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Spain

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América Valero

on 5 May 2015

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Transcript of Spain

Reino de España
Basic country information
Important historical dates
Social Stratification
Culture
Social aspects
Economics - Stage 1 [Spain]
Team Members
William Duarte Sepúlveda

Edwing Ulin Yair Briseño

América Valero Rodríguez

Paulina Muleiro Estévez

David Leal Meza

A00570312
A01227886
A01228562
A01228578
A01228836
Conclusions
References
Arrested in Melilla
General Info
In Elilla, Madrid, Málaga and Las Palmas of Gran Canaria.
17th February 2015 at 13:30 hrs CET
Where?
When?
How?
By analyzing some records documentation.
Who, What and why it happened?
The Civil Guard detained 15 people due to reporting fraud in public contracts.
Background
What could have caused it to happen?
That civil guard detected the linkage of 15 people with illegal acts.
Visual evidence
http://www.rtve.es/alacarta/videos/telediario/td1-op-melilla-170215/3002409/
Important actors
Gregorio Castillo
General Director of Public Safety Melilla.
Police man.
One of the 15 arrested.
José Angel Pérez Calabuig
Minister of the Environment.
Belongs to a high-ranking authority of the city.
One of the 15 arrested.
Relation with social aspects
Conclusion
It directly affects society as through fraud in some contracts, diverting funds that provide citizens. It is important that notifies fraud senior public authority as chiefs and ministers profiting from the involuntary exchanges of citizens.

Both news complement each other, since one of them focuses on the names of the authorities involved, contrary to the second that focuses on the history of the event.

