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SOAN101 Relations of Exchange

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by

Julie Jenkins

on 2 March 2015

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Transcript of SOAN101 Relations of Exchange

Relations of Exchange
How did the highlanders react to the leahys, and how did the Leahys react to them?
-What sort of stereotypes did each side in the encounter draw on to understand the people they met?
-Despite their differences, what did they have in common?
-What role did violence and sex play in fist contact? What are your reactions to it?
Subsistence Strategies
-Foraging
-Pastoralism
-Horticulture
-Agriculture
-Industrialism
What strategies did the Gebusi use?
-reciprocity at the "heart of social life, maintaining a balance between giving and getting, between acting and being acted upon"
Reciprocity
-balanced- obligation to return the gift to gain access to valued goods while strengthening social relationships
Reciprocity
-generalized - distribution of goods where no overt account is kept
-ideally altruistic
Reciprocity-
-negative - trade is conducted for the purpose of material advantage and is based on the desire to get something for nothing or better bargain.
Redistribution-
-goods collected from or contributed by members of a groups then redistributed in a new pattern
Other PNG societies
-"Big Men" - self-made charismatic leaders
Market Exchange-
-goods/services bought and sold at a money price
-determined by forces of supply & demand??
Are all people cross-culturally motivated by "rational choice" economically, i.e. maximizing profits?
What do cultural anthropologists do??
Ethnography
The account of a culture or subculture based on research/fieldwork.
Qualitative Methods
Structured or unstructured
“using conversation with informants largely to discover the appropriate questions to ask” (Cohen 1984)
What kinds of problems may arise if one only uses interview techniques?
Interviews
Problems:
-Lying
-People tend to talk about culture in a generic way
-Do not get a sense of what people actually do
Participant Observation
to "grasp the native's point of view" - Malinowski
Emic Perspective (rather than Etic)
What kinds of problems did Knaft encounter?
Culture Shock
Rapport
Overcoming their biases of researchers
Overcoming our cultural biases
To what extent does Knaft present the Gebusi as "noble savages"? Why?
countering the hegemonic meaning placed on peoples of PNG
Full transcript