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Court System

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by

Nina Sharma

on 21 September 2014

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Transcript of Court System

Court System
Provincial
Administrative
Tribunals
Family Division
Civil Division
Court of Queens Bench
Court of Appeal of Alberta
Supreme Court of Canada
What is?
Family law deals with the relationships among family members, whether it is between wife and husband, same gendered partners, parents and children ect.
Some examples of the type of cases you may see include:
Divorce/ separation
Property
Adoption
Custody
Family Violence
Restraining Order
Real Story:
A man has been sentenced to prison after abducting his children from their mother, fleeing the country to Mexico and exposing his children (under the age of 12) to criminal activity, drugs ect.
Read more at:
http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/local/Maryk-to-be-sentanced-today-274737701.html
Youth Division
What is it: The youth division hears all cases involving minors between the ages of 12-14 years old.
Some examples of the type of cases you may see include:
• Drug Offences
• Homicides
• Violent Crimes
• Theft over $5000
• Breaking and entering
• Assaults
• Property Crimes

Real Story: Three youths the ages of 12,13 and 14 charged with school break-in and entering and vandalism. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/sudbury/3-youth-face-charges-after-hanmer-school-break-in-vandalism-1.2739329
What is it: The Court of Queen’s Bench is the higher court of criminal and civil influence in Alberta.
What is it:Civil law means the legal rules and processes that apply to disputes between individuals or organizations that society has determined are essentially private matters.

Examples of civil division:
 The laws dealing with breach of contract
 Defamation
 The recovering of debts
 And family disputes over care arrangements for children.


Some examples of the type of cases you may see include:
• Wills and Estates
• Divorces
• Adoption
• Foreclosures
• Bankruptcies

Real Story: Canada’s youngest multiple killer inches toward freedom in the Court of Queens Bench. (12 year old that killed her parents and brother with her 23 year old boyfriend) http://www.calgaryherald.com/news/crime-and-justice/Baby+steps+freedom+Runaway+Devil+killer+from/10195449/story.html
What is it: The Supreme Court of Canada is the highest court for all legal issues of federal and provincial jurisdiction. Before it agrees to hear an appeal it must look at its importance and see if the law needed to be re-stated.
Some examples of the type of cases you may see include:
• Criminal Cases
• Civil Cases
• Federal and Provincial appeals
• Cases dealing with the Charter

Real Story: Supreme Court of Canada grants oral hearings to B.C. bong shop owner, employees (Selling marijuana to an undercover police officer, fighting that the police had no right to inspect) http://www.vancouversun.com/news/Supreme+Court+Canada+grants+oral+hearings+bong+shop+owner/10117855/story.html
The Court of Appeal hears appeals from the Court of Queen's Bench, the Provincial Court and the administrative tribunals. The Court provides its opinion on questions referred by the Lieutenant Governor under the Judicature Act. Court of Appeal sittings are held in Edmonton and Calgary and serve the entire Province of Alberta.
Tax Court of Canada
What is it? The Tax court of Canada deals with issues that citizens have with their taxes.

Some examples of the type of cases you may see include:
• Income Tax Act
• The Excise Act (GST)
• The Employment Insurance Act
• Canada Pension Plan

Real Story: Tax Court Says Bank 'Thank You' Points Are Taxable Income (Banks provide customers with “thank you” points which are very similar to air miles. The Court is stating that you must include these “thank you” points in your annual tax statements” http://www.forbes.com/sites/anthonynitti/2014/08/28/tax-court-says-bank-thank-you-points-are-taxable-income/
Military court

What is it: A Military Court is separate from the civilian justice system. It deals with cases involving the military.
Real Story: Court martial eyed in Iraq vanishing (Iraq solider left his unit and some how made it to Lebanon. After the case was being investigated he was charged with theft of military tools) http://www.counton2.com/story/26508678/apnewsbreak-court-martial
Federal and Provincial Administrative Tribunal
What is it: The Provincial and Federal Administrative Tribunals of Canada is part of a specialized government agency that implies the legislative laws
Ottawa's unjust approach to disability insurance http://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2014/09/12/ottawas_unjust_approach_to_disability_insurance.html
By: Nina Sharma
Thank you
Some examples of the type of cases you may see include:
labor related issues
immigration and refugee issues
Landlord and tenant issues
Human rights issues

Civil Division
What is it? A Civil Division is a division of local courts (similar to a small claims court) in which claims for small amounts of money can be heard and decided quickly, without legal representation.
Some examples of the type of cases you may see include:
Damage
Unpaid agreements
Breach of contract (broken contracts)
Debt
Tort
Property Ownership




"The Department of Justice’s Civil Rights Division has launched at least two investigations into Customs and Border Protection personnel based in Arizona over shooting deaths, as part of a broader effort to clamp down on violence and allegations of human rights violations."
http://www.buzzfeed.com/johnstanton/justice-department-civil-rights-division-investigating-arizo#7zixcw




Criminal Division
What is it?
What is it? The Criminal Division enforces and protects the constitution, anyone that goes against it will have a trial and maybe punished.
Some examples of the type of cases you may see include:
Manslaughter
Robbery
Illegal drug possession/usage
Illegal immigration
Kidnapping
Ect.

"NFL play shadowed by players' criminal charges and domestic violence news" Read more at: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/sports/football/police-say-cardinals-dwyer-head-butted-wife-after-she-refused-sexual-advances/article20664198/
Provincial Court of Alberta
What is it? The Provincial court of Canada is divided into various divisions. For example, the family division, criminal division and the youth division. This court only encounters the most serious cases.
Some examples of the types of cases
you may see would very from a illegal
drug usage all the way to divorce.
Federal Court of Appeal
What is it? The Federal Court of Appeal can only deal with matters specifically relating to the law.
Some examples of the types of cases you would see include :
Tax
Trade-marks
Copyrights
Immigration
Federal Court of Canada
What is it? The Federal Court of Canada hears and decides legal claims that come up in the province.
Some examples of what types of cases you would see include:
Immigration
Property disputes
Aboriginal law cases

Court Martial Appeal Court
What is it? The Martial court listens to appeals from the Military Court. It operates like the Provincial Court and has similar powers as the superior court.
Court Martial Appeals court overturns soldier’s convictions in training death
From: http://www.sunnewsnetwork.ca/sunnews/canada/archives/2014/09/20140919-154831.html
Court of Appeal of Alberta
What is it? The Court of Appeals of Alberta is the highest appeal court in Canada and it mainly hears appeals from the Court of Queen's bench.
In the Court of Appeal of Alberta, examples of the main cases that you would hear about would relate to the civil and criminal division.
Appeal court set to rule on ERCB’s charter immunity at center of fracking (to unblock domestic oil) lawsuit
Read more at: http://www.630ched.com/2014/09/15/appeal-court-set-to-rule-on-ercbs-charter-immunity-at-centre-of-fracking-lawsuit/
Full transcript