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The Industrial Revolution

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by

Leah Cleary

on 14 February 2016

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Transcript of The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution
CAUSES:

- Agricultural Revolution

- Enclosure
- Crop Rotation

ENGLAND

CAUSES:

- Natural Resources

- Expanding Economy

- Inventions

Short Term

- many jobs
- unhealthy working conditions
- air and water pollution
- child labor

IMPACT

- class tension

- rise of the middle class

- Working-class revolts

- improved transportation

- urbanization

Affordable consumer goods

Improved working conditions

Urban improvement

Longer life expectancy


LONG TERM

Labor

- Unions
- Strikes
- improved hours
- improved pay
- child labor laws

REFORM

Society

- Abolition
- Women’s Rights
- Public Education
- Prison

Karl Marx

The Communist Manifesto
- class warfare
***would give way to***
- classless society

NEW IDEAS

Adam Smith

The Wealth of Nations, 1776
- Laissez Faire
- Three Natural Laws of Economics:
- self-interest
- competition
- supply and demand

Developed by region

Copied British model

- imported engineers and equipment
- studied industrial management
- built railroads
- developed military


GERMANY INDUSTRIALIZES

1868, Meiji Era

Govt’ initiated industrialization

- textile mills
- coal mines
- shipyards
- cement factories

RESULTS:

- sustained economic growth
- military development
- IMPERIALISM in Asia

Increased competition among industrialized nations
Increased poverty in less-developed nations
Poorer nations supply materials for richer ones
Imperialism!!!

Global Impact of Industrialization

Industrialization
Process of changing from an agricultural economy to one based on the mass production of machine-made goods.
- Otto Von Bismarck was the Prime Minister of Prussia.
- Prussia and Austria dominated the German Confederation.
- Bismarck’s main goal was to unify Germany.
- He would do whatever it took to achieve his goal.

German Unification
Japan--From Isolation to Industrial Power
- Tokugawa Shoguns had ruled Japan for over two centuries.
- Japan practiced isolationism.
-Americans forced Japanese to trade.
- Tokugawa Shogun steps down
- Meiji Emperor Rules

Japan Opens its Doors
Germany Bursts on the Scene
1905, Japan Beats Russia in the Russo-Japanese War!
Full transcript