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COM10003 Assessment 2A - DANCE
Transcript of COM10003 Assessment 2A - DANCE
This presentation provides an outline of selected dance genres highlighting key areas such as evolution, major influences, costume, and styles. To ensure the information included in this presentation is reliable and accurate the sources were evaluated against five criteria identified by Metzger; accuracy, authority, objectivity, currency, coverage. (Metzger 2007) . It has established a concise review ensuring that accuracy, authority and objectivity were key. Thus ensuring that we are providing our consumer with information that maintains currency, credibility and reliability to the sources referenced as part of this presentation.
When people came to and visited Australia, the Indigenous communities would be influenced by these people and there behaviors. During these interactions songs and dances were exchanged. This exchange often took place at ceremonial gatherings (Cultural Heritage 2009).
The three major Indian Bollywood dresses include stylish saris, lehenga cholis and salwar kameez. Jewelry consists of over the top ornamentation heavy gold including stone studded necklace sets. Traditionally, jewellery is very elaborate, and can include a choker, a long necklace and a jewelled headpiece (Townsend 2012).
At the French court in 1581, Catherine de Medici, staged Ballet comique de la reine. It was a brilliant success and influenced the development of court ballet in France (Ballet comique de la reine 2015).
Indigenous - Kate
Ballet - Alicia
Bollywood - Sonia
Belly Dancing - Caroline
Hip Hop - Andrea
“There are times when the simple dignity of movement can fulfill the function of a volume of words.” (Doris Humphrey 2014)
Ballet can be traced back to the Italian Renaissance, when it was developed as a court entertainment. Ballet de la reine was to be the first ballet created in 1581. Louis XIV established two academies: the Academie Royale de Danse in 1661 and the Academie Royale de Musique in 1669. The years from about 1830 to 1850 were a golden age for ballet and In 1909 Ballet became recognized as a major theatre art (Kant 2015).
‘Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’ (Wikipedia 2015 )
Tchaikovsky’s musical scores including
The Sleeping Beauty, The Nutcracker, and Swan Lake
were influential in the 19th Century (Kant 2015).
Influential people to ballet include Rudolf Nureyev, Vaslav Nijinsky, Mikhail Baryshnikov and Margot Fonteyn
Belly dancing is believed to be one of the oldest forms of dance. Although its origins are debated it is generally thought to have commenced in the middle east however also has ancient influences from Greece, Rome, Spain and Asia (“Belly dance”2015). Belly dancing is theorised to have evolved from religious danced and ancient birthing rituals (Beddinghaus 2015).
Current Belly Dancing was most heavily influenced from Turkey, and Egypt with some movements similar to those in Indian dance (Lo lacno 2015).
The costume mostly worn in belly dance is made of a bra style top, belt and long skirt or pants known as a 'bedlah' (“Belly dance” 2015).
‘Engraving of the first scene of the Ballet Comique de la Reine’ (Wikipedia 2015 )
Beddinghaus (2015) identifies two main forms of belly dancing “raqs baladi" a more social form of belly dancing and "raqs sharqi” a more theatrical version.
Ballet costumes have changed dramatically since the 15th century.
The Royal Ballet of the
Dowager of Bilbao's Grand Ball, 1626’ (Wikipedia 2015 )
‘A publicity photo for the
premiere of Tchaikovsky's ballet The Sleeping
Beauty (1890)’ (Wikipedia 2015 )
‘Engraving of the
first scene of the Ballet Comique de la Reine’ (Wikipedia 2015)
(‘Anna Pavlova in the
Fokine/Saint-Saëns The Dying Swan, Saint Petersburg, 1905’ (Wikipedia 2015)
Yekaterina Maksimova (R)
as Kitri and Vladimir Vasilyev as
Basilio 1 January 1971 (Wikipedia 2015)
‘Raisa Struchkova as Aurora
in a scene from Pyotr Tchaikovsky's ballet
Sleeping Beauty 1 March 1954’ (Wikipedia 2015)
"An artistic dance form performed to music, using precise and highly formalized set steps and gestures. It is characterized by light, graceful movements and the use of pointe shoes with reinforced toes" (Oxford University Press 2015).
This presentation has explored a variety of dance styles, Indiginous, Ballet, Bollywood, Belly Dancing and Hip Hop. The information has been gathered from a variety of sources and evaluated for accuracy, authority, objectivity, currency and coverage (Metzger 2007) to ensure accurate and effective information has been provided.
