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Creativity in Education

A brief introduction into why creativity is important in education and throughout our lives- as well as a few pointers on what it is (and isn't!). There's even a few simple, practical things you can do to become more creative yourself.
by

Carrie Thornthwaite

on 24 June 2015

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Transcript of Creativity in Education

WHY
bother looking at creativity ?
Let me share
with you...
I'm sorry,
students
W0w,
I should have known!
embarrassed
Of course!
THEOREM ONE :
There are certain behaviors, attitudes and skills present in children that are useful in adults...like creativity... and yet...
STATEMENT ONE :
Children are different to adults!
less embarrassed
more likely to draw
less inhibited about drawing, or acting, or trying most anything
innate creative geniuses
WHAT
is creativity anyway ?
do you teach/learn creativity ?
Creativity
in education
so WHAT ?
...the colored crayons, glue sticks, and glitter are locked away in the cupboard and we lose the ability to :
ASK
EXPLORE
TRY
PLAY
do bald men use shampoo or soap to wash their heads ?
simple questions
why questions
stupid questions
for the sake of it
and break things
and fail
for the sake of it
and find things
to see what happens
Imagine, Daydream
Role play
Sketch and doodle
less embarrassed
more likely to draw
less inhibited about drawing
80% of children are creative geniuses
STATEMENT TWO :
Creativity is not just making stuff up - it's not just for artists...
THEOREM TWO :
Creativity is an essential human ability that can be applied to a wide range of activities.
Some of the greatest scientific achievements of the 20th century have come about through creative processes!
so WHAT if ...
DAYDREAMED
...creativity was recognized as an essential
skill for children & adults alike?
How would the world be different?
Well...
"The intentional creation of value."
there's no one, single, clearly accepted definition of 'creativity' ...
But here are a few...
Ken Robinson
"...the ability to understand and express novel orderly relationships."
Kenneth M. Heilman, Stephen E. Nadeau and David O. Beversdorf
The English word creativity and its lexeme come from the Latin term creō "to create, make"
wikipedia
"Accounting has also been associated with creativity..."
anon.
Creativity is defined as the tendency to generate or recognize ideas, alternatives, or possibilities that may be useful in solving problems, communicating with others, and entertaining ourselves and others
From Human Motivation, 3rd ed., by Robert E. Franken:
Carrie Thornthwaite
THEOREM THREE :

Einstein hadn't
riding on a beam of light ?
STATEMENT FOUR :
Creativity assists with all aspects of life!
THEOREM FOUR :
Creativity enhances problem-solving abilities.
?
WARRANTY :
If you put in the time to practice, you will become more creative.
STATEMENT FIVE :
You become creative by practicing ...
Lepper, M. R., Greene, D., & Nisbett, R. E. (1973). Undermining children's intrinsic interest with extrinsic reward: A test of the "overjustification" hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 28, 129-137.
HOW
"Knowledge is limited, imagination
encircles the world."
What is
creativity
?
carrie.thornthwaite@lipscomb.edu
when it hit me that I should
begin to think
more deeply
about creativity
http://corporate.ford.com/innovation
The 4 C's for the Partnership
for 21st Century Skills
Some say that the reason we education children is so that they can grow up to get a job and be productive citizens.
“Creativity is allowing yourself to make mistakes.” ~ Scott Adams
“Creativity takes courage.” ~ Henri Matisse
“The chief enemy of creativity is good sense.” ~ Pablo Picasso
...Scott Adams hadn't been OK about making mistakes...
..Henri Matisse hadn't had the courage to do things differently?
..Pablo Picasso had
had more sense?
1. Economics 2. Statistics 3. Engineering 4. Case Studies
However...
for example..
from Google
X
?
How important are definitions anyway
Isn't it more important
that we are able to
recognize creativity
?
... & also know what creativity is NOT
?
A lesson for flying outside the box.
What have others said about creativity
?
another
question...
&
“Creativity is not a talent, it is a way of operating” ~ John Cleese
We believe creative thinking should permeate every part of an organization and its culture. It shouldn’t be siloed off into a separate department, nor should it be limited to those working in the arts or the creative industries. Better ideas benefit everyone, therefore everyone should be allowed and encouraged to learn how to be more creative. James Allen, Creative Huddle
So...Creativity is NOT
only a skill of God's
a sin
a talent
something just for the arts or creative industries
a gift
In the Judao-Christian tradition, creativity could only be seen in God; humans were not considered to have the ability to create something new except as an expression of God's work. ~ Wikipedia
Originally it was thought that only God had creativity...
Creativity is NOT just for those in the Arts...
Josh Linkner - entrepreneur & author
Instead...
Creativity is
...
a skill that God allows us to enjoy & model to others
a virtue
an ability that can be developed in each of us
something appropriate for most all fields of life
the act of being imaginative & innovative
Creativity is rarely rewarded in schools. It's either ignored or punished.
Creativity should
be recognized
& rewarded!
Wait... there's more!

