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Major Events that Led to the Development of the American Gov

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cailin woodruff

on 18 January 2014

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Transcript of Major Events that Led to the Development of the American Gov

Major Events that Led to the Development of the American Government as We See it Today.
Albany Plan
Article of Confederation
Declaration Of Independence
House of Burgesses
Stamp Act
New York Ratifies the Constitution
Signing of the Constitution
Federalist Papers
Magna Carta
Virginia Plan
Date: July 1754
Location: The Albany Congress
in Albany, New York
People Involved:

Benjamin Franklin
Representatives of northern Colonies
Description: Drafted by Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvannia, was made so that the colonies had more a government to be run by.
Importance: The Albany Plan shows the start of a government and order.
McClenaghan, William. Magruder's American Government. Needham, Massachusetts: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. 35-36. Print.

. N.p.. Web. 16 Jan 2014. <http://2001-2009.state.gov/r/pa/ho/time/cp/90611.htm>.

Date:November 15, 1777
Location: National Archives
Description: The Articles of Confederation was set in place so that the colonies did not go and make their own laws. This gave the thirteen colonies something to run on. It was weak and eventually changed.
People involved:
The thirteen colonies
Importance: This was the start of a real government. The colonies were to go by the rules and requests but there was no one
to enforce them.
McClenaghan, William. Magruder's American Government. Needham, Massachusetts: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. 44. Print.

http://newsnewmexico.blogspot.com/2011/10/harbison-constitution-day.html
Location: Independence hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Date: July 4, 1776
Description: The thirteen colonies declared themselves and independent state. Now called The United States of America, was no longer part of the British Empire
People Involved: Representatives of the thirteen states
Date: 1619
Location: Jamestown, Virginia


Description: Wanted their own representative assembly. It allowed them to levy taxes and to enact laws
People Involved: The State of Virginia
Importance: Allowed Virginia to make their own laws and take care of their local affairs.
H. R. McIlwaine and John P. Kennedy, . N.p.. Web. 16 Jan 2014. <http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php?Itemid=264&id=1049&option=com_content&task=view>.


Smith, Kay. Colonial Gallery. N.d. Photograph. Kay Smith ArtisitWeb. 16 Jan 2014. <http://www.kaysmithartist.com/Galleries/ColonialGallery/index.html>.
Date: 1765
Location:American Colonies

Description: American Colonist were required to pay taxes on any paper that they used.
People Involved: The American Colonies and the British Parliament

Importance: This angered the colonist because they believed they had the same rights as the English. This means they only wanted to pay taxes to their representatives. This led to problems in the future.
Mayflower Compact
English Bill of Rights
Boston Tea Party
Great Compromise
Bill of Rights
Sugar Act
Tea Act
Townshend Act
Treaty Of Paris
Date: Started 1787

Location: New York

Description:Critics had started to believe that the Constitution went against the rights they won in the Revolution. Hamilton, Madison, and Jay wrote the Federalist papers to gives the pros of the Constitution.
People Involved:
John Jay
Alexander Hamilton
James Madison
State of New York
Thirteen colonies
Importance: Depending on whether people would except the Constitution could change America's future completely.
http://www.crf-usa.org/foundations-of-our-constitution/the-federalist-papers.html

http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/documents/1786-1800/the-federalist-papers/

http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2012/08/28/theres-much-more-than-just-the-federalist-papers/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/united_States_Declaration_of_Independence
Date: May 1787

Location: Virginia

Description: This was written by James Madison. In the Virginia Plan he outlined what would be included in the US Constitution.
People Involved:
James Madison
Edmund Randolph
Importance: This is where people started to consider a government of three parts.
McClenaghan, William. Magruder's American Government. Needham, Massachusetts: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. 51. Print.
Date: 1215

Location: Runnymede

Description: The Magna Carta was enforced on King John by some barons. It took some power from King John and gave more rights to the people.
People Involved:
King John
Barons
England
Importance: Giving the people more power sends us on our way to a democracy.
McClenaghan, William. Magruder's American Government. Needham, Massachusetts: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. 29-30. Print.

Barons, T.. N.p.. Web. 16 Jan 2014. <http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/magna-carta-cornerstone-us-constitution>.




Date:1620

Location: The Mayflower

Description: The Mayflower Compact enabled the colonist to practice any religion that they like. This was made because most of them were not allowed to in England.
People Involved: Puritan Pilgrims of the Mayflower

England
Importance: Allowed Puritans traveling to the New Land to practice the religion that they believed in. It also impacted the Declaration of Independence.
Wikipedia contributors. "Thomas Rogers (Mayflower Passengers)." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 19, August 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Rogers_(Mayflower_passenger)>.

N.p.. Web. 16 Jan 2014. <http://www.plimoth.org/learn/just-kids/homework-help/mayflower-and-mayflower-compact>.

Date: 1689

Location: England

Description: Again the English parliament took more rights away from the throne. The king couldn't take money for personal needs, create or rid of laws and more. Everything that the king wanted had to be approved by the parliament.
People Involved:
King and
Parliament
Importance: Taking more rights from the King gave more rights to the citizens. This influenced America's Bill of Rights.
Halsall, Paul. August 1997.. Web. 16 Jan 2014. <http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1689billofrights.asp>.


