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Jordin Cummings

on 7 February 2014

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Transcript of Obesity

Jordin Cummings
Meghan Dunbar
Obesity can be prevented on:
A personal level...
A familial level, and...
A community level.
Canada Food Guide
Obesity can be prevented by:
eating right
staying physically active
Children should work out 60 minutes per day.
Adults should work out 2 ½ hours per week.
Treating obesity on a basic level is much like preventing it.
When diet and exercise aren't enough, orlistat or Xenical® can be prescribed.
Bariatric surgery can be done on those with a Body Mass Index of 40 or greater.
Side effects include:
After surgery:
Body aches
Feeling tired, as if you have the flu
Feeling cold
Dry skin
Hair thinning and hair loss
Mood changes
Acute effects:
Excessive bleeding or clotting
Infections and leaks
Breathing problems
Long-term effects:
Bowel obstruction
Dumping syndrome
Ulcers or gallstones
Gastric Bypass Surgery
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass
Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch
Laparoscopic Band Surgery
Vertical Banded Gastroplasty
Amount of body fat
13,485,120 adult Canadians BMI said obese or overweight
465,941 youth (age 12 to 17) Canadians BMI is obese or overweight
What is BMI?
Several Different Methods
Measure Body Fat
BMI Chart
Hydrostatic Weighing
(Underwater Weighing)
Most accurate technique
Approved Natural Health Products have either a Natural Product Number (NPN) or Homeopathic Medicine Number (DIN-HM) given to them by the Natural Health Product Directorate (NHPD) of Canada…
Similar to Hydrostatic
...but Natural Health Products do not have to be approved to be sold.
Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry
Risk of choosing a Natural Health Product:
medicinal and non-medicinal ingredients
various interactions
the person's age and health status

Uses X-ray
Measures bone density
Skin Calipers
BIA Test
2 Methods
Stand on a footpad
Electrodes on hand and foot
Electric current through body
Signs of Obesity
Tight fitting clothes
Stepping onto the scale
Extra Fat on the body
Risk Factors
Unhealthy eating habits
Inactive lifestyle
Genetics or Family History
Emotional Factors
Tend to lose more muscle
Not burning as many calories because rate of metabolism slows down
Pregnancy can cause weight gain
losing weight after pregnancy can be difficult
Midlife weight gain from as a result from age, lifestyle, or menopause
What is the most effective way to measure a persons body fat?
a. BMI
b. Calipers
c. Hydrostatic Weighing
d. Scale
c. Hydrostatic Weighing
True or False?
Hydroxycut, PGX Daily and similar Natural Health Weight-loss products are good, ideal drugs for proper weight loss.
True or False?
Not having a lot of sleep will help you lose weight.
False; Your body needs rest in order to keep a healthy balance.
Which is not a suggested surgery for weight-loss?
a. Stomach-Stapling
b. Liposuction
c. Lap-Band Surgery
d. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

b. Liposuction; Liposuction is more of an elective weight-loss treatment. It is rare that doctors will prescribe it and most usually has to be paid for.
The End.
Full transcript