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How the Media, Pornography and Pimp Culture Perpetuate Child Sex Trafficking

This Prezi was prepared for the "Freedom in Action" Conference at UC Berkeley on March 8, 2014. This presentation focuses on the role media, advertising, pornography, and pimp culture perpetuate child sex trafficking.
by

H.E.A.T. Watch

on 8 March 2014

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Transcript of How the Media, Pornography and Pimp Culture Perpetuate Child Sex Trafficking

How the Media, Pornography and Pimp Culture Perpetuate Child Sex Trafficking

Images and messages that portray the sexual objectification, exploitation, and violence of women and girls as normal.
What is CSEC?
The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children
Types of CSEC/Sex Trafficking
Child porn
Cyber-enticement
Sex tourism
Forced prostitution of an under-aged minor
Familial prostitution of children
The Link Between Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) and CSEC
CSA
CSEC
ONE Victim & ONE Offender
ONE Victim & MANY Offenders
The Media Portrays Two Characteristics of CSEC Frequently and Publicly:
Sexualization
Control
Sexualization
Made to Look Like a Child
The Impact of Images of Youth on Adults and Children
Youth = Sexual Maturity
Affects our perception of adults and children
Adults: validates dangerous perception that children are "fair game" as sexual partners
Children: makes sexual personality something to aspire to
In Advertising: "Age Compression"
Adults made to look like kids
Kids made to look like adults
Promoting Sexuality In Youth
Toys marketed to girls illustrate subtle sexuality.
What Barbie would look like if she were a real girl.
Porn and it's Availability to Under-aged Youth
Porn dangerously portrays sexuality in inaccurate/unrealistic ways
Exposure to porn and sexual violence are correlated
On average, boys are first exposed to porn at age 11
For some, habitual porn use may prompt a desire for more deviant material (rape, torture, humiliation)
If people seek to act out what they see, they may be more likely to commit sexual assault or CSA
Youth are also more likely to engage in sex at a younger age/have casual, unprotected sex
Impact of Porn and Sexually Explicit Images on Youth
The "New Sex Education"
Casual Sex
Domination & Submission
Gender Violence
Have Sex at a Young Age
Sex is Not Important
Why Should We Be Worried About the Sexualization of Youth?
Brain Development in Children Who Watch (Sexually) Violent Media Images
Mirror Neurons/Copycat Cells
Falling Age of Puberty in the US
Children who watch violent TV, increase the probability that they will behave violently
Consequences include increased risk of breast cancer, and high-risk behavior in later adolescence
Early maturing girls are likely to experience violent victimization and psychopathologyies
Control
Impact of Sexually Violent Imagery
Creates a false perception that a child's worth is tied to his/her sexuality
Degrades their emotional and mental well-being
Decreases their cognitive performance
Limits girls' physical performance
What Comes to Mind When You See These Words?
PIMP
PLAYER
PROSTITUTE
HO
JOHN
Do they have positive or negative connotations?
What is Pimp Culture?
It's part of rape culture
By glorifying the pimp, you glorify the perpetrator: "sexual violence is OK"
How We Glorify Pimp Culture
Music
50 Cent - "P.I.M.P"
(Excerpt)
"
I ain't that n**** trying to holla cause I want some h**d, I'm that n**** trying to holla cause I want some bread. I could care less how she perform when she in the bed, B**** hit that track, catch a date, and come and pay the kid. Look baby this is simple, you can't see, You f****** with me, you f****** with a P-I-M-P
".

(Excerpt) "You know it's hard out here for a pimp, When he tryin' to get this money for the rent, For the Cadillacs and gas money spent, Because a whole lot of b****** talkin' shit.

