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Cause and Effects of Imperialism
Transcript of Cause and Effects of Imperialism
What was the New Imperialism?
The New Imperialism was the period of colonial expansion by the European powers, United States and Japan in late 19th and early 20th century.
This expansion was achieved through the imperialization of China, India and Africa.
Each country had respective reason to why it was targeted by the foreign nations and each was left with devastating effects after being imperialized.
Causes of Imperialism in Africa
Africa was rich in precious minerals and resources such as diamond, gold and oil.
Another major cause of imperialism is slave labor that America and European nations wanted.
The land was also used to produce crops such as cotton and groundnuts, as well as to be used for settling overpopulated cities.
Effects of Imperialism in Africa
Due to imperialism, some aspects of life, such as education, transportation and medicine improved in Africa.
Many Africans strayed from their tribal beliefs and began adopting western beliefs, leading to internal conflict.
Competition increased and conflict grew between imperial powers.
Western nations discovered new crops, foods, and other products.
Causes of Imperialism in India
The British wanted to imperialize India for reasons such as:
India’s abundance in raw materials and natural resources.
India provided a larger market to sell products in.
Nationalistic views lead British to believe they had the rightful obligation to westernize other countries.
Effects of Imperialism in India
Transportation, communication, and sanitation improved throughout India.
Modern technology and education was introduced.
The previous industries and economy was ruined.
India became dependent on the goods from Britain and couldn’t support themselves.
Causes of Imperialism China
China had materials such as silk, spices, and tea that other countries wanted but refused to buy products from western nations.
The Qing Dynasty also limited and resisted western influence.
Eventually, Europe began to trade the addictive drug opium to balance the trade in their favor.
Effects of Imperialism in China
The opium trade eventually led to wars against the imperialistic countries. Both of which, China lost.
Outside nations created Spheres of Influence to gain control over territories in China.
China was forced to sign treaties that cost them control over trade.
The Qing Dynasty lost control of its country and the faith of the Chinese people.
The New Imperialism began with the greed of imperialistic nations, but it brought with it many changes both positive and negative to the affected countries. It brought advancement to many countries at a price they were not able to pay. Overall the world as we know it wouldn't be what it is today if it weren't for the New Imperialism period.
Which of the following is a contributing factor to why European countries imperialized others?
1)More resources were needed by European countries
2)Nationalistic views by European nations
3)Slave labor was wanted to work jobs for less pay
4)All of the above
How did Great Britain balance trade in China to their favor?
1)Great Britain traded products such as silk, tea and spices to China
2)Great Britain convinced the Qing Dynasty to open more trade ports
3)British merchants began to trade opium
4)British army defeats the Qing Dynasty in war
What was a positive effect of Imperialism in Inda?
1)India became dependent on supplies from outside nations
2)Education in India advanced
3)Industries and economy was destroyed
4)All of the above
How did the Opium Wars affect European Countries?
1)The Qing Dynasty lost its control over the land of China
2)Chinese officials became unable to stop opium from being imported
3)European powers gained control over Chinese territory
4)The Qing Dynasty was forced to sign one-sided treaties