Date: December 16, 1773

Location: Boston, Massachusetts

Description: Because of the Sugar Act, the taxes on tea was high. The colonists boycotted tea. The Sons of Liberty dressed as Native Americans, boarded a ship carrying thousands of pounds of tea and dumped it into the harbor. (A movement by the colonist.)
People Involved:


Sons of Liberty

England
Importance: The Boston Tea Party influenced more colonies up and down the coast to resist the King as well. This is one of the contributions to the start of the American Revolution
McClenaghan, William. Magruder's American Government. Needham, Massachusetts: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. 36. Print.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Tea_Party
Date: July 16, 1787

Location: Independence Hall

Description: During this meeting, the representatives met to discuss and create the separation of powers in the United States.
People Involved:
U.S. Senate
U.S. Representatives
Importance: This is the government we have today.
http://federalistfuture.wordpress.com/1787/12/22/

http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/minute/A_Great_Compromise.htm
Date: May 1773

Location: England/ American Colonies

Description: An act by the British parliamentary, was put into place for the East India Company to sell the left over tea they had. The government put taxes on all of the tea they sent over to the colonies which led to future problems, The Boston Tea Party.
People Involved:
East India Company
British Parliamentary
American Colonies
Importance: Led to the Boston Tea Party which helped spark the American Revolution
http://www.glogster.com/llamalover112/the-tea-act-sarah-z-/g-6mogme1p2dd1t73p7rmela0

http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/teaact.htm
Social Contract Theory
Date: 1743

Location: Lived in Paris

Description: In the Social Contract written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau he goes against the laws that are set forth and argues for human rights.
People Involved:
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Locke
Hobbs
Importance:
The Social Contract influenced Thomas Jefferson to include the right to life, liberty, and property in the U.S. Constitution

.January 8, 2014.. Web. 16 Jan 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Jacques_Rousseau>.
McClenaghan, William. Magruder's American Government. Needham, Massachusetts: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. 36. Print.
McClenaghan, William. Magruder's American Government. Needham, Massachusetts: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. 38. Print.
Date: Began 1767

Location: British Colonies

Description: The Parliament of Great Britain taxed the American colonist without permission to pay for the colonial judges and governors while keeping some of the money.
People Involved:
British Parliament
British Colonies
Importance:
The British Parliament taxed American colonist without permission to pay for colonial judges and governors. While paying for their needs England was still keeping some of the money for themselves.
15 January 2014.. Web. 16 Jan 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Townshend_Acts>.
Wikipedia contributors. "Sugar Act." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Jan 16 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sugar_Act>.
Date: April 5, 1764

Location: American Colonies

Description: Forced Americans to pay taxes on sugar. This also increased the price of indigo, coffee, and more.
People Involved:
Parliament of Britain
Americans
Importance: Only being allowed to trade with Britain, put a strain on the Americans. Because they now had to pay taxes on sugar they were paying more money for the same products they could get from foreign countries.
Date:September 3, 1783
Location:
Paris, France
Description:
Importance: The signing of the Treaty finally allowed America to be it's own country.
People Involved:
Great Britain:David Hartley and Richard Oswald.

United States:Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Henry Laurens, and John Adams


Wikipedia contributors. "Treaty of Paris (1783)." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. January 15 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Paris_(1783)>.
Ended the American Revolution between America and Great Britain.
Shestokas, David. Bill of Rights of the US Constitution: Promise Made, Promise Kept. 2012. Photograph. David J, ShestokasWeb. 16 Jan 2014. <http://www.shestokas.com/constitution-educational-series/bill-of-rights-of-the-us-constitution-promise-made-promise-kept-2/>.
Date: 1791

Location: The United States of America

Description: The first ten amendments of the Constitution. These ten were guaranteed by our government.
-freedom of belief/expression
-freedom of security
-fair and equal treatment
People Involved:
First Congress in 1789
The States
Thomas Jefferson
Future Americans
Date: July 26, 1788

Location: New York

Description: Thanks to the Federalist Papers enough people in New York voted on the ratification of the Constitution.
People Involved:
Federalist
Anti-Federalist
James Madison
John Jay
Alexander Hamilton
State of New York
America

Importance: The Constitution could not be taken into effect unless nine of the thirteen states agreed to the changes. Because New Hampshire's ratification was not taken into effect, it was left to Virginia and New York to make the Constitution go into effect. New York saying yes made it so that we finally had a government and standards to be run by.
McClenaghan, William. Magruder's American Government. Needham, Massachusetts: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. 56-57. Print.
Date: 1789

Location: America

Description: Each state signed the constitution agreeing to the terms that were ratified by the thirteen states.
People Involved:
Delaware
Pennsylvania
New Jersey
Georgia
Connecticut
Massachusetts
Maryland
South Carolina
New Hampshire
Virginia
New York
North Carolina
Rhode Island

Importance: The signing of the US Constitution gave the country rules and regulation to run the country off of. We still go off these rules today and have since had some added on.
McClenaghan, William. Magruder's American Government. Needham, Massachusetts: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. 57. Print.
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