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Text Structure:

by Nancy Bradley
by

on 9 December 2016

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Transcript of Text Structure:

Text Structure--
helping you to race down the track to better comprehension

Why study text structure?
Understanding text structure gives the reader a better way to determine important information when reading nonfiction.
Sequence
Sequence describes items or events in order, or it tells the steps to follow in order to make something.

For example:
a sequence of events
a series of steps in a process
Descriptive:
The author describes information about topics, objects, or people
Main ideas are supported by descriptive details
Examples of characteristics are given to support main ideas
Problem and Solution
Identifies the problem and the solution to the problem.
Compare and Contrast:
Shows how two or more things are alike and how they are different.
What exactly is text structure?
Text structure is a way to organize information on a page so you can grasp the meaning more easily.
There are 5 text structure examples that we will examine today.
Sequence
Description
Compare & Contrast
Cause & Effect
Problem & Solution
Sequence example
First, I make sure that my race car has plenty of fuel and is in tip top shape. Next, I inspect the tires in case they are in need of repair. If everything is in order, I grab my keys and start my engine. Finally, I begin my laps.
There are transition words that signal the reader as to what type of text structure applies to the passage.
Transition words that signal Sequence text structure:

now at the same time
suddenly at last
to begin with following
next immediately
last soon
finally eventually

Graphic organizers can also help you to understand nonfiction texts.
Transition words that signal Descriptive text structure:
For example,
For instance,
Characteristics include
Specifically
In addition,
To illustrate
Most important
Descriptive Graphic Organizer
Example:
Example:
It seems like there has been an increase in the number of teen driving accidents in the past several years. After further investigation, it appears that teens who text while they drive were responsible for the increase in traffic accidents. Fortunately, launching a media campaign explaining this problem has helped to bring awareness to teens. In addition, passing laws to restrict texting while driving may also be help to decrease these accidents.
Transition words that signal Problem and Solution text structure:
problem
issue
cause
since
consequently
as a result
therefore
because of
so
then
Problem and Solution Graphic Organizer
Example:

Transition words that signal Compare and Contrast text structure:
like
in contrast
however
likewise
unlike
both
as well as
on the other hand
but
also/too
similarly
Auto racing is a popular, fast-paced sport. NASCAR and Formula 1 (or F1) draw large audiences on television, radio and at live events. Spectators are drawn by the speed, competition, danger, and dazzling displays of automotive machinery and the drivers behind the wheels. However, NASCAR and F1 are distinguished in a number of ways. The style of car chassis is very different, they conduct races in significantly different ways, and the rules each organization follows makes for a very different driving experience.


Graphic Organizer
Cause & Effect
Cause is why something happened. Effect is what happened. (Sometimes the effect is listed first.) In other words, it is the relationship between two things when one thing makes something else happen.
Example:
Vehicle engines must have an appropriate amount of air and fuel to run. An engine flooded with too much fuel will not start normally. Cars with carburetor engines commonly flood with fuel, but it can also occur on vehicles with fuel injection systems.

Cause: engine flooded with too much fuel
Effect: car will not start
Transition words that signal Cause and Effect text structure:
so
because
since
therefore
If....then
this led to
reason why
as a result
may be due to
effect of
consequently
for this reason
Graphic Organizer
Formula F1 race cars have specific characteristics. The F1 is an aerodynamically designed, open-wheeled, single seated race car with an open cock pit. The F1 specifications are regulated by the Federation Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA).
Descriptive Language includes:
sensory images- What can you see, hear, smell, touch, and taste?
similes
metaphors
strong verbs
Show not Tell description
Full transcript