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Understanding Power and Oppression:Historical and Current Issues in the Muslim Community
Transcript of Understanding Power and Oppression:Historical and Current Issues in the Muslim Community
History of Muslim Comunities in the U.S
Early Records suggest arrival of Arabic specking slaves in 1717 before the Columbus exploration.
During the 18th and 19th centuries of slavery 1/5 were beleived to be Muslim.
In 1875 migration of Middle Eaterns muslims was noted.
Four waves of migration to the U.S.:
The first two waves were interrupted by the World War, and World War II.
The 3rd wave1947-1960's included muslims who were escaping political oppression.
4th wave began 1967 and continues until today, this wave includes Muslims who are seeking freedom from oppressive ideologies and who are well educated or seeking to obtain higher education or technical training ( Haddad,1997)
"Oppression" is a relationship in which the dominant group benefits from the systematic abuse, exploitation, and injustice directed at a subordinate group (Ore, 2011).
-Islam and Muslim are both words used to describe the religion revelaed to prophet Mohammed
Islam is the act of submitting to the will of God wheras a Muslim is a person who participates in the act of submission.
Labor Market discrimination:
Middle Eastern Arab men and Afghan, Iranian, Pakistani men experienced a significant (wage) decline relative to non hispanic whites between 2000-2002 ( Davila&Mora, 2005)
-Out of a little over 20 policies implimented after 9/11, 15 explicitly targeted Muslims & Arabs (Cainkar, 2004).
"It is a misunderstanding that there is only one Muslim way and that it is strict. I realize that I am more welcome to Muslim Americans than I had realized. They are oppressed, but they are willing to fight Western Imperialism. There is resilience that is silent, but powerful by continuing their traditions." -Chenoa
Through the process of aquiring information for this project I learned that the muslim community is very diverse and their membership is composed of different nationalities and cultures. The anti muslim sentiment and policies are reinforced by popular media. I found that current data about muslim oppression is written by muslims themselves, which is a good sign. I look forward to learning more on the muslim community and their presence in american society. - Maritza
Chenoa Pattersson & Maritza Torres
"Oppression" is an obstacle which prevents the implemenation of Islamic rule on Earth, which is the only final outcome of Allah. Any rejection of the da'wa, or call of Islam, is considered to be oppressing Muslims (McKenzie, 2007).
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
copy paste branches if you need more....
Discrimination involves denying individuals and groups of people equality of treatment which they may wish .
Denying rights of "non-dominant" groups in a population which posses and wishes to stable ethnic, religious or linguistics traditions or characteristics ( Ameli,Elahi&Merali 2004).
-Women are "slaves" to their male partners and oppressed
-All women wearing hijabs and all men with turbans are Muslim
-All females have to wear a burka
-Any Muslim will give their life in the name of Allah
-They don't eat pork
Saving muslim women from muslim men became a priority after the 9/11 events (Haddad, Moore, & Smith, 2007)
Patriot Act , aimed at detecting terrorist activity and restricting immigration from Iraq and Pakistan but has been extended to all muslim countries . European Policy Centre (2004, updated 2010)
-Right after 9/11, The U.S. issued a 20 day mandatory hold on all visa applications submitted by mostly Muslim and Arab men between the ages of 18 to 45 from 26 different countries (Cainkar, 2004).
The U.S. Muslim community is ethnically and racially diverse, representing an estimated 77 countries ( Johnson, 2011).
-In 2012, the U.S census they estimates that there is anywhere between 2 to 7 million (Johnson, 2012)
Americans keeping Muslims oppressed
All muslims are "terrorist" and a "threat"
All middle easterns are muslims
They hate Americans
They are loyal to their homeland
They are all immigrants and not true Americans
"Negative perceptions of Islam has paradoxically givven rise to Muslim womens public presence and paved a way to their political engagement (Zahedi, 2011).
"Oppresion in the western perception reduced the multifaceted oppresion of women in the islamin world ot the veil and concealment of the female body( Zahaedi, 2011, pg.6).
Muslim Girl, is used to market an"idealized" integrated North American "modern" women.
Empoered and Achieved, whisch both challenges and confirms stereotypes ( Kassam, 2011).