilities that mirror professional sport e.g. Large Capacity stadiums, superior to state schools in the U.K.
FACILITIES
U.K VS USA
This is less so in the U.K, however, some independent schools may have high class facilities.
organisation
Inter-mural high school sport is well organised in the USA.
The State High School Athletic Association (SHSAA), a national advisory body has branches in each state and controls inter-scholastic athletic competitions.
In the U.K several agencies including teachers organise friendly fixtures and some administer local schools and college leagues., this is done in extra curricular time.
state branches
An example of a state branch is the Arizona Interscholastic Association (AIA)
It receives no federal funding from central governent, as schools have to finance their own athletic programmes.
This is in direct contrast to the U.K, who's government planned to invest 2.4 billion in school sport up until 2011.
CONFERENCES
For the purpose of compeition, schools in the USA are classified into 5 conferences, based on enrollled students.
A school classified as "one A" would have up to 200 students, while a school in excess of 1,900 students would constitute a AAAAA (5A High school) conference.
specialist coaches
Physical education teacher
Specialist Coaches
Assistant Coaches
Athletic Directors
'Expendable contracts'
'Hire & Fire' policy
Incentive to win
Reflection of the professional sports scene.
PE Teachers organise and coach teams.
No 'hire & fire' at school level
Permanent Contracts.
Sport in U.K schools does not try to replicate the proffessional sports scene
HIGH SCHOOL SPORT
school sport u.k
School sport has a higher status than PE.
School sport is important, but PE has a higher status.
Intrinsic value, for its own sake, to gain a sense of winning.
'Win at all costs' a powerful incentive to College Athletic Scholarships.
Sports scholarship are offered to promising students by some private schools.
Associated with Educational values, part of the whole curriculum.
USA school sport is a commercial sports industry
ENTERTAINMENT
Whole town attends/huge crowds.
Friday night games to attract spectators.
Cheerleaders/Marching bands, Pom Pom girls & Mascots.
CHALLENGE QUESTION
Do you think the American system increases or decreases the likelihood of Americans achieving international or Olympic success? if so, why?
Links to capitalism
High school sport reflects the capitalist system.
Individual schools gain money through sponsorships, gate receipts, media payment or alumni donations.
Sponsorship may exist in the U.K on a small scale, but school fixtures tend not to attract big crowds.
HOMEWORK
Add these to your A3 worksheet!!
vs
Lombardian
Taking part/Participation
PE Teachers
PE
Limited Funding
Variable Facilities
Free to watch/low crowds/Parents
Links to Capitalism
HIGH SCHOOL SPORT VS PE
So, as you should be aware school sport in the U.K is important, but is in direct contrast with that of the USA.
school sport
Who would undertake this role in the U.K?
USA
Almost exclusively through high school and college sport.
Unique to the USA.
U.K approach is through extra-curricular sport.
High school sport is a mirror of the professional sports system.
Massive Support from the local community.
6,981 Attendance
USA

Students move from high school sport to scholarship programmes for various teams at college level.
If they are good enough at college level, they are entered into the "annual draft" or "pro draft".
Draft is the dream of all aspiring school athletes.
USA
Schools belong to their High schools Athletic Association which in turn belong to their national National federation of high school federations.
Chances of going pro?
USA

Students will specialise or focus on pursuing one sport.

In the U.K students receive a broader range of sports and will not specialise until college/university level.


USA

High class medical services are available to athletes involved in high school sport.
UK
Less so at schools in the U.K with some staff obtaining first aid qualifications. Medical attention is available at national institutes.
LETS MAKE SOME COMPARISONS

USA
U.K






LETS RECAP
The following video clips shows the entrance of the Milwaukee Tigers high school Football Team
Compare what you see here, to what you would see in secondary school sport in the U.K?
Learning Objectives
(C) Describe the organisation, status and ethos of Intra-school sport in the U.K & USA
(B) Explain the role of Intra-school sport and its role in promoting participation in physical activity in the USA & U.K.
(A) Critically evaluate Intra-school sport in the USA & U.K and the effectiveness of both systems.
INTRA- SCHOOL SPORT
Most predominant in schools in both the U.K & USA.
Tends to be recreational, but has a scope to be highly competitive.
More inclusive/open to all, not school represented teams.
INTRA SCHOOL SPORT
Students form their own leagues & teams.
Sports played include flag football, American Football/Lacrosse, Field Hockey, Soccer & Volleyball.
INTRA-SCHOOL SPORT IN THE U.K
An example of Intra-school sport in the U.K would be a traditional sports day.
Inter house competitions are popular in most schools.
Organised by PE teachers in timetabled PE lessons and lunchtimes.
For students aimed 16-18 organsied through enrichment programmes.
QUIZ
5) Give 3 dominant values associated to the UK?
Teamwork, leadership, individuality, democracy, participation, competitiveness, overcoming discrimination.
6) In terms of geographical factors , what are the populations of Australia, the UK & USA?
Australia approx 22million, UK approx 60 million, USA approx 300 million.
7) Give 3 historical factors associated to sport in the UK?
Taking part, 19th Century public schools, amateurism , class, inventions.
More male coaches, coaching female athletes (Sexual abuse by male coaches)
benefits to title ix
Title IX removes gender discrimination
Increases female participation and the female sports status
Equal pay for female players and coaches
HOMEWORK
Research participation rates in Australia.

Research the Sport Education and Physical Education Programme (SEPEP) and its various components.
Remember you assessment in next Tuesday!!!
SEPEP allocates a time of 100 minutes per
week
Sport Person in schools Project -Millie
(C) Identify the various strands to the Sport Education & Physical Education Programme in Australia.
(B) Make Comparisons between the SEPEP in Australia and the Physical Education Curriculum in the UK.
(A) Analyse the effectiveness of both systems in Australia and the UK.
comparative jenga
Harry vs Georgia
Tom vs Freya vs
Jack
Even numbers = Question
Odd numbers = Key word
Sports Search- Imogen
UK
Primary schools 2 hours per week recommended.
Youth Sport Trust (Change4ife) (Fit4schools).
You are going to design your own Summer Camps to present to some Key Stage 3 students on flipchart paper.
You must research what Summer Camps are and how they are run in the USA.
You must say what the aims of your Summer Camp is and what students will gain from attending.
You must also include why there are no such things as Summer Camps in the UK.
The best Summer Camp will win a PRIZE!!!!
Inter-mural sport is played between two (or more) separate institutions.
Research the following and how they contribute towards Inter-mural Sport in the USA.
The state high school athletic association.
The National intra-mural & Sports Association (NISRA)
Title IX
Physical Education for progress.
Check the past paper 20 mark schemes on the OCR website as you how School sport compares in the USA to UK. (You will be quizzed on this next week)
HOMEWORK
Complete all worksheets related to inter-mural sport in the USA and how it compares to inter-mural sport in the UK. (Use pages 127-131)
At the start of next lesson you will be given a assessment related to this, so make sure you know your stuff!!!!
Exam Question

Compare how schools and Colleges prepare young people for sport in the USA & U.K? How effective do you think each system is ?
Intra-mural sport has a much lower status than High school sport in the USA and tends to follow the radical ethic/participation ethic
The status of intra-school sport is much lower in the USA.
What is meant by the terms inter-mural and intra-sport sport? Compare them in terms of organisation, status and ethos (5)
Full transcript