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Lord Horatio Kitchener

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Timothy Jones

on 28 September 2012

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Transcript of Lord Horatio Kitchener

British-Sudan Who Was He? Why Sudan? British Conquest of Sudan Britain had been in Egypt since 1882 and had rule about half of Sudan already. He was appointed by the British consul-general of Egypt, the Earl of Cromer, to start is re-conquest of Sudan. Around the year 1896, Kitchener started his campaign of Sudan. To start his campaign off, he had a railroad constructed from his base at Wadi Halfa to Terminus at Abu Hamed. It was 200 miles to the southeast and finished in October. This was a huge project and his engineering skills played a great part in this. The railroad was a huge help to the British. They were able to transport troops and supplies to the front of the war. The British fought many battles, but probably the most important and the one that finally determined whether Sudan fell under British control or not, was at the Battle of Omdurman. Highlights The Battle of Omdurman *He was appointed by the by the British consul-general of Egypt to conquer Sudan
*1896-He started my conquest of Sudan
*He had a 200 mile railroad built
*Modern vs. Old Weapons
*Well trained men against just random freedom fighters
*Madists-9,700 were killed, about 13,000 were wounded, and about 5,000 more were captured
*British-about 47 killed and 340 wounded
*Triumph was on September 2, 1898 at about 11:30 1899-1955
*Sudan was under British and Egyptian rule
*1956-Sudan gets independence At this battle, the British used their modern and more technical weapons against the undeveloped weapons of the Mahdists. The battle was bloody and long. Even though the Mahdists put up a hard resistance, the British in the end came out victorious because of their advanced weapons. As we know it, modern weapons always win. The result was very lopsided. The casualties fell mostly on the Mahdists side. About 9,700 were killed, about 13,000 were wounded, and about 5,000 more were captured. Kitchener’s lost was about 47 killed and 340 wounded. In the end the British came out almost unscratched from that battle. This triumph was on September 2, 1898 at about 11:30 and in 1899-1955 Sudan was under British and Egyptian rule. Sudan will be ruled till 1956, when Sudan becomes independent again. Rivalry Britain got involved because France did not accept Britain’s deal about leaving the Nile to them to control. France turned away all terms given to them by the British and refused to back off from the Nile. Britain, afraid of French interference, marched south into Sudan occupied by the French and fought with the French. This almost provoked a war between Britain and France. The little incident was known as the Fashoda incident. Regain The British wanted to re-take Sudan. Britain got involved because Ismail Pasha, of Sudan, had asked the British to come and help him end a revolt, known as the Orabi Revolt. It resulted because Ishmail Pasha was involved with the foreigners and the Sudanese people did not like it. The British came in 1882, and bombarded Alexandria, Egypt. This was Sudan’s primary port and later on they took over Cairo and Sudan. Invitation Highlights *June 24, 1850-He was born in the County Kerr, Ireland
*Royal Military Academy in Woolwich, England
*He attended Cambridge
*1871-He joined the Royal Engineers
*1883-He was transferred to Egypt as a captain
*1892-He was promoted to commander in chief of the Egyptian army
*Major general and sirdar (commander in chief). Biography Lord Horatio Kitchener was of British descent. On June 24, 1850, he was born in the County Kerr, Ireland. He was an Irish but for part of his life, he lived in Switzerland. But after his mother’s death, he returned to England and entered the Royal Military Academy in Woolwich, England. He was very clever and highly educated. He was educated in Switzerland and in Britain. He even attended Cambridge, one of the best universities in the world. In 1871, he joined the Royal Engineers. The skills he gained from the Military Academy and the Royal Engineers would later help him in the conquest of Sudan. In 1883, he was transferred to Egypt as a captain. After being there for a while, he was promoted to commander in chief of the Egyptian army in 1892. He was now a major general and sirdar (commander in chief). VS. Lord Horatio The Battle of Omdurman (1898) Background Conclusion Works Cited "British Sudan Reconquest." (online forum message). OnWar.com. December 16, 2000. http://www.onwar.com/aced/data/sierra/sudan1896.htm (accessed September 25, 2012).

Smitha, Frank. "Britain at War in Egypt and Sudan, 1882-86." (online forum message). Macrohistory and World Report. 2011. http://www.fsmitha.com/h3/h49brit3.htm (accessed September 25, 2012).

"Sudan." (online forum message). Sudan: A Historical Perspective. 2011. http://www.sudan.net/history.php (accessed September 25, 2012).

"Sudan, 1882-1898." (online forum message). History of the Sudan. October 19, 2007. http://www.zum.de/whkmla/region/northafrica/sudan18821898.html (accessed September 25, 2012). A.E., Afigbo, Gavin R.J, Cooper J.D. Omer, Ayandele E.A., and Palmer R. The Making of Modern Africa VolI The Nineteenth Century. Hong Kong: Longman Group (FE) Ltd, 2012.

World History-People & Nations-Modern World. Austin,Texas: A Halcourt Classroom Education Company, 2000.

Halsey, William, and Johnston Bernard. Encyclopedia. New York: Macmillan Educational Company, 1990. Online Books *Knighted and elevated to Baron Kitchener of Khartoum
*Became the proconsul of Egypt and Sudan and ruled till 1914 then went off on another missions
*Worked to rebuild the country through the construction of schools and mosques, as well as worked to ensure the religious freedom of the inhabitants
*June 5, 1916-Went on a mission to Russia and drowned when my ship, HMS Hampshire was sunk by a German mine of the Orkneys
* Resting in peace at 65 Timothy Jones
(First Time to Use Prezi) Kitchener
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