You know it's hard out here for a pimp,
When he tryin' to get this money for the rent,
For the Cadillacs and gas money spent,
Will have a whole lot of b****** jumpin' ship".
Three 6 Mafia - "It's Hard Out Here for a Pimp"
Won an Oscar in 2006 for Best Original Song in "Hustle and Flow"
Games
Pimps & Hos
Saints Row: The Third
Grand Theft Auto
There are YouTube videos teaching you how to kill a prostitute
Product Marketing
Pimp My Ride (TV Show)
PimpJuice (Energy Drink)
Pimp My Gun (Build Weapons from Scratch)
Lost Angels and Kings (Pimps & Ho's Clothing Line)
"Phat Pimp" Halloween Costume for Kids
Literature
Some of Pimpin' Ken's 48 Laws of the Pimping:
Don’t Chase ‘Em, Replace ‘Em
Prey on the Weak
When Pimpin’ Begins, Friendship Ends
Learn the Rules
Plan Your Work and Work Your Plan
Ain’t No Love in this Sh*t
Say What You Mean and Mean What You Say
Keep Your Game on the Low
Wreck a Hater
Pimpin’ Is What You Do, Not Who You Are
The Players' Ball
Movies that feature the "Players Ball"
Famous Rappers/Artists that Have Performed at the "Players Ball"
Snoop Lion
E-40
Ice Cube
Too Short
Slick Rick
Flavor Flav (MC)
Cypress Hill
Ice-T
Controversies
He won 2 "Pimp of the Year" Awards
Celebrities Who Used to be Pimps
How Pimp Culture Affects Men and Women
"It was never about the money; it was about the fascination of being a pimp... As a kid I dreamed of being a pimp, I dreamed of having cars and clothes and [women] to match."

-Rolling Stones Magazine Interview (2013)
Ice.T
Too$hort
Hugh Hefner
Xzibit
Bishop Don Magic Juan
Snoop Lion
Teaches boys to view girls as sexual objects
Creates myths/misconceptions about pimp culture, thereby perpetuating CSEC amongst youth
...In Reality
Sexual Exploitation/CSEC is NOT glamorous
victims rarely keep profits
Force, fear, coercion
Bound by "Rules of the Game"
STDs/STIs, pregnancy, HIV/AIDS, violence, death
CSEC is NOT a choice and they can't just "leave the life"
Grooming process
Pimps target vulnerable victims
US Federal Law makes it impossible for a minor to consent to sexual activity and prostitution
Normalization of Porn, Sexual Violence, and Pimp Culture Through the Media
What is Normalization?
Idea goes from clearly problematic to
an accepted part of societal culture
Impact
Impedes healthy relationships and responsible sexuality
Condones and creates an appetite for sexual harassment and abuse
watching is like acting to the brain
Victimization of women/girls is growing
Porn and sexually violent images are used to perpetuate, trick, manipulate, "teach", and SILENCE
Healthy vs. Harmful
Alternative Messages
Sexy images don't have to be statements of power and control
Healthy images present sexuality with a sense of caring, connectedness, and respect
It suggests intimacy is one part of a relationship, rather than all of it
There is a vast spectrum of sexual content, and lines are difficult to draw
"Hop" the Movie
Miley Cyrus Pole Dancing
"Blurred Lines" by Robin Thicke
Kids movie, where lead character "Hop" visits the Playboy Mansion on his journey to becoming the Easter Bunny
"Hannah Montana" pole-dancing at MTV Teen Choice Awards in 2009
Pop song referring to ambiguous sexual consent vs. playful teasing
Where Do We Draw the Line?
"Loungerie"
Katy Perry on Sesame Street
Constant Pushing of Boundaries Has Changed Our Collective Sense of What's Acceptable
Attractive Sexy Objectified Pornified

The Objectification of Women in Advertising Over Time
1890s
1900s
1920s
1943
1950s
1960s
1970s
1980s
1990s
2000s
Sexual violence is not inevitable. It is preventable.

