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The Holocaust

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Aviva Okeson-Haberman

on 9 May 2013

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Transcript of The Holocaust

how could the nazis do this? could this happen again? could we become... ...this in order to get from first small step
dehumanization
obedience to authority
diffusion of personal responsibility
conformity
indifference
deindividualization NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS by Becca & Aviva an in-depth look into the holocaust September 29, 1933 -
Nazis prohibit Jews
from owning land. October 4, 1933 -
Jews are prohibited from being
newspaper editors. May 17, 1934 -
Jews not allowed national health insurance. July 22, 1934 -
Jews are prohibited from getting
legal qualifications September 15, 1935
Nuremberg Race Laws against
Jews decreed. May 21, 1935
Nazis ban Jews from serving in the
military. 1 2 2 3 4 1938:
people denied the right to own property
doctors denied the right to treat Aryan patients
lawyers denied the right to practice law
businessmen had to be registered
people denied German citizenship
people denied the right to vote
people forced to carry identification papers
Night of Broken Glass Stripping of Rights JEWISH DISABLED JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES HOMOSEXUALS Rural Jews forced into ghettos in the larger cities
Ghettos in Lodz, Poland held 200,000 Jews, including 5000 Gypsies by the end of 1941
Many died of disease and starvation segregation 15.1 people per apartment, 6-7 people per room June 28, 1935: legal basis was created that allowed the NAZIS to persecute homosexuals
this could include the intent or thought of participating in homosexual activities
Police raided meeting places
created informers and undercover agents to identify and arrest homosexuals July 14, 1933:
government instituted the “Law for the Prevention of Progency with Hereditary Diseases.”
sterilization of people who had hereditary diseases a unit of the Gestapo created a list of Jehovah's Witnesses.
agents infiltrated Bible study meetings
many Witnesses were arrested after they refused to fight in the military November 9: Nazi troops attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues
murdered close to 100 Jews

Piles of valuable classes, expensive furniture, linens – in short, everything was destroyed… The Nazis left us, yelling, “Don’t try to leave this house! We’ll soon be back again and take you to a concentration camp to be shot!” – M. I. LIBAU, quoted in Never to Forget: The Jews of the Holocaust “All the things for which my parents had worked for eighteen long years were destroyed in less than ten minutes. C ncentration Camps: Numbers of Jewish prisoners increased dramatically after Night of Broken Glass
Jews were often the first to be deported in Nazi occupied lands
Sonderkommando
typically Jewish prisoners, had to bury the corpses
fewer than 20 survived Camps located mainly
in Germany
and Poland Jews: between 5,000 and 15,000 homosexuals were sent to concentration camps.
internment start in January of 1933
one of the most abused groups in the camp
castration
thought to cure homosexuality Homosexuals: 6,000 Witnesses were detained in prisons or camps.
continued to meet, pray, and seek converts.
Buchenwald concentration camp
created an underground printing press
refused to adhere to military-type routines
NAZIS used Witnesses as servants. Jehovah's Witnesses: General: People sent to work and do slave labor – worked 7 days a week
Meals: thin soup, scrap of bread, potato peelings prisoners lost 50 pounds in 1st few months J Jehovah's Witnesses:
1,000 Germans killed
400 from other countries
250 German Jehovah's Witnesses were killed after they refused to serve in the army People sent to work and do slave labor – worked 7 days a week
Meals: thin soup, scrap of bread, potato peelings – prisoners lost 50 pounds in first few months “If a bit of soup spilled over, prisoners would… dig their spoons into the mud and stuff the mess in their mouths” – Survivor Homosexuals:
6,000 to 9,000 died in concentration camps very crowded... 75% of participants conformed at least once WEAP NS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS NAZIS by Becca & Aviva an in-depth look into the holocaust 1 2 2 3 4 1938:
people denied the right to own property
doctors denied the right to treat Aryan patients
lawyers denied the right to practice law
businessmen had to be registered
people denied German citizenship
people denied the right to vote
people forced to carry identification papers
Night of Broken Glass Stripping of Rights JEWISH DISABLED JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES HOMOSEXUALS Rural Jews forced into ghettos in the larger cities
Ghettos in Lodz, Poland held 200,000 Jews, including 5000 Gypsies by the end of 1941
Many died of disease and starvation segregation 15.1 people per apartment, 6-7 people per room June 28, 1935: legal basis was created that allowed the NAZIS to persecute homosexuals
this could include the intent or thought of participating in homosexual activities
Police raided meeting places
created informers and undercover agents to identify and arrest homosexuals July 14, 1933:
government instituted the “Law for the Prevention of Progency with Hereditary Diseases.”
sterilization of people who had hereditary diseases a unit of the Gestapo created a list of Jehovah's Witnesses.
agents infiltrated Bible study meetings
many Witnesses were arrested after they refused to fight in the military November 9: Nazi troops attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues
murdered close to 100 Jews

