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Inequality and New Social Movements 111 F13
Transcript of Inequality and New Social Movements 111 F13
What experiences do the Maquiladoras have in the export processing zones? How do they challenge their working conditions?
Which best explains these conditions- functionalist or conflict theories of inequality?
--Functionalist: inequality functions to motivate people to work hard and take on challenging roles
--Conflict: inequality serves those that own the means of production, technology, media, etc (exploitation manifests itself via profits)
-Corporations that operate outside their own national borders
Export Processing Zones
--area within which goods may be landed, handled, manufactured or reconfigured, and reexported without the intervention of national customs authorities
More profits than 161/208 countries
-wealth generated from labor in multiple countries flows back to 'home' country
-Factories in China & Indonesia
-75% Female Workers or Children
-10-13 hour days
-Wages less than needed for subsistence for ONE
- based on idea that MNC Abuses are Human Rights Abuses
-Forced Reform by...
- monitoring factories
- pressuring company
- lobbied US Congress
- Protests organized and negative media generated
2004- Gap, Old Navy, Banana Republic
-3000 factors in 50 different nations- Asia & Africa
-10-25% use coercion or verbal abuse
-50% in Africa considered unsafe
-- Bangladesh 2012
Many protest about their own working conditions, alongside US activists
--Others use 'weapons of the weak'
--Malay Factory Worker possessions
Debates: creation of new middle-class or unfair labor?
“Structural violence is one way of describing social arrangements that put individuals and populations in harm’s way… The arrangements are structural because they are embedded in the political and economic organization of our social world; they are violent because they cause injury to people … neither culture nor pure individual will is at fault; rather, historically given (and often economically driven) processes and forces conspire to constrain individual agency.” Paul Falmer
structural violence is "exerted systematically, indirectly, by everyone who belongs to a certain social order - hence the discomfort these ideas provoke in a moral economy still geared to pinning praise or blame on individual actors" _Paul Falmer
examined subcultures/oppositional cultures that make statements about, resist, and protest conditions of inequality- the unequal distribution of resources, rewards, & prestige - globally and locally
-American migrant communities
-movements around the MNCs
Need "an honest of account of who wins, who loses and what weapons are used"
--may be physical violence
--may be in the form of ideologies
--may be in the form of institutions & structures that restrict access to resources & power
Creation of New Social Communities
--allow discussion & collaboration in new formats
How do people create new communities and sub-cultures on youtube? How is this technology used by members of these communities?