Ads that Challenge Stereotypes
Keep Her In the Game (Gatorade)
Labels Against Women (Pantene)
Real Beauty (Dove)
Agencies Empowering Girls with Alternative Messaging
About Face
I Am That Girl
The Representation Project
What YOU Can Do to Break the Cycle
Porn is not offered as an amenity/service
Focus on criminal activity, not the victim
Name the harm: CSA, CSEC, Violence Against Women
Have courageous conversations
Provide alternative images of healthy relationships
Additional Research & Resources
The Normalization of Sexual Harm and the Sexualization of Children:
http://www.health.state.mn.us/injury/docs/Normalization_of_Sexual_Harm_Fact_Sheet.pdf
The Impact of Pornography:
http://www.cordeliaanderson.com/Pornography
Stop Porn Culture:
http://www.stoppornculture.org;
Prostitution Research and Education:
http://prostitutionresearch.com/
Violent Video Games Alter Brain Function in Young Men, Indianna University Study (2011):
http://communications.medicine.iu.edu/newsroom/stories/2011/violent-video-games-alter-brain-function-in-young-men/
Online Victimization of Youth (Five Years Later), NCMEC, CACRC, OJJDP:
http://www.unh.edu/ccrc/pdf/CV138.pdf
The falling age of puberty in girls in the US., Breast Cancer Fund:
http://www.breastcancerfund.org/assets/pdfs/publications/falling-age-of-puberty.pdf
About Human Trafficking (Alameda County District Attorney's Office, H.E.A.T. Watch Program):
http://www.heat-watch.org/human_trafficking/
Thank You!
Alameda County District Attorney's Office,
Human Exploitation and Trafficking (H.E.A.T. Watch)
www.heat-watch.org
“Little girls are being groomed into passively accepting their place as objects in our pornified culture, and boys are being taught exploitative and abusive sexual scripts.”

-
Cordelia Anderson, Founder,
Sensibilities Prevention Services.

1. Juliet B. Schor,
Born to Buy: The Commercialized Child And The New Consumer Culture
, New York: Scribner, page 55.
2. Parents Television Council, “TV’s Newest Target, Teen Sexual Exploitation: The Prevalence and Trivialization of Teen Sexual Exploitation on TV,” Parents Television Council Special Report, 4EveryGirl, July 2013.

3. Michael Flood, “Harms of Pornography Exposure Among Children & Young People,” Special Issue: Special Issue on Gender and Child Harm Volume 18, Issue 6, pages 384–400.
4. Chandra et al Longitudinal Survey of Youth, Pediatrics ,122, No. 5, 2008, pp. 1047‐1054.Children’s Hospital Boston Study, presented at the Pediatric Academic Societies, May 4, 2009.
5. Kimberly J. Mitchell and Michele L. Ybarra, “Exposure to Internet Pornography among Children and Adolescents: A National Survey” CYBERPSYCHOLOGY & BEHAVIOR, Volume 8, Number 5, 2005.
6. W. L. Marshall, "The Use of Sexually Explicit Stimuli by Rapists, Child Molesters, and Nonoffenders," The Journal of Sex Research 25, no.2 (May 1988): 267-88.
7. Ann Curley “Teens who saw tobacco ads more likely to smoke,” The Chart, CNN January 17th, 2011.
8. "Greater Exposure to Sexual Content in Popular Movies Predicts Earlier Sexual Debut and Increased Sexual Risk Taking” Psychological Science, 2012.
9. Yang Wang, “One Week of Violent Video Game Play Alters Prefrontal Activity,” ISP: Neuroradiology (Cognition II), December 02 2011.
10. Sandra Blakeslee,"Cells That Read Minds." The New York Times, The New York Times, 10 Jan. 2006.
11. Sandra Steingraber, “The Falling Age of Puberty in U.S. Girls: What We Know” Breast Cancer Fund, August 2007.
12. Report of the American Psychological Association Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls. 2007. pp. 22‐25.
Inspired by Bishop Don "Magic" Juan
13. Pimpin' Ken, and Karen Hunter. Pimpology: The 48 Laws of the Game. New York: Simon Spotlight Entertainment, 2007.
14. Robert Greene, and Joost Elffers. The 48 Laws of Power. New York: Penguin, 2000.
"Snoop Lion Opens Up About His Pimp Past." Rolling Stone. N.p., n.d. Web.
16. Megan Annitto, “Consent, Coercion, and Compassion: Emerging Legal Responses to the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Minors,” Yale Law & Policy Review.
17. The Shapiro Group, “Adolescent Girls in the Minnesota Sex Trade”, Women’s Funding Network and A Future. Not a Past., 2010.
18. Janis Wolak, Kimberly Mitchell, and David Finkelhor, “Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later” The National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, 2006.
"Evolution" (Dove)
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