The Creative Personality

http://www.onbeingcreative.com/OnBeingCreative.com/Being_Creative.html

That's Characteristics
How can I possibly teach
my students to be creative
How can I possibly model
creativity to my students?
You model creativity!
Now
for attitudes, tools
& examples.
Creativity is essential to the entrepreneurship that gets new businesses started and that sustains the best companies after they have reached global scale. ~ Harvard Business Review
What did she say?
Expand the possibilities
Allow students to take risks... explains it's OK to make mistakes
Look at things in new ways!
Creativity is more than just being different. Anybody can plan weird; that’s easy. What’s hard is to be as simple as Bach. Making the simple, awesomely simple, that’s creativity. ~ C. Mingus (2013)
KISS
A creative class
Matthew Waters -
Complex Numbers
I believe Mr. Weathers might say...
Relax, muse & allow yourself ample time to be creative...
Have
Fun!
Feel confident that you can be creative
Another Example
Consider partnering with a colleague if possible
Definitely has advantages!
http://prezi.com/pev_24ik7-9z/
For elementary students...
For professional development...
http://prezi.com/xecxiwikx6vf/
For collaboration...
http://prezi.com/pev_24ik7-9z/
To celebrate...
http://prezi.com/u0wnkehzhi6k/
To recruit....
http://prezi.com/2tshtmcrzkz3
TEA Time...
Tools
Examples
Attitudes
Again, for classwork, collaboration & professional development
http://internetapplicans.pbworks.com/w/page/20083785/FrontPage
http://eg5423stem.wikispaces.com/
http://technologytrends.pbworks.com/w/page/23230020/Trends%20and%20Issues%20in%20Instructional%20Technology
http://ipad4atoolnottoy.wikispaces.com/
http://mathanxietylinks.pbworks.com/w/page/27843394/FrontPage
For professional development...
http://prezi.com/xecxiwikx6vf/
C in "DEUCE" stands for Creativity
By their very nature, iPads bring creativity into lessons and thus promote learning. Developing the iPad itself required innovation and creativity. The vast majority of apps are innately creativity in the instruction of topics.
Below are just four Internet sources that support the capability of iPads to promote student creativity:

• “Why the iPad is a creativity machine” – article posted in Computerworld, April 17, 2010 - http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9175687/Why_the_iPad_is_a_creativity_machine

• iPadCreative – blog about using Brushes app in Art class – more information on this app is available in Chapter 4 of this book - http://www.ipadcreative.com/blog/tag/brushes

• Creativity apps – article in PC Magazine – 11 apps, 9 are above the $1.99 cut-off used in this box. - One is exactly $1.99 and Skitch is discussed in Chapter 3 of the first book of this set - http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2362577,00.asp

• Your iPad: The Creative Tool You Never Knew You Needed – focuses on drawing, writing, music apps - April 12, 2012 - http://lifehacker.com/5901341/your-ipad-the-creative-tool-you-never-knew-you-needed
ell...
That's
all
folks.
Thanks
4
your
time
&
attention
iPads, tablets, cell phones
"students liked to feel as if they are teaching themselves" ~ 4th grade teacher
One of the most consistent findings in educational studies of creativity has been that
teachers dislike personality traits associated with creativity
.
“Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new.” ~ Einstein
Milton Hershey - RE: trying to make a candy factory: “I failed three times.”
See more at:
http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2011/12/teachers-dont-like-creative-students.html#sthash.JEu6FQEr.dpuf
Should creativity have a valid place in ALL areas of life?
https://tscpl.org/art/why-is-creativity-important-in-everyday-life
solving.
B
e

c
r
e
a
t
i
v
e
!
!
!
Even when things are quite serious...
Research has indicated that teachers
prefer traits that seem to run counter to creativity
, such as conformity and unquestioning acceptance of authority (e.g., Bachtold, 1974; Cropley, 1992; Dettmer, 1981; Getzels & Jackson, 1962; Torrance, 1963).

The reason for teachers’ preferences is quite clear: creative people tend to have traits that some have referred to as
obnoxious
(Torrance, 1963). Torrance (1963) described creative people as not having the time to be courteous, as refusing to take no for an answer, and as being negativistic and critical of others. Other characteristics, although not deserving the label obnoxious, nonetheless are still not the most highly valued characteristic for the classroom.
Research has suggested that traits associated with
creativity may not only be neglected, but actively punished
(Myers & Torrance, 1961; Stone, 1980).
Stone (1980) found that second graders who scored highest on tests of creativity were also those identified by their peers as engaging in the most misbehavior (e.g., “
getting in trouble the most
”).
Given that research and theory (e.g., Harrington, Block, & Block, 1987) suggest that
a supportive environment is important to the fostering of creativity, it is quite possible that teachers are (perhaps unwittingly) extinguishing creative behaviors.
Now, I'd like to hear from you....
your thoughts about creativity.
If you haven't seen it before, watch his talk...
What if Steve Jobs hadn't been a bit crazy?
Cher: "Failure is highly underrated."
Full transcript