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Faith and Revelation: Ch 3

For use by students of Mrs. Caruthers' Freshman Theology Class

on 2 November 2015

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Transcript of Faith and Revelation: Ch 3

Intro to Sacred Scripture

Canon= complete and perfect
All of Scripture= inerrant
Translations are the work of men and differ and are not inspired.
Some are better than others at finding the meaning of the text.
Some are really bad.

Why on Earth is Christ Called the “Word”?
Chapter Three
Faith and Revelation
The Church Transmits the Revelation of Jesus Christ through Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture
God Creates the World
In order to understand Christ, the definitive Revelation of God to man, we must read about Him in the Scriptures
God Chooses to Reveal Himself
God Becomes Man and Dwells among us
"handed down"- orally transmitted understanding of our Faith--what is done.
Old Testament
Everything in the Old Testament Leads to Christ
New Testament
Everything in the New Testament is meant to teach us about Christ
the only source of our Salvation
God deigned to reveal Himself FULLY through the Word made flesh from the beginning.

The Incarnation of Christ and His life, death and resurrection are the climax of all of history.

Everything revealed to us before Christ’s birth (OT) and everything after His resurrection (The Church) point to Christ as the definitive and perfect Revelation of God to Man.

NOT a religion of the Book, but a religion of Christ, who is found in Scripture and Tradition and is protected by the Magisterium (HS)

Could be human words
Divinely inspired Words
Could be the Word Made Flesh
Represents something: content, object, fact
Reveals the person
their feelings, desires
To someone,
from whom a response is expected
Jesus Christ
Content: Christ
the Way, the Truth,
and the Life
To us: His Church,
Respond with Love
By the grace of the Holy Spirit!
Person Speaking
Who is Revealed
God the Father
inspired by God
Content is the SAME
the object, fact, or details trying to convey
God is the speaker
Human author is
ALSO the speaker
To us!
Original Sin
Tells us about sacraments
teaches us what to do
gives us the Canon
Helps us interpret
Reveals the person speaking
thoughts, feelings, desires
God is the
“The gift of the Holy Spirit
which assisted a human author
to write a biblical book so that
it has God as its author and teaches faithfully, without error the saving truth that God has willed to be consigned to us”
Definition of the CCC
“To compose the sacred books, God chose certain [people] who, all the while he employed them in this task, made full use of their own faculties and powers so that, though he acted in them and by them, it was as true authors that they consigned to writing whatever he wanted written, and no more.”
-from CCC paragraph 106

Human beings were also authors of Sacred Scripture
Because God is the author, the Scriptures are
“The attribute of the books of Scripture whereby they faithfully and without error teach that truth which God wished to have confided through the Sacred Scriptures, for the sake of our salvation”
From CCC
2 Tim 3:16
Because they are also Human Words...
The CONTENT comes from God and is
but we need to remember that the author is human
Inerrant and has Veracity
It is important to know what he MEANS and not simply what he says!
Historical Context
Points of view
cultural aspects
Literary Form
“For I confess to your Charity that I have
learned to yield this respect and honour only to
the canonical books of Scripture: of these alone
do I most firmly believe that the authors were
completely free from error. And if in these writings
I am perplexed by anything which appears to me
opposed to truth, I do not hesitate to suppose that
either the scribe is faulty or the translator has not
caught the meaning of what was said, or I myself
have failed to understand it . . . I believe, my
brother, that this is your own opinion as well as
Letter from St. Augustine to St, Jerome
Literal Sense
The CONTENT of Scripture:
What God and the Human Author both MEAN
Must take into consideration...
Scholarly Detective Work
The Canon of Scripture
means "rule" or "measurestick"
the official list of scriptural books
AD 90
aka Vulgate
King James Version
and other English Translations
Timeline of Canon and Translation
The Canon (which books are in the Bible) was determined by
Sacred Tradition
The Canon is complete and perfect.
Translations are NOT
Some are good and help us find the meaning of the text. They are approved, but different
Some are really bad translations
Out of the blue God knocked up the whole bang lot.... God said 'let's have some light' and bingo – light appeared."
The Authors of Scripture
The Senses of Scripture
These are things you must consider in order to know what the Holy Spirit and the human author MEANT to convey to us.
2nd Person of the Trinity as "The Word" made flesh
to particular audience
So, then, how does inspiration work?
Spiritual Senses
Literal is not literalistic!
A metaphor or sustained comparison:

This sense looks at all of scripture as being fulfilled in Christ
Other literature can make allegories, but only God can make historical events actually represent something in the future
All Scripture is for our salvation and lead us to act justly. We can pattern our lives after the Heroes of Scripture.
The human author of Exodus meant the 10 Commandments for the Isrealites; God intended them for everyone
anagoge- "leading"
Earthly signs are an example of eternal realities- glimpses of Heavenly realities
1 Peter 3:21-22
Matthew 18: 21-35
"Heavenly Jerusalem"
Matthew 5:29-30
Spiritual Senses are intended by God
They are
not even known by the human author
The literal sense also means something deeper
God Reveals Himself to us
He reveals Himself fully in the Person of Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ is the reason for the Deposit of Faith, both Scripture and Tradition--and the Magisterium transmits and protects this Deposit of Faith
Scripture is to be read with this in mind
Because it is written by God it is inerrant, has veracity and is inspired.
Because it is written through a human author:
in order to understand the LITERAL SENSE (the content meant to be conveyed by BOTH the Holy Spirit and the human author) we must understand the human author.
The Magisterium (and traditions of the Church) help us to understand the literal sense that is intended by the human author, through literary analysis.
When interpreting the SPIRITUAL SENSES (intended by God)
We must remember:
The whole bible must be read in the light of Christ, as the unity of scripture and the heart of Christ.
We must read scripture in the living tradition of the whole Church
Read each passage with the Analogy of Faith--nothing in scripture can contradict other parts of the faith
Literal Sense and Improper Literal Sense
The "proper" literal sense is the ordinary meaning of the words
The "improper literal sense" are words that are taken in their figurative meaning
*this is still what the human author means to convey, but it might take more work... like a hyperbole, metaphor or riddle
Sensus Plenior: Reading with the eyes of the Holy Spirit
implicit and explicit
The Church remains as Christ in the world.
whatever you do to the least of these, you do to ME
Type, Image, Figure
Antitype, reality, figured
*like you do in English class!?
It can be difficult to know the literal sense because sometimes it contains a depth that can be misleading since we come from a different culture and time period
Try to always remember what the author is trying to unveil about who God is, and our relationship to Him.
Literal is NOT Literalistic
We need careful LITERARY ANALYSIS in order to understand what is really being meant literally.
Mk 9:41-50
There are over 3000 different translations of the bible today.
The whole point of Scripture and Tradition is a relationship with Jesus Christ, so we use them both to pray and have faith in reading the scripture with humilty.
The End.
Full transcript