Indiginous dance evolves from a ritual dance often used to tell stories. Ballet dates back to 1581 with the italian renaissance. Bollywood, made popular in the 1950's, is a fusion of indian folk dances and more modern dance styles. Belly dancing has been around for thousands of years and heavily influenced by it's middle eastern origins. New York is said to be the birth place of Hip Hop in the 1970's.
Each style has identified the evolution, major influences, costume and styles associated with the dances. Using text, images and video to provide a rounded picture of these themes.
The four styles of ballet are Romantic, Classical, Neoclassical and Contemporary (The Washinton Ballet n.d.).
'A Romantic Tutu’ (Wikipedia 2015 )
‘Darcy Bussell and Carlos Acosta
taking a curtain call’ (Wikipedia 2015)
'Alexandra Danilova and Serge Lifar’ (Wikipedia 2015)
‘A contemporary ballet leap performed with modern
Bollywood styles include not just a unique signature style of song and dance, but also combines rich texture of India's many classical folk dances, fused with elements of Jazz, Hip-Hop, Arabic and Latin form. There are catchy song with hundreds of background dances and even if the song was Indian-esque the dance moves were often borrowed from the hip-hop and break dancing culture of Hollywood (Rhythm India n.d.).
Indigenous dance differs depending on what area it originates from. “Sacred dances are performed for ceremonial purposes and participatory dances convey stories about life, spirituality and culture” (State of New South Wales through the Department of Education and Communities, 1999 - 2011) Before someone is able to perform one of these ceremonial dances they must seek permission of an Aboriginal Elder who is seen by the community as upholder of the dance (State of New South Wales through the Department of Education and Communities, 1999 - 2011)
The Dreaming or Dream Time stretches back into the distant past. Dance is often included in ritual performances and is seen as secret and sacred. Indigenous Australians would imitate animals to assist in the story telling process. Performances gave understanding of how each group were involved in social, geographical and environmental forces. These performances were often undertaken on sacred land (Dance in Australia 2015).
The image right (Santos 2011) shows a typical belly dance costume
the above image depicts an aribic belly dance (The Belly Dance Source n.d.)
Video of Nataly Hay Belly Dancing (Avihass 2013)
1520 Sedgwick Avenue in the Bronx, New York City, is said to be the birth place of hip hop, thanks to a back to school party on the 11th August 1973 (Fergusson 2011).
DJ Kool Herc is said to be the “father of hip hop” (Ferrell and Miller 2012) and responsible for developing the music used for hip hop. Afrika Bambaataa and Grandmaster Flash are responsible for creating the Universal Zulu Nation a “music orientated youth organisation” (Orange 2014).
Hip hop dancers wear less of a costume and more of an outfit consisting of baggy sweatpants, shorts or jeans. T.shirt, singlet or crop top. Baseball cap or beanie and high top sneakers, as shown in the images below.
While there are many styles of hip hop including, but not limited to jerking, footwork and uprocking. The main styles are popping, locking and breaking (Koslow 2015), which involves quick movements of the body to the beat of the music.
A dance crew from America's best dance crew 4
Indigenous Australia’s utilise body decoration by means of painting and wearing products that are created from plant and animal by-products. This enhances the delivery of the story or message they are portraying. (Aborigional Art Online 2000)
IL Nana Belly Dance Group (Parfitt 2011)
Belly Dancer Sabryah (Parfitt 2011)
Western musical television, particularly MTV, has had an increasing influence since the 1990s, as can be seen in the pace, camera angles and dance sequences
Whilst in the 1950's Hollywood was rocking and rolling to the music of Elvis Presley, Bollywood was not too far behind and had its own house-brand, Shammi Kapoor, who later came to be known as the Elvis Presley of India (Gupta, M 2013).
L-R Grandmaster Flash, Afrika Bambaataa and DJ Kool Herc
1520 Sdgick Avenue in the Bronx, New York City
Dance crew the Boggie Bots
(Staff reporter 2012)
Senior Amaphiko dancers
(Dance in Australia 2015)
(Mystery of man 2014)
Bollywood is the name given to the Hindi film industry in India which primarily operates out of a city called Bombay (now Mumbai). So with Bombay being the self-proclaimed Hollywood of India, the term Bollywood was coined! (Mohandas 2013).
(Bollywood unraveled 2013)
(Patsis's world 2013)
(Rino Namasone doing Maximum)
(Dancing Penguins Vector 2013)
(Rhythm India n.d.)
(Bollywood Empire n.d.)
(Bollywood group dance, 2014)
(Gupta, M 2013)
(Bollywood Australia n.d.)