12 temas tabúes. (2010). In rosamariaartal.com Recovered in http://rosamariaartal.com/2010/08/23/12-temas-tabues/
50 cosas increibles España. (2014). In Recovered in huffingtonpost.es Recovered in http://www.huffingtonpost.es/2014/03/15/50-cosas-increibles-sobre-espana_n_4962505.html
Amparo Valcarce [picture]. (2015). Recovered in http://www.politicaxxi.net/t13903-campana-del-psoe
Ángel Gabilondo Pujol [picture]. (2015). Recovered in http://sct.epsa.upv.es/?speaker=angel-gabilondo
Ayuso, M. (11 of April 2012). Los nuevos tabúes: temas que no podemos tratar en público. El confidencial. Recovered in http://www.elconfidencial.com/alma-corazon-vida/2012/04/11/los-nuevos-tabues-temas-que-no-podemos-tratar-en-publico-95903
Bandera de España [picture]. (2015). Recovered in http://es.harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Archivo:Bandera-España-1024x768.jpg
Castañuelas españolas [Picture]. (2014). Recovered in http://speed-dream.com/textil-moda-calzado/castanuelas-espanolas/
Carlos Hechizado. (2015). In biografíasyvidas.com Recovered in http://www.biografiasyvidas.com/biografia/c/carlos_hechizado.htm
Concierto de Melendi en s Fiestas del Pilar 2014 [picture]. (2014). Recovered in http://www.fiestaszaragoza.com/concierto-de-melendi/
Condenado a diez años de cárcel el ladrón del Códice Calixtino. (2015). In elcorreo.com Recovered in http://www.elcorreo.com/bizkaia/culturas/201502/18/condenado-diez-anos-carcel-20150218140005-rc.html
Comprar Entradas de los monumentos de España. (2015). In ticketmonument.com Recovered in http://www.ticketmonument.com/es/monumentos-entradas.php
Culture of Spain (2014). In mapsofwold.com Recovered in http://www.mapsofworld.com/spain/culture-spain/
Flamencodance [picture]. (2015). Recovered in http://www.emilymazzotti.org
Diplomacia Alternativa. [picture]. (2010) Recovered in https://diplomaciaalternativa.wordpress.com/2010/05/13/diplomacia-cultural-cobra-fuerza-en-espana/
El cásico [picture]. (2012). Recovered in http://www.marca.com/2012/04/13/mundomarca/1334309011.html
El portavoz adjunto del PP en el Congreso, Rafael Hernando [picture]. (2014). Recovered in http://www.elplural.com/2014/01/19/la-asociacion-de-la-memoria-historica-denunciara-a-rafael-hernando-ante-el-supremo/
El juez deja en libertad a la mujer del exelectricista. (2015). In elcorreogalllego.es Recovered in http://www.elcorreogallego.es/santiago/ecg/juez-deja-libertad-mujer-exelectricista/idEdicion-2012-07-10/idNoticia-755726/
Francsco e Goya. (2015)biografiasyvias.com Recovered in http://www.biografiasyvidas.com/monografia/goya/cuadros23.htm
España, cultura y variedad. [picture] (2012) Recovered in http://www.zocalo.com.mx/seccion/articulo/espana-cultura-y-variedad
Europa press. (12 of February 2015). PSM elegirá candidato tras consultar a la militancia [video]. Recovered in
Europe: Spain. (2015). In cia.gov Recovered in https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sp.html
fvideo0880 (December 21 2013) La nueva leyde aborto enEspaña [video]. Recovered in
Garea, F. (18 of February 2015). El Gobierno cambia de forma limitada y urgente la ley del aborto. El pais. Recovered in http://politica.elpais.com/politica/2015/02/18/actualidad/1424251777_843543.html
Grecia y laincertidumbre del euro [picture]. (2015). Recovered in http://www.revistagenteqroo.com/grecia-y-la-incertidumbre-del-euro/
Girovisual Television (4th of February 2015). GOBIERNO LLAMA AL ORDEN POR LEY DE ABORTO, 03 DE FEBRERO 2015. [video]. Recovered in
Hernández, J. (17 of February 2015). 14 detenidos en Melilla y otras tres ciudades por corrupción. El país. Recovered in http://politica.elpais.com/politica/2015/02/17/actualidad/1424169282_666661.html
Historia España. (2015). In culturageneral.net Recivered in http://www.culturageneral.net/historiaespana/
Idiomas y religiones en España. (2015). In spain.info Recovered in http://www.spain.info/es_MX/informacion-practica/consejos-viaje/consejos-practicos/idiomas-religion/#subir
Infografía: 30 datos curiosos sobre España que debes conocer si vas a estudair o trabajar allí. (2014). In noticiasuniversia.com.pa Recoverd in http://noticias.universia.com.pa/empleo/noticia/2014/05/16/1096894/infografia-30-datos-curiosos-espana-debes-conocer-si-vas-estudair-trabajar-alli.html
José Angel Pérez Calabuig [picture]. (2011). Recovered in http://www.diariosur.es/v/20110821/melilla/calabuig-afirma-cubrira-como-20110821.html
Kingdom of Spain. (2015). In nationsonline.org Recovered in http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/spain.htm
La división social en España. (2015). In imperiodeopinion.mx Recovered in http://imperiodeopinion.blogspot.mx/2011/09/la-division-social-en-espana.html
La Educación española, entre las ocho más afectadas por la crisis en la UE. (2013). In teinteresa.es Recovered in http://www.teinteresa.es/espana/Educacion-espanola-afectadas-crisis-UE_0_886712851.html
La elección de nuevo candidato del PSM arranca hoy en 15 asambleas. (2015). In diariodenavarra.es Recovered in http://www.diariodenavarra.es/noticias/mas_actualidad/nacional/2015/02/18/la_eleccion_nuevo_candidato_del_psm_arranca_hoy_asambleas_195791_1031.html
La elección de un nuevo candidato del PSM arranca este miercoles. (2015). In lainformacion.com Recovered in http://bolsa.lainformacion.com/noticias-actualidad/pulsos/La-eleccion-de-un-nuevo-candidato-del-PSM-arranca-este-miercoles-y-la-decision-se-conocera-el-proxim--0720150218075345.html
Las leyes de aborto en España. (2015). In rtve.es Recovered in http://www.rtve.es/noticias/20150218/leyes-del-aborto-espana-ley-supuestos-1985-plazos-2010/828240.shtml
Las clases sociales en la España del siglo XXI (I): La Clasificación Socioeconómica Europea (ESeC). (2012). In madrimasd.org Recovered in http://www.madrimasd.org/blogs/salud_publica/2012/02/12/133091
Manuel Fernández Castiñeiras [picture]. (2013) Recovered in http://www.catalunyapress.cat/es/notices/2013/01/-en-libertad-provisional-el-ladron-confeso-del-codice-calixtino-74489.php
Mapa político de España [picture]. (2015). Recovered in http://www.zonu.com/fullsize2/2009-12-02-11298/Mapa-Politico-de-Espana.html
Miguel Sebastián propone una España de sólo tres autonomías [picture]. (2014) Recovered in http://www.foroexplayate.com/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=24&t=22905
Monarquia parlamentaria. [picture]. (2015) Recovered in https://jesiialvarez.wordpress.com/2012/09/27/monarquia-parlamentaria/
Ocho apellidos vascos [picture]. (2014). Recovered in http://www.filmaffinity.com/es/film162717.html
Paella de marisco [picture]. (2009). Recovered in http://sevilla.abc.es/tusrecetas/recetas/andalucia/paella-de-marisco.html
Pamplona Bull running [picture]. (2015). Recovered in http://www.spanish-fiestas.com/festivals/san-fermin/
Population of Spain 2014. (2014). In worldpopulationsatatistics.com Recovered in http://www.worldpopulationstatistics.com/population-of-spain-2014/
Quince detenidos en varias provincias por presunto amaño de contratos públicos. (2015). In Lavozdegalicia.com Recovered in http://www.lavozdegalicia.es/noticia/espana/2015/02/17/varios-detenidos-operacion-fraude-contratos-publicos/00031424171700680339761.htm
Saint James. (2015). In stjamesportrichey.org Recovered in http://www.stjamesportrichey.org
Santiago de Compostela: Acogida, Misa y Pastoral de peregrinos [picture]. (2014). Recovered in http://blogs.periodistadigital.com/xpikaza.php/2014/10/29/santiago-de-compostela-acogida-misa-y-pa
Silueta Toro San Fermín [picture]. (2015). Recovered in http://www.flamencoexport.com/descatalogados-es/siluetatorosanferminadhesivos.html
Rtve.es (17 of February 2015). Catorce detenidos por presunto fraude en la adjudicación de contratos públicos. [video]. Recovered in http://www.rtve.es/alacarta/videos/telediario/td1-op-melilla-170215/3002409/
Ruiz Gallardon [picture].(2014). Recovered in http://www.diarioya.es/content/ruizgallardón-presenta-ante-los-comités-asiáticos-la-candidatura-de-madrid-2016
The culture and conformities of Spain and the Spanish people. (2015). In idealspain.com Recovered in http://www.idealspain.com/pages/information/culture.htm
Ver televisión española en diecto [picture]. (2012). Recovered in http://www.parrillatv.com/www-rtve-es-ver-television-espanola-en-directo/cmyk-basico/
Vuelan tomates en las calles de Buñol en su Tomatina. (2015). In lasprovincias.es Recovered in http://www.lasprovincias.es/tomatina/
Women in Spain: The usual amount. (2015). In economist.com Recovered in http://www.economist.com/node/733337
Change in abortion law
General Info
In Madrid, Spain.
18th February 2015 at 13:38 hrs CET
Where?
When?
How?
The government announced changes by a press conference
What and why it happened?
Abortion law in Spain has been in recent years a controversial issue because it is not accepted by all the countries. Abandoning the overall reform changes the law for teen abortions are possible if you have the consent of their parents.
Background
What could have caused it to happen?
Dislikes with other countries and the people of Spain because of their beliefs and ways of thinking.
Visual evidence
This video shows a campaign in favor of abortion.
Important actors
Rafael Hernando
PP spokesman.
He announced changes in the press conference at Madrid.
Alberto Ruiz-Gallardon
Former Minister of Justice.
He was removed from his office because of a past change in the law.
Relation with social aspects
Conclusion
It affects society because now legal abortions in adolescents are legal with the permission of their parents.
Each new is important because their approach, one is focused in controversy caused in other countries, and the other one on the wheel of prey.

