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ch 18

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by

Emily Roberts

on 20 November 2012

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Transcript of ch 18

Did the North, South, or West benefit
most from the Compromise of 1850? Why? South South was given popular sovereignty in the Mexican Cession lands.
Seward claimed that slavery in the territories would undermine the “freedom of industry” promised by the Mexican cession.
Seward’s speech confirmed the South’s worst fears: an abolitionist faction dedicated to the restriction of slavery was trying to subvert the constitution and deny the South’s equality in the Union.
The South, by contrast, placed enormous weight on the Fugitive Slave Act to restore sectional harmony and equality. North For many northern politicians, however, Seward had become their firebrand.
Even though many northerners opposed racial equality and harbored little enthusiasm for emancipating slaves, they resented the idea that slavery might now encroach upon the North. West -The successful Mexican War opened new lands in the West for Americans settlers. Sources/Video http://ehistory.freeservers.com/Vol1/Compromise2copyedit.htm -California admitted as a free state -Slave trade prohibited in Washington D.C. -Texas loses boundary dispute with New Mexico Compromise of 1850 -The Compromise of 1850 was a series of bills that wanted to resolve the territorial and slavery controversies arising from the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). -There were five laws that balanced the interests of the slave states, south of Missouri and the free states to the north. -California was admitted as a free state.
-Texas received financial compensation for relinquishing claim to lands west of the Rio Grande.
-The territory of New Mexico was organized without any specific prohibition of slavery.
-The slave trade was terminated in the District of Columbia.
-Fugitive Slave Law was passed, requiring all U.S. citizens to assist in the return of runaway slaves regardless of the legality of slavery in the specific states. -New railroads lines and fast clipper ships were being built move people west at an unprecedented pace. - Although the country's future seemed bright, westward expansion brought with it an intense debate over how slavery should be treated in the new territories. http://glencoe.mcgrawhill.com/sites/0078799821/student_view0/unit1/chapter4/the_compromise_of_1850__the_great_debate.html start at 1:11
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