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Peru Culture Report - World Music

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Schuyler Lee

on 1 May 2013

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Transcript of Peru Culture Report - World Music

Latin America Peru Map of Peru Western Edge
of South America Departments 12 regions having economic and administrative autonomy. Each region was to have an assembly of provincial mayors, directly elected members, and representatives of various institutions. Province constitutional province of Callao Nations Present Cultural Groups Geography Function of Music Meaning of Music Musical Instruments VIRGIN DE CARMEN INTI RAYMI Presented by:
Sheridan Pope
Kim Jacobson
Schuyler Lee
Jordan Greer
Alex Ruziska Peru consists of... 47% Mestizos
31% Amerindians
18.5% Europeans
2%Afro-Peruvians
1% Other Amerindians Amerindians inhabited Peru 10,000 years before Spain attacked in the 15th Century Their culture and practices are the glue for present day Peru Two two major Amerindian groups are the Quechuas and the Aymaras Quechuas and Aymara Both have links to the Great Incan Empire Most of both the Quechuas and Aymara live in the Andean Highlands and 65 different ethnic groups There are 24 departments of Peru and 1 Province 1,285,220 sq km
Area comparative: Slightly smaller than Alaska
Border Countries: Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Ecuador Temperature varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west with temperate to frigid in Andes
Average temperature is about 19.1 Celsius or 66 Fahrenheit Tinya small leather drum
about 8 inches in diameter
played by women
used for dances and
ceremonies Quena end-blown flute
made of wood or reeds
"vamos a ir a la quena" Pre-Hispanic Instruments Tinya (drum)
Quena (flute)
Antara (panpipe) European-Influenced Instruments Charanga
(small guitar)
Guitar
Harp
Violin Panpipes various sizes, tuning, and names
usually named for the ensemble to which they belong
played collectively, using interlocking of parts
players often play a drum simultaneously The Andean Region Accordion
Trumpet
Saxophone
Clarinet
other band instruments European Influence A city of west-central Peru on the Pacific Ocean near Lima. Founded in 1537, it is Peru's largest port. Population: 438,000. Terrain changes from western coastal plains , high and rugged Andes in the center, and eastern lowland jungle of the Amazon Basin Natural Resources include:
copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydro power, natural gas Capital is Lima Highest point is Nevado Huascaran
(6,768 m) Native Andean musicians perform in three basic types of situations:
The first type includes-
Agricultural and religious festivals
Life-cycle ceremonies
Work projects within the musicians' indigenous community
The second type includes-
Larger fiestas where various ensembles representing different indigenous communities interact
The third type includes-
Performances that target the mestizo's as their audience
All three of which may require payment or may play for free The worship of the patron saint of Mestizos
The streets of Paucartambo become filled with colorful costumes made in her image
The first day the virgin blesses the inhabitants and scares away demons
The second and last day ends with a war against demons with the victors being the believers (Festival of the sun) Coincides with the winter solstice and harvest time
Was first a religious ceremony of the Inca Empire in honor of the God Inti
Inti Raymi was created to celebrate the new year in the Andes of the southern hemisphere
Theatrical representation has been in Sacsayhuaman since 1944 bringing in thousands of tourists each year. music as tribute to Earthmother (Pachamama) and other deities
music is performed so the community can come together in dance, music and celebration
judged on the quality of social relations as much as the sound itself
no soloists- value of the group is greater than that of the individual
music as expression
huayno (wayno) Huayno most popular song-dance genre in Peru
Varitey of texts - romantic, political, humorous, topical
distinct rhythm
ti-tika trip-e-let
strophic form, AABB Orquesta Típica Strings Harp
Violin
Mandolin
Banduria
Guitar
Charango Brass Woodwinds saxophone
clarinet trumpet
tuba
trombone
used in military ensembles Harp Bandurria 26 to 36 strings

metal or nylon strings

lightweight for easy transport similar to the mandolin
12 strings (6 pairs)
12 frets Charango made of wood and armadillo shell
23 to 45 cm or 9 to 18 inches long
5 or 6 strings "typical orchestra"
combination of traditional and European instruments
microcosm of European-Indigenous mix of Peru saxophone (alto, tenor, and baritone)
clarinet
harp
violin
quena
accordian el final Regions of Peru 24 Regions are divided into provinces and districts 195 Provinces 1,838 Districts Decentralization Regions were a result of Centralization in Lima First decentralizing attempts failed Each region had own government after Nov 20, 2002.
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