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OFFICE ERGONOMICS 2013

QATAR ORYX GTL 27/28 NOV. 2013
by

Tom Van Dijk

on 13 January 2014

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Transcript of OFFICE ERGONOMICS 2013

OFFICE ERGONOMICS 2013
INTRODUCTION:
What is wrong with with this picture
Certificate Award
I AM TOM VAN DIJK

PHYSICAL THERAPIST BA NETHERLANDS
SPECIALIZM ERGONOMICS AND SPORTS
1994 KVD PROJECTERGONOMICS

IN 2001 I START 4U SOLUTIONS BV

20 YEARS OF EXPERIENCE IN THE FIELD
PASSION FOR ERGONOMICS :>)
AGENDA FOR TODAY:

DEFINITION OF ERGONOMICS
HISTORY OF ERGONOMICS
WHY ERGONOMICS??
WRULD/MSD/RSI/CANS
LEGISLATION OFFICE ERGONOMICS QATAR
PERSONAL EXPERIENCE WITH QATAR LEGISLATION OR IN PRACTICE
10.45, 15 MINUTES BREAK
LEGISLATION OFFICE ERGONOMICS NETHERLANDS AND EUROPE
( EASYFWD PREZI )
SMALL MOVIE ABOUT IMPROVING THE WORKSPACE IN 5 MINUTES
END OF THE DAY A ROUND QUESTION?


DEFINTION OF ERGONOMICS BY THE INTERNATIONAL ERGONOMICS ASSOCIATION:
Ergonomics is the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of interactions among humans and other elements of a system, and the profession that applies theory, principles, data and methods to design in order to optimize human well-being and overall system performance.
HISTORY OF ERGONOMICS WHY?
IF YOU LEARN THE HISTORY, YOU WIL UNDERSTAND THE PRESENT
COMPUTER EQUIPMENT NEN-ISO 9241-3/EN 29241-3
OFFICE CHAIR NPR 1813/NEN-EN 1335
WORKING DESK NEN 2449/NPR 1813/DIN 4556
OFFICE SPACE NEN 1824
PARTITIONS NEN-EN 1023-1
REQUIREMENTS OF THE DURATION DOING COMPUTERWORK ARTICLE 4 IN COMPUTERWORK NEN-EN NORM
Wojciech Jastrzebowski 1857
Greek and early Egyptian time
Frederik Winslow Taylor 19th century
Frank and Lillian Gilbreth early 1900's
World War 1 and automobile industry
World War II
Hawthor and motivation effects
Fitts and Jones 1947
Modern ergonomics in the war industry
Why Ergonomics??
To start with the Netherlands
Productivity increase was the main goal of ergonomics in the beginning
Ergonomy is now much more health and money driven
WRULD/MSD/RSI/ CANS all names for complaints in the area arm,neck and shoulder.
And.... low back pain
Ergonomic statement:
The focus is to design the job to fit the person rather than forcing the person to fit the job
The product does not determine the ergonomic design, the user does
Symptoms of complaints and the three fases
pain
discomfort
numbness
tingling sensation
radiating pain from neck or lower back
swet
cold
swelling
decreased mobility
decreased strength and grip
change of skin color hands and fingers
Fase 1:
You feel discomfort but you can still do your work and has no DL limitations
Fase 2:
Again you feel discomfort and more and more on regular base you have to stop working. You feel pain, numbness, tingling and cold sensations, but they go away after a while on the same day
Fase 3:
Pain is always there and you are limited in your work and in your DL pattern.
In particulary take notice for people who has a perfectionic attitude.
Qatar guidelines / legislation office ergonomics
Office workspace
Room to move around the workplace
Circulation room between employees and workplaces
Using partition walls
Flight routes
Climat
Office chair and its geomatric measurments
Working desk
Sit and stand working desk
Reception
Indoor light (lux meter)
Sun light
Cable management
Office ergonomics accessoiries (when necessary)
Working desk in the room
PC Letter type
PC screen
Keyboard and mouse
Improve your workplace in 5 minutes
Agenda for today

Some regulations and legislations from yesterday
The unexpected ...?
How do we stay healthy today?
What kind of diseases can occure when we move too little
So what is the real challenge in the office
10.45, 15 minute break
What makes a solid and good ergonomic/prevention policy
How to make a priority list and when is something a risk. The Fine and Kinney method
How to bring office ergonomics at the workplace
Practice
Prezi EasyAnalyse
The new work and two short movies
Examen : > (
If time two extra's


