Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Lebanon -

No description
by

Patricia Saad

on 9 November 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Lebanon -

Lebanon
Culture and Traditions
Music and Instruments
Geography
History
Lebanon derived LBN
first appeared in Egyptian text, 3,000 BC
Orginally "Lebna-a-il" from Assyrian,
Egyptians: "highland moutains of Phoenicia"
Other meaning: "scent of the cedars"

Beirut, first appeared in Elba text, 2,400 BC
founded 5,000 years ago.
"phoenix city" - rebuilt seven times!
Birth and Mourning
When a child is born, Meghli is prepared. Made flavoured rice pudding, spiced with cinnamon, anise and caraway, decorated with nuts.
When a child's first tooth appears, we make snayniyeh, dish made of hulled wheat, pomegranate, orange-blossom water and nuts.

After an immediate family member passes away, black clothing is worn for min. of 1 yr, usually 2+.
Other Traditions
Fortune telling is done with the remaining coffee grinds of traditional Arabic coffee. The coffee cup is turned upside down for a minimum of 5 minutes and fortune told from the “symbols” marked on the sides of the cup.

"The Evil Eye": meeting someone with blue eyes and a gap in their teeth can cause extreme bad. To avoid this, when complimenting someone, knock on wood or say "Ism el Salib" (in the name of the Cross), "Mashallah" (God willing) or "Yighzi el Aayn" (Make your eyes healthy").
Occupations
10,452 sq. km. > GTA (7,124 km²) but barely!
Population 4.4 million in 2012
(Christians: 41.5 %, Muslims: 60%, Other: 0.3%)
15 million outside of Lebanon
Brazil: 7 million, Canada: 250 000


Martyr's Square - Beirut
first 2,500 years: independent
Persia
Greeks
Romans (461 years)
Byzantine
Umayyads
Fatimids
Seljuks
Crusaders
Mamluks
Ottamans (409 years)
French (22 years)


Independence: November 22, 1943
Dialects
difference between written and spoken Arabic, "diglossia"
written: "Modern Standard Arabic", universal
spoken: defined by region, different variations of this Semitic language
3 general dialects:
Arabian: Saudi Arabia,
sub-dialects: Bahraini, Gulf and Hejazi
Egyptian: most common
Levantine: one variety is Lebanese
simple sentence style and structure
In Lebanon, speak mixture of three languages:
Past: Elites: Turkish, Muslims: Arabic,
Christians: Syriac.
Today: Arabic, English and French
ex. Hi, Kifik? Ça va


Weddings
The Two Z's:
zaffeh :
traditionally marked end of wedding, today part of the reception.
groom and bride escorted by dancers, gypsy musicians, sword players.
includes dabkeh.
zalghouta:
high-pitched ululating sound, marks the end of bachelor hood.
verses in between, beginning with
"Eh weeha..."

Rice and petals also thrown at the bride and groom.
Food and Drinks
Mezza: traditional way dinner table is set
equivalent to appetizers, samples various dishes including hommos, baba ghanouj

Arak is the traditional alcoholic beverage.
distilled grapes and flavoured with anise seeds, resembles taste of black licorice.

Eat a lot of unripe fruit (citrus taste) , including grapes (hosrom) and plums (janerik), pistachios and almonds.

But love sweets! Kneffeh, Znoud el Sit (Lady's Arms), Kol w Skhkor (Eat and say Thanks), etc.
Tablah, small hand drum.
Also known as darbukah.
Il Qanun, descendent of the Egyptian Harp.
Al 'Oud, litteraly meaning "branch of wood". Lute in English.
Il Naay, simple open ended reed instrument.
Raouche/Pigeon Rocks
Beirut
Saint George Cathedral
El Omri Mosque
Maghen Abraham Synagogue
rue Sursock
Holy See of Cilicia - Beirut
(Armenian Apostolic Catholicosate)
(Ashrafieh)
National Musuem of Beirut
Baalbek
Entrance to Bacchus Temple
Entrance to Temple of Bacchus
Temple of Bacchus
Temple of Jupiter
Best preserved temple in the world, bigger than the Parthenon.
Byblos/Jbeil
Byblos Souks
Byblos Ruins
Byblos Port
not sure if oldest city in the world, but definitely the longest inhabited city
Faraya - Faqra
Jeita Grottos
Beit Ed-Dine
The Cedars
Tyre/Sour
Deir el Qamar
Sidon/Saida
third largest city in Lebanon
Sea Castles built by the Crusaders, AD1228
Khan El Franj : Center for Education and Health Care and Conservation of Historic Sites
fourth largest city, largest port
1962, discovered Old Necropolis: old coffins from Roman and Byzantine eras
Roman Hippodrome: horse racing, Emperor political discussions
Phoenician port
Roman Hippodrome
Old Nicropolis
Phoenician Temple Ruins
Roman Tower Ruins
Kfardebian natural bridge
Faraya Ski Slope
40 minutes from Beirut. natural bridge formed through wind and erosion, 38 m.
Caves in near Nahr el Kalb valley
Upper and lower cave
Can only go through lower cave in a little boat, since it channels an underground river
Upper cave: largest known stalactite
symbol of Lebanon
"Arz el Rab": cedars of the Lord
2,000 years old
Region of Bcharre and Qadisha
Built in 19th century, 30 yrs
Traditional Lebanese and Italian architecture
Summer home of the President
"Monastery of the moon"
originally a Muslim and Christian community, today 80% Christian
First city in Lebanon to have a municipality, 1864
Birth place of many writers and poets
Corniche
Famous Lebs
Kathy Ann Najimy
Karl Wolf
Massari
Shakira
Zuhair Murad
Elie Saab
Nazem Kadri
Kristina Maria
Shannon Elizabeth
Fadal
Tony Shalhoub
Salma Hayek
Full transcript