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Argumentative Essay - UKH

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hedi gol

on 12 March 2014

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Transcript of Argumentative Essay - UKH

An argumentative essay is an essay in which you agree or disagree with an issue, using reasons to support your opinion and give a stance.

Your goal is to convince the reader that your opinion is right.
Ethno-tourism should benefit both the visitors and tribal communities.

However/but, recent studies suggest negative impact of ethno-tourism on the subject of communities.

In this paper, I examine how these claims actually exaggerate the negative consequences of contact with tourists and tourism industry, without fully considering the positive impact.

(writer will examine that the claim is exaggerated and does not fully consider the positives.)
Stance words
incredibly fundamentally

astonishing plausibly

critically incomprehensibly

What is unique about an argumentative essay?
What is unique about an argumentative essay is that you give reasons to support your point of view.

You must also discuss the other side's reasons and then rebut them. (Rebut means to point out problems with other side's reasons to prove that they are not good reasons.)

Why do we rebut?

To show the reader that we have considered all sides of the issue.
Monday, 10th of March
Argumentative Essay
Hedging language
Language used in hedging:
1.Introductory verbs: e.g. seem, tend, look like, appear to be, think, believe, doubt, be sure, indicate, suggest

2.Certain lexical verbs. e.g. believe, assume, suggest

3. Certain modal verbs: e.g. will, must, would, may, might, could

4.Adverbs of frequency e .g. often, sometimes, usually

5.Modal adverbs: e.g. certainly, definitely, clearly, probably, possibly, perhaps, conceivably,

6.Modal adjectives e.g. certain, definite, clear, probable, possible

7.Modal nouns e.g. assumption, possibility, probability

8. That clauses
e.g. It could be the case that . 
e.g. It might be suggested that . 
e.g. There is every hope that .

9. To-clause + adjective
e.g. It may be possible to obtain . 
e.g. It is important to develop . 
e.g. It is useful to study .

Features of academic writing

We use caution (hedging) language in our essays:

Adverbs of comment = degrees of certainty

Making claims in your essays

Making a strong claim about ‘everyone’ is unlikely to be 100% true.
How can you avoid making generalisations?

Use a verb: tend to, seem to, appear to
Use an adverb: often, usually, frequently
Use an adverb quite/rather/fairly before an adjective

Avoiding generalisations


Read and analyse the model argumentative essay.

Identify the argument, counter-argument and rebuttal.

Task 2
Brainstorm your essay question:

Sustainable energy should be harnessed in Kurdistan. To what extent do you agree/disagree.
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