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Copy of Life Course as a Policy Lens
Transcript of Copy of Life Course as a Policy Lens
Susan McDaniel and Paul Bernard
Challenges and Opportunities
In the article
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In the article
What is a life-course perspective
our daily experience is part of a life trajectory form birth to death
life-course patterns unfold in a multiplicity of interconnected ways
social bonds forming and affect our life course and the lives of others
that a variety of local and national contexts shape our life courses
enables us to identify policy options
shines light on areas where policy options can have big payoffs for little investment;
turns a disadvantaged group into an advantaged group;
enables us to discover what is the root of the problem;
enables us to develop long term policies and short term policies
pull the person down
better or worse
structure to dynamics
the combined impact of premature
is very negative
"study of the likely life courses of this group can identify the need for policy decisions"
Types of change
Re composition of the life course
can be anticipated to a large extent
are macro in nature
less easy to track but may be more rewarding
may be temporary
Social policy is about building capabilities and providing support when needed
causes and consequences
The linkage between individual trajectories in the context of social structures
Agency role in the structuring of societies
Social inequalities and how its amplified over time
The involvement of individuals in policy making
Individuals have the capacity to reflect on the past and analyze their current situation, thus informing policy decisions.
It can help to mobilise individuals and communities to embrace change and make it successful
circumstances are self-inflicted theory
Cumulative advantages from a good start and cumulative disadvantages from a bad start
Policies can make the situation or
The consequences of advantage may not be the inverse of the consequences of disadvantage
cumulative advantage and disadvantage as self-propelling and not inescapable
Policy decisions may often be based on a “misrepresentation of the actual data, selective use”.
Canada is a world leader in this field of study.
The life course perspective focuses less on individual life trajectories and more on the interactions of individuals with social structures (particularly structures of inequality).
Social circumstances that create dependency, gravity and shock are more important than individual choices.
A life-course perspective for policy makers is more realistic and attuned to the real experiences of people.
A life course perspective offers the possibility of allowing people, researchers and policy makers to work more closely together.
Prevention is better than cure
Dependency gravity and shocks
Structure Vs dynamic
Types of change
Better or worse
life after death