Calixtine Code
General Info
Santiago de Compostela.
18th February 2015 at 13:30 hrs CET
Where
When
How?
By analyzing some records documentation.
Who, What and why it happened?
Manuel Fernandez Castiñeiras was arrested and sentenced to ten years at prison for stealing the famous Calixtine code.
Background
What could have caused it to happen?
Visual evidence
Important actors
Remedios Nieto Mayo
Wife of the codex's thief.
Received a conviction of six months.
She knew that the incomes of her husband were illegal.
Relation with social aspects
Conclusion
The election of a new candidate for PSM has already started
General Info
Madrid, Spain.
18th February 2015 at 17:30 hrs
Where
When
How?
By fifteen assemblies socialist militants
Who, What and why it happened?
Socialist government-organized groups are meant choosing a candidate with the purpose of replace Tomás Gómez.
Background
What could have caused it to happen?
Visual evidence
Important actors
Angel Gabilondo
Former minister.
The management has expressed that could lead his candidacy.
Part of one of the 149 socialist groupings.
Amparo Valcarce
Deputy of PSM.
A favorite of the management.
Forms one of the socialist groupings.
Relation with social aspects
Conclusion
Who?
Spain's Government.
Main religion:
Catholic
(Others: Galician, Euskera (Basque), Valencian and Catalan.)
(Others: Muslim, Hebrew, Protestant and Hindu)
(Kingdom of Spain)
Population:
46.815.916
Official language:
Spanish(Castilian).
The calixtine code is the book of Santiago's Cathedral, and it's value is estimate in 2,4 millions of euros. It is a vital part for the culture in Spain.
Social groups
In this video we can appreciate Manuel Fernández Castiñeiras stealing the Calixtine code.
Minority groups
Gender division of work
Social role by age
Taboos
Manuel Fernández Castiñeiras
Electrician.
Calixtine Code's thief.
He was sentenced to 10 years in prison
The Franco regime (1935-1975)

