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Race and Ethnicity

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Ana Gomez

on 16 October 2012

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Transcript of Race and Ethnicity

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Ana Gomez, Juan Gonzalez, Karen Cardona & Beatriz Rodriguez Race & Ethnicity Economic expansion impacted social change dramatically from the late 1800's and early 1900's . there was also a rapid shift from rural to urban populations. 1800-1900 The united states in a diverse country, racially and ethnically. Six races are oficially recognized:
American Indian
Black or African American
Native Hawiian
Pacific islanders
But in 2000, the u.s census dealt with a big problem because of the mix of new ethnicities. *An average, estimate that 25% of Americans are gay or lesbian. More specifically, over half of Americans (52%) estimate that at least one in five Americans are gay or lesbian.*Across most of the United States, it is perfectly legal to fire someone from their job solely because of their sexual orientation or gender identity. Federal law could remedy this sorry state, but for the last several years, Congress has been unable to agree on legislation that would outlaw discrimination in the workplace based on real or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity. Before 1800, a person's race was often synonymous with his/hers ethnicity, national citizenship, or religion.
Cultural and ethnic concept of race persisted until the 19th century.
The appearance of Darwinism changed western philosophical framework by introducing into society a scientific worldview of evolution and progress. Race and Ethnicity in the U.S Native americans were the first settlers of what is now the United States. Most anthropologists believe they came from Asia 30,000 years ago. Today they are a small minority. African Americans constitute approximately 13% of the U.S population. Blacks are for the most part descendants of slaves brought over to the U.S from Guinea in Africa. the first ship of slaves arrived in Virginia in 1619. By 1808 importation of slaves was illegal. Hispanics are the largest minority group in the U.S. About 67% gave Mexico as their place or origin, 9% Puerto Rico, 4% Cuba and the remaining 20% gave other countries. Ethnicity is more subjectively defined. Most sociologists are more comfortable in engaging in scientific discourses that refers to ethnicity. Although similar to the construction of race, social stratification theory shows that an ethnic group refers to discernable differences in cultural mores, such as dialect, religion, and traditions, and sometimes physical characteristics such as skin color and body shape. The difference between ethnicity and race is that a person from a different genotype and/or phenotype can be raised in an ethnic tradition that differs from that of their ancestors. An African-American could be raised in a Jewish household, for example, and identify with Jewish cultural traditions, although the outward appearances between the child and the adopted family may differ. In addition, a biracial child borne of an American Indian mother and a Chinese father, for example, would be able to choose which of these ethnic identities formed the basis for their own ethic identity and define themselves accordingly, regardless of genotype or phenotype. Ethnicity is primarily a label or set of symbolic ties that is used for political advantage-much like interest group membership or political party affiliation. Ethnicity may be a powerful and frequently used political tool, but according to instrumentalists this does not distinguish ethnicity fundamentally from other political affiliations. It follows from the instrumentalist approach that the lessons drawn from ethnic conflicts can often-perhaps always-be applied to other sorts of conflicts. If politicized ethnicity is not inherently different than other forms of political manipulation, ethnic conflict should not necessarily be different than other conflicts based on interest or ideology. In this view, ethnic conflict, however prevalent, is part of the larger conflict process. The other perspective of Race & Ethnicity *People should be judged at work by their performance, not by whom they love.In 35 states it is perfectly legal to fire someone because of their real or perceived sexual orientation. And in even more states, there is little or no protection against discrimination based on gender identity. Otherwise qualified individuals can also be denied job opportunities or promotions with absolutely no legal recourse. *Adoption:Same sex couples face several unique legal issues when they decide to become a family with children. Special rules apply to gay and lesbian adoption in many states. *Florida adoption law does not prohibit gays or lesbians from serving as foster parents, but it does prevent such parents from adopting their foster children.*
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