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Why the United States Entered World War II
Transcript of Why the United States Entered World War II
Entered World War 2 From Isolationism
to Involvement Lend-Lease Act After World War I the economy was in a bad state which led to America Developing an isolationist perspective on foreign affairs. Below are some of the isolationist acts that were put into law into the 1930s, immortalizing this sense of isolationism. The First Neutrality Act Set into effect on August 31, 1935
Prohibited the export of weapons and other objects of war from the United States to foreign nations that were currently involved in any war. Required arms manufacturers in the United States to apply for an export license
It later prohibited Americans from extending any loans to nations that were currently involved any war. Neutrality Act of 1937 This act said that no American citizens were legally allowed to be on any ships that are involved in foreign warfare.
Denied American merchant ships the right to transport weapons to countries involved in war even if they were produced outside of America
Gave the President the power to ban all foreign ships in wartime from U.S. waters
All of these rules apply to civil wars as well Neutrality Act of 1939 Passed in November of 1939
Lifted the arms embargo against nations in war
Put all trade with these nations under the terms of “cash-and-carry"
American ships were barred from transporting goods to countries in war Passed by Congress on March 11, 1941
Act allowed the President to ship weapons, food, or equipment of any kind to any country whose struggle against the Axis assisted U.S. defense.
Shipped $7 billion worth of American goods to Great Britain and many other countries
This act allowed the United States to support the cause against the Axis without sending any troops At 7 A.M. on December 7, 1941 a swarm of 360 Japanese fighter planes dropped bombs and crashed planes into the American Naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
5 battleships, 3 destroyers, and 7 other ships were sunk or severely damaged, and over 200 planes were destroyed
The attack resulted in 2,400 American deaths and left 1,200 wounded'
The following day President Roosevelt addressed congress and Declared War against Japan and gave his famous "A Day That Will Live in Infamy" speech.