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Physical Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood

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Jamie Gainey

on 7 February 2014

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Transcript of Physical Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood

Chapter 4
Physical Developmetn in Infancy and Toddlerhood

Brain Development
Body Growth
Body Growth
Motor Development
Influences on Early Physical Growth
Physical Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
Influences on Early Physical Growth
Brain Development
Learning Capacities

Ashleigh Forbes
Jamie Gainey
Dominque Selby

Perceptual Development
(Fantastic Pictures)

Infant Development: Speech
(Into Psych, 2007)
Emotional well-being
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Through this presentation the presenters will explain physical growth during the first two years of a child's life, which is the busiest time of development. The class will gain a concept of how rapidly an infant's body changes and how the brain supports learning, motor skills, and perceptual capacities.
Gross Motor Development
Fine Motor Development
2 Aspects of Vision: Depth and Perception
A 70 year old woman, Madeline, has recently complained that she has forgotten two of her regularly scheduled bi-weekly hair appointments and often has trouble finding the the right words to convey her thoughts. What COGNITIVE changes can be attributed to Madeline's difficulties? What can she do to help correct the problem?
• Children of the same age differ in rate of physical growth; some make faster progress toward a mature body size than others.

• In infancy girls are slightly shorter and lighter than boys with a higher ratio of fat to muscle

• The best estimate of a child’s physical maturity is skeletal age, a measure of bone development
• Brain development can be compared to molding a “living sculpture”.

• Neurons are seldom stimulated and lose their synapses, in a process called synaptic pruning which returns neurons not needed at the moment to an uncommitted state so they can support future development.

• At birth the brain is nearer to its adult size than any other physical structure, and it continues to develop at an astounding pace throughout infancy and toddlerhood.
Full transcript