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Transcript of Argumentation
Argumentation is different than persuasion!! Persuasion uses emotional appeals where argumentation uses only factual and logical reasoning. ARGUMENTATION You must provide examples, offer reasons for assertions, and explain the cause and effect of of decisions made. An argument is a reasoned, logical way of demonstrating that the writers position, belief, or conclusion is valid. BOTH ORAL AND WRITTEN!! Ohio Common Core places special emphasis on the ability to write sound arguments on topics and issues. 1. Opposition
2. Implied should
3. Call to action Arguments contain three things: An argument is merely an essay that has a thesis, which a substantial part of your audience may disagree with and that seeks to convince them you’re right. An argument is never final. The subject is always open for debate. 5 Parts:
1. Introduction, Narration, Confirmation, Refutation and Concession, and Summation. THE CLASSICAL ARGUMENT warms up the reader, announces the theme or thesis of the argument. A statement of direction. Introduction summarizes background material, provides information to the audience so that they understand the argument and the reasons behind the argument, and to set the stakes (what's at risk?) Narration lay out the claims that support your thesis from strongest argument to weakest, and SUPPORTING EACH CLAIM WITH EVIDENCE Confirmation looks at opposing viewpoints, anticipating objections, without weakening the thesis. Refutation/Concession Provides a strong conclusion, repeating the force of the argument, and showing the reader that your solution is best Summation an error of reasoning. Logical Fallacy Our team will win the game because we have better cheerleaders and fans. Example of a logical fallacy: 1. Choose a good topic, one that includes two sides
2. Anticipate the opposition. How will the other side counter your argument?
3. Research the topic completely
4.List the arguments for and against
5. Refute the arguments. Show why you are right and the opposition is wrong.
6. End with a strong conclusion/call to action
How to write an argumentative essay