Piles of valuable classes, expensive furniture, linens – in short, everything was destroyed… The Nazis left us, yelling, “Don’t try to leave this house! We’ll soon be back again and take you to a concentration camp to be shot!” – M. I. LIBAU, quoted in Never to Forget: The Jews of the Holocaust “All the things for which my parents had worked for eighteen long years were destroyed in less than ten minutes. Numbers of Jewish prisoners increased dramatically after Night of Broken Glass Jews: between 5,000 and 15,000 homosexuals were sent to concentration camps.
internment start in January of 1933
one of the most abused groups in the camp
castration
thought to cure homosexuality Homosexuals: 6,000 Witnesses were detained in prisons or camps.
continued to meet, pray, and seek converts.
Buchenwald concentration camp
created an underground printing press
refused to adhere to military-type routines
NAZIS used Witnesses as servants. Jehovah's Witnesses: General: People sent to work and do slave labor – worked 7 days a week
Meals: thin soup, scrap of bread, potato peelings prisoners lost 50 pounds in 1st few months death J Jews:
Poland: 2,800,000 killed (15% survived)
Soviet Union (area occupied by Germans): 1,500,000 killed (29%)
Hungary: 200,000 killed (29%)
Romania: 425,000 killed (50%)
Germany/Austria: 210,000 killed (22%) Jehovah's Witnesses:
1,000 Germans killed
400 from other countries
250 German Jehovah's Witnesses were killed after they refused to serve in the army The Disabled:
NAZIS killed systematically killed institutionalized people
sudden death of thousands of institutionalized people caused suspicion
On August 18, 1939 medical personal were told to report children under the age of three who showed signs of mental or physical disability.
this escalated to children up to 17 years of age
at least 5,000 physically and mentally disabled children were killed People sent to work and do slave labor – worked 7 days a week
Meals: thin soup, scrap of bread, potato peelings – prisoners lost 50 pounds in first few months “If a bit of soup spilled over, prisoners would… dig their spoons into the mud and stuff the mess in their mouths” – Survivor Homosexuals:
6,000 to 9,000 died in concentration camps very crowded... ask becca if the % is the surviving WEAPONS C n Leaders Hitler left school to become a painter in Vienna
this is where many of his radical ideas originate
fought in world war one
1921: leader of the National Socialist German Workers' Party
1923 leader of an armed uprising in Munich
imprisoned for nine months
wrote Mein Kampf
January 1933 became chancellor of a coalition government
was the leader of the SS and later the Gestapo
1993, he set up Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp
1943 appointed minister of the interior
oversaw the implementation of the Final Solution
when it became obvious that Germany would lose, attempted to negotiate with the Allies
hitler was mad, he stripped Himmle of his power
committed suicide after he was captured (May 23, 1995) Heinrich Himmle angel of death
physician at Aushwitz
decided who would be killed and who would do hard labor
famous for his experiments on prisoners
had two Roma children sewn together
experimented on about 1,500 twins
when he visited his test subjects he referred to himself as Uncle Mengele Josef Mengele "a high intellectual varnish covering the emotional world of an adolescent,"
was crippled
1928 was made propaganda chief (this was before the NAZIS took power)
after NAZIS took power he took control of the media
November 9, 1938 a German diplomat was killed by a Jew
Goebbels orders the Night of Broken Glass
after Hitler committed suicide he poisoned his six children and shot himself and his wife Joseph Goebbels Gas Vans:
started after Einsatzgruppen members complained about killing civilians
hermetically sealed trucks with engine exhaust diverted to the interior compartment.
cost effective
killed 1.2 million Jews
Competition to see which gas was most effective for the gas chambers
eventually settled on Hydrogen Cyanide (Zyklon B)
discovered by Fritsch, an officer at Aushwitz
In the ghetto of Vilna he organized an underground Jewish resistance
Released a manifesto
"Let us not go like lambs to the slaughter!"
declared that it was best to die fighting
turning point because it changed how people approached their new situation
helped from the United Partisan Organization Abba Kovner "I was just
following orders" Justification
blamed the leader
blamed the victim
"He was so stupid and stubborn he deserved to be shocked." D E A T H Jews:
Poland: 2,800,000 killed (15% survived)
Soviet Union (area occupied by Germans): 1,500,000 killed (29%)
Hungary: 200,000 killed (29%)
Romania: 425,000 killed (50%)
Germany/Austria: 210,000 killed (22%) The Disabled:
NAZIS killed systematically killed institutionalized people
sudden death of thousands of institutionalized people caused suspicion
On August 18, 1939 medical personal were told to report children under the age of three who showed signs of mental or physical disability.
this escalated to children up to 17 years of age
at least 5,000 physically and mentally disabled children were killed gas chambers killed 6,000 humans a day
crematoriums installed later 1 1933 – 1st concentration camp established at Dachau to house opponents of Nazi Regime First they came for the Socialists, and I did not speak out--
Because I was not a Socialist.

Then they came for the Trade Unionists, and I did not speak out--
Because I was not a Trade Unionist.

Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out--
Because I was not a Jew.

Then they came for me--and there was no one left to speak for me.

-Martin Niemöller question time ? Citations “All the things for which my parents had worked for
eighteen long years were destroyed in less than ten
minutes. Piles of valuable glasses, expensive furniture,
linens – in short, everything was destroyed… The Nazis
left us, yelling, “Don’t try to leave this house! We’ll soon be back again and take you to a concentration camp to be shot!” – M. I. LIBAU, quoted in Never to Forget: The Jews of the Holocaust mob mentality
you become more likely to participate in violent activates when you are part of a group
bystander effect
Darley and Latane (1968)
2009: Rape of 15 year old girl
20 people involved China:
toddler struck twice by cars
18 people passed by Abu Ghraib
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