This new affects society because the main religion in Spain is Catholic. The codex has a large actual and nominal value; its importance is a consequence of the significance to the church and the country's habitants.

Each new is important because one of the articles is focused on the value of the code, the other focuses on the judgment and citizens associated with the theft.
38.6 %
12.1 %

14.7 %

34.6 %

The meetings are organized in order to know the terms and proposals of candidates.
This video is about the purpose of the assemblies.
Dictatorship imposed by Francisco Franco against the government of the II Republic, it causes the Civil War (1936-1939) and the death of many people. This is a very dark period in the history of Spain and many Spaniards are ashamed of this, that's why is considered a taboo speaking in a casual talk about it.

It affects the society because the government will asign another PSM candidate, who has new proposals that can affect directly to the socialist society.

Each new is important because we complement and corroborate the information. With one of the news we can know more details about the assemblies and the other one is focused in share information about the favorite candidates.
Interesting things
The
88%
of the population of Spain approve homosexuality.
The estimated lifespan of Spaniards is
82
years.
During the 16th century, Spain was one of the
most powerful empires in the world
.
Spain has a
parliamentary monarchy government
.
The average number of years studied is Spain is
17.3
, above the global average (16.5).
Inmigrants
There is no discrimination to the minority groups, but there are many problems with Catalonia and their individual pride and separatism.
Autonomous communities like:
Catalans
Galicians
Basques
The 34.6% of the population is located in the working class. These act affects this sector of the population it would make people earn less money.
This will also affect the relation between government and people.
A survey in Spanish territory showed that the Spaniards little trust in their government and believe there is little security
These notice is going to affect because is taking that the women have the right to decide about the abortion taking out the decision of the marriage.
This decision will affect because is going again the law propose by the socialist in 2010. The socialism in Spain have a lot of supporters so this decision is causing a lot of controversy.
To Spaniards, tradition is one of the most important parts of their culture.
The social groups also are influenced by the traditions.
To the young Spaniards it is a taboo to speak of the catholic religion, but in the other hand, the 94% of the population of Spain is catholic so this act will affect social groups, so this new impacts the social groups which are linked with the Catholic religion.

