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Learning and Memory Presentation

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Kanisha Turner

on 7 July 2014

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Transcript of Learning and Memory Presentation

Synapse - Where neurons communicate to form a memory
Procedural Memory- Previous learned skills (Cerebellum – area of the brain responsible)
Declarative Memory- Events and facts (Cerebrum, Hippocampus – area of the brain responsible)

(Kalat, 2013)

Korsakoffs Syndrome- Brain damage caused by thiamine deficiency. Fills in memory lapse with guesses
Alzheimer's- Forgets procedural memories that already know. Ex. Learning to jump rope.
Sematic Dementia- Loss of sematic memory. Caused by damage to temporal lobe. Does not remember what everyday objects are.
(Kalat, 2013)

Illustrate the neuroanatomy of and neural processes related to learning and memory.

Discuss the relationship between learning and memory from a functional perspective. Address why learning and memory are interdependent.

Use case studies and examples from research articles to help illustrate this relationship.
Learning and memory are two very closely related concepts. Learning and memory are both very fundamental processes that we as people rely on day to day. Learning comes from a skill or knowledge, while memory is the expression of what you have retained (APA.ORG, 2014). Although both concepts are related in some ways, there are some differences in which the two occur. The process of learning is interwoven with memory in a way that is constantly updated and modified throughout the human lifespan (APA.ORG, 2014).
Process for Forming Memories
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Gradual Learning- Habit Learning

Memory - the process in which learning is stored
Sensory Memory
Short-term Memory
Long-term Memory
Declarative Memory
Implicit Memory
How is learning and memory interdependent?
"It's simple "

Learning and Memory Presentation
Kalat, 2013
Memory Differences
Remember and Retain
Examples of Learning
Walk / Talk
Grade School / College
Job Skills / Training
Different Types of Learning:
Visual, Logical, Aural, Social , Verbal , Physical , and Solitary
Learning and memory are two very fascinating parts
of the human mind. Learning happens when you learn a new skill slowly; however memory occurs when you learn something instantly (APA.ORG, 2014). Learning and memory are intertwined in some ways but can be separate in other ways. However, there is no doubt that one cognitive concept needs the other in order to process language, or to perceive what is going on in our environment. Without memory we as humans would be unable to learn, and we would be unable to move forward on our educational journeys.


Case Studies show that memory, sleep, and learning go hand and hand.
More and less comprehensive distinction.
Putting(M/L) to good use.

Sleep affects memory .
Memory must be present to learn.
Findings are contradictory and inconclusive.
Working memory and learning.

American Psychological Association. (2014). Learning & Memory.
Retrieved from
Blissitt, P.A. (2001). Sleep,
memory, and learning. Journal of Neuroscience Nursing, 33(4),208-15. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/2191773512
Kalat, J. W. (2013). Biological
psychology (11th ed.). Belmont,CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.
Kintsch, W. (1994). Text
Comprehension, memory, learning. American Psychologist, 49(4),294-303. doi:http://doi.org/10.1037/003
Staff, A.P. (2014). Learning and
memory. Retrieved from American Psychological Association: https://apa.org/topics/learning
Toronto, U.O . (2012). examples of learning styles. Retrieved from
Teaching Topics: http://www.teaching.utoronto.ca/topics/coursedesign
Voss, K. A. (2014). Memory reactivation and consolidation during
sleep. Retrieved from learning and Memory:http//Learning and memory:learnmem.cshlp.org
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