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Occupational Diseases In Health Field

community medicine - 3rd stage / Hawler Medical University
by

Reben Al-qazy

on 3 March 2013

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Transcript of Occupational Diseases In Health Field

In Health Field OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES TOPICS
1.Introduction

2.Classification
3.Etiology
4.Epidemiology
5.Prevention
6.Safety Measures Classification hand washing Prevention Introduction Etiology Epidemiology Safety Measures THE END Occupational Epidemiology deals with the occurrence of work-related health hazards and the risks associated with them. What's an Occupational Disease? The promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations; the prevention among workers of departures from health caused by their working conditions; the protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from factors adverse to health; the placing and maintenance of the worker in an occupational environment adapted to his physiological equipment and, to summarize, the adaptation of work to man and of each man to his job. Health and Labour History Hippocrates Industrial Revolution The 20th Century

Infectious diseases can be caused by coming into contact with bacteria, viruses (hepatatis B,C and human immune defeciency virus), funguses or parasites .
handling patients, contaminated objects, body secretions, tissue or fluids may cause occupational hazards.

Back injuries are the most frequent injury in hospitals.
Heavy lifting and frequent bending
twisting when moving objects or patients increases the risk of back injury. "repetitive strain injury RSI"
Changing shifts and working at night disrupts your body’s natural rhythms.
It can contribute to digestion problem, heart disease, and sleep problem.
It makes participation in social activities and family life difficult. 3. Shiftwork

Health care workers are at risk from violence when dealing with angry and stressed patients and their families .
Work place violence can result in loss of sleep, fear or depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and sometimes even death


Radiation is used in diagnostic procedures such as x-ray, fluoroscopy and angiography.
It is used in treatments using radioactive material.
Other forms of radiation are used in microwaves, magnetic fields and lasers.
High levels of noise are often found in hospital kitchens, laundries and boiler rooms.
Long term exposure to high levels of noise (more than 80decibels) can cause permanent hearing loss.

Chemicals found in hospitals can be in the form of dusts, vapors, gases or liquids. A chemical can enter your body in three main ways;
it can be breathed in
it can go through your skin
it can be swallowed 1. Infectious Diseases 2. Back injuries 4. Violence 6. Chemicals 7. Noise 1.1. Diseases caused by chemical agents
1.2. Diseases caused by physical agents
1.3. Biological agents and infectious or parasitic diseases
2.1. Respiratory diseases
2.2. Skin diseases
2.3 musculoskeletal disorder
2.4 mental and behavioral disorder Vaccination Isolation What is it!? Occupational Epidemiology among health care workers Overview of the Occupational Safety and Health Situation In Iraq The promotional framework for occupational safety and health aims at providing consistent and methodical management of occupational safety and health sponsor the recognition of other conventions in order to prevent occupational accidents, diseases, and fatalities. 5. Radiation Dara Reben Pasar Taban
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