The PSOE is a important political organization to Spain because is one of the defensor of the equality between men and women.
The importance of this organization is so big that the act of taking out Tomas Gomez cause that some person get angry to the political party.

Spain is a
diverse country,
the culture is very broad and covers several aspects which influence the population sectors, classifying the people in social groups.
Some of the

social groups of Spain
are:

(culturageneral.net, 2015)
(batanga.com, 2013)
(universia.com, 2014)
(huffingtonpost.es, 2014)
(wordpress.com, 2013)
(imperiodeopinion.mx, 2011)
(sociologyguide.com, 2015)
(memoria.cat, 2015)
(elconfidencial.com, 2015)
(rosamariartal.com, 2010)
(emilymazzoti.org, 2015)
(es.harrypotter.wikia.com, 2015)
(zonu.com, 2015)
(cia.gov, 2015)
(nationsonline.org, 2015)
(worldpopulationstatistics.com, 2014)
(spain.info, 2015)
(spanish-fiestas.com, 2015)
(FilmAffinity.com, 2014)
(parrillatv.com, 2012)
(sevilla.abc.es, 2009)
(fiestaszaragoza.com, 2014)
(flamencoexport.com, 2015)
(periodistadigital.com, 2014)
(foroexplayate.com, 2014)
(madrimasdg.org, 2012)

(Hernández, 2015)
(Hernández, 2015)
(Hernández, 2015)
(Hernández, 2015)
Of population
(Lavozdegalicia.com, 2015)
(Lavozdegalicia.com, 2015)
(Lavozdegalicia.com, 2015)
(Lavozdegalicia.com, 2015)
(rtve.es, 2015)
Example: class 7
(diariosur.es, 2011)
(rtve.es,2015)
(rtve.es,2015)
(rtve.es,2015)
(rtve.es,2015)
(Garea, 2015)
(Garea, 2015)
(Garea, 2015)
(Garea, 2015)
(diarioya.es, 2015)
(elplural.com, 2014)
(elcorreo.com, 2015)
(elcorreo.com, 2015)
(elcorreo.com, 2015)
(elcorreo.com, 2015)
(vizoso, 2015)
(vizoso, 2015)
(vizoso, 2015)
(vizoso, 2015)
(catalunyapress.cat, 2013)
(elcorreogallego.es, 2012)
(lainformacion.com, 2015)
(lainformacion.com, 2015)
(lainformacion.com, 2015)
(lainformacion.com, 2015)
(diariodenavarra.es, 2015)
(diariodenavarra.es, 2015)
(diariodenavarra.es, 2015)
March 2nd, 1808:
Uprising against the French occupation. This event will cause the Spanish War of Independence.
1936-1939:
Civil War. Againts the government of Francisco Franco.
November 20th, 1975:
Francisco Franco's death, marks the end of Franquism.
November 1st, 1700:

Charles II's death, he was the last Habsburg ruler of Spain. He represent the beginning of the spanish decline (biografíasyvidas.com, 2015)
1986:
Spain joins The European Union and in
January, 2002