Requirements for the duration of working with the computer. Presentation of EasyFWD in prezi.
AND I AM HPP ....:>)
INTRODUCING PARTICIPANTS
Thanks for your attention
see you tomorrow
Fine and Kinney Risk model
Formula: Risk = Severity x Exposure x Probability

Probality:
To expect 10
A serious possibilty 6
Uncommon but possible 3
Only possible if marginal case 1
Imaginable but very unlikely 0,5
Practically impossible 0,2
Almost unthinkable 0,1

Exposure:
Continuously in direct acces 10
Continuously in indirect acces (6*)
Regular - daily 6
Occasional - weekly 3
Uncommon - not uncommon - monthly 2
Rare - only a few times a year 1
Very rare - once a year 0,5

Severity:
Catastrofe lots of death 100
Disaster multiple death damage > 10.000.000 40
Very severe 1 death damage between 5.000.000 and 10.000.000 15
(Severe) loss arm or leg (10)
Severe Invalidity, irreversibel, damage (loss hand or foot) damage between 1.000.000 and 4.000.000 7
(Severe) (loss finger or toe) (5)
Important damage with hindrance damage 10.000 and 100.000 3
Small danage without hindrance damage < 10.000 1

Risk index:
R < 20 very limited risk acceptable
20 < R < 40 risk possible pay attention
70 < R < 200 serious risk measurements necessary
200 < R < 400 High risk immediate improvement is required
R > 400 Very high risk immediate stop work
Some regulations and legislations from yesterday
How many M2 per workplace and office wise
Office chair
Working desk
Working desk placed in the room
Reception
Inner and outer light
Cable management
Ergonomic accessoiries
Requirements on time duration when working with the computer
The unexpected ....???
How do we stay healthy in the office today?
What kind of diseases can occure when we move too little
Diseases which can occur:
Obese
Diabetes
WRULD/MSD/RSI/CANS
Low back pain
Blood circulation problems
Hart problems
and so on ....
Possibilties to stimulate movement in the office
Sit and stand tables
Taking breaks naturally or by reminder
Use lunchtime also as walktime
Use a chair with tilt mechanism
Do simple excersises behind the working desk
Gym palace
Install a reminder software
Try a sit ball or swop chair for lower back problems
Fitbit
And so on.....
So what is the real challenge in the office?
What makes a solid and good ergonomic prevention policy
A good solid ergonomic prevention policy needs:
Finesse
Speed
Repeating
Creates awareness
A priority list and acting
How to make a priority list and when can we talk about risk. Fine and Kinney method
How to bring office ergonomics over at the workplace
Practice
How to bring ergonomics in practice
You can see from a distance when the chair is wrongly setup
The clip trick
Take the office chair and set it up wrongly
Show what inner light and outer light can do and why it has an effect on posture
Tell what is the use of a break. Blood circulation will recover after only 10 secounds. So imagine what it does when you are 1 minute away from the desk
Use break software. In the Scandinavian part of Europe almost 40% is using it and it is growing
To create awareness let them feel it, don't force it!

Now we go outside and take two pictures of a workplace which to you is wrongly designed or used.
Prezi EasyAnalyse how it can help
The new work 2013
Ten questions to see if you paid attention

1) Why was ergonomics so important in WWII and WWI?
2) Why is ergonomics such a big issue in Europe and then especially in the Scandinavian part?
3) What are 7 benefits of ergonomics?
4) Does Qatar has any guidelines or legislation when it comes to Office Ergonomics?
5) What is nowadays the big challenge in Office Ergonomics and why?
6) How much more percentage of pressure on your lower back do you have in sitting position
comparing to standing up position?
7) What 5 points do you need for a ergonomic policy?
8) Is it important to measure risk in numbers and how do you do that?
9) Is this right or wrong?
10) What are the advantages of taking breaks?

Welcome to the secound day of the course Office Ergonomics.
Extra's movies
Information overload
Watch your back
Good luck with Office Ergonomics and bring it on
Bring it over!!
European and Dutch NEN/EN/Arbo legislation at the office workplace 1993
The end
Benefits of ergonomics
reduces costs
reduces injuries
improves productivity
improves product quality
increases employee engagement
creates a better company prevention culture
creates a better and healthier environment
reduces absenteeism
no fines or claims
Costs per sick or injured employee per day are: Qr.2.564,35
Full transcript