Spain changes its currency to the Euro.
(diariodenavarra.es, 2015)
(diariodenavarra.es, 2015)
(lainformacion.com, 2015)
(Lavozdegalicia.com, 2015)
(Hernández, 2015)
(rtve.es,2015)
(Garea, 2015)
(elcorreo.com, 2015)
(vizoso, 2015)
(sct.epsa.upv.es, 2014)
(politicaxxi.net, 2015)
(teinteresa.es, 2015)
("Second of May 1808", 1814 by Francisco de Goya)
(revistagenteqroo.com, 2015)
(libertaddigital.com, 2015)
(La Marca, 2012)
(universia.com, 2014)
In Spain from 0 to 18 years you are consider as minor. At 16 you can begin to work, the age to be consider an adult is 18. The retirement age is 67 years.
A very important fact is that nowadays Spain has a very marked division between young and old people, the young people has different ideals and goals than the previous generations, so that makes a radical change in social roles depending on age. Most of the people between 20 to 35 are unemployed. eenagers
Culture
Flamenco
Classical Spanish Dance
Folklore
Eighteenth Century Dance
Classical Ballet Dance
Castanets
Spain is a very diverse country and has a very rich culture:
(Castañuelas españolas, 2014)
(mapsofworld.com, 2014)
*Graph based on the social stratification chart before.
According to the
European socioeconomic classification (ESeC)
The women in Spain are distinguished in labor areas like 2, 3, 7 & 9, some of this categories are part of the higher classes, and men in 1, 4, 5, 6 & 8 areas. There equilibrium of labor is almost balanced.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
(idealspain.com, 2015)

Dress code in Spain
is a modern outlook. The Spaniards use a lot of designer clothes but beside the designer what matters is quality and price.


Typical clothes
depend on the geographical area, they are very variated.
(madrimasd.org, 2012)
(economist.com, 2011)
Bullfighting fans.
Football fans.
Interested in culture (dancers, musicians).
The sport teams.
Religious groups.
Typical Galician clothing
Spain is a rich country in history, traditions, customs, cuisine, and so on. Through this work, we have learned the main festivals in the country and interest facts about its economy, government and social aspects like social groups and stratification.
We do not consider pleasant the ideological difference between the young and the old people. Some aspects that we dislike about Spain are government and economic structure, because both of them are factors which impacts the national crisis.
"Spain is a wonderful country but is going thought a bad moment".

"Estafeta, Pamplona"
(zocalo.com.mx, 2012)
(wordpress.com, 2010)
(spain.info, 2015)
Many women in Spain work, but there is still chauvinism and a lot of work to do to reach equality.
Women started working more because of the crisis to get extra money for their houses, so nowadays is very common the work of the female sector of population.
Festivities
July 25th.
The day of Saint James the Apostle.





(stjamesportrichey.org, 2015)

August.
"La Tomatina" in Valencia.
(lasprovincias.es, 2014)
Culture
Spain is a very diverse country and has a very rich culture:
The spanish music
have a lot of styles, for example Flamenco, Galician and Andalucia genre of music are the typical ones. But nowadays there are many others styes like latin pop.
The dance.
there are 6 main styles:
(idealspain.com, 2015)
(mapsofworld.com, 2014)
Culture

The
film industry
is also is one of things that Spaniards have done is the best. This industry has a lot of fans around the world.

Bull Fighting
is a very important tradition in Spain. One of the most important exponents of this festivity is The Pamplona Bull Run, which is in 7 to 14 of July.





Spain is a very diverse country and has a very rich culture:
(zocalo.com.mx, 2012)
(geo.tv, 2013)
(idealspain.com, 2015)
(mapsofworld.com, 2014)
(elconfidencial.com, 2015)
(wordpress.com, 2015)
(wordpress.com, 2015)
(elpaís.com, 2015)
(periodistadigital.com, 2015)
(abc.es, 2015)
(elplural.com, 2015)
Drugs
Some drugs as the Cannabis are forbidden in Spain, so using them is considered a taboo.
Taboos
(rosamariartal.com, 2010)
(thedailyblog.co, 2015)
(libco.org, 2015)

It is a big dilemma because the Catalan separatism hurts the Spanish pride and nacionalism. Spaniards has the idea of "All that makes Catalonia goes against Spain" so, defending the Catalan ideology is considered a taboo by Spaniards of many autonomous communities.
Catalonia
Taboos
(wordpress.com, 2013)
(rosamariartal.com, 2010)
(memoria.cat, 2015)
(elconfidencial.com, 2015)
*Classes taken into account for the graph.
Full transcript