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Transcript of FUTURE TENSES
1. Future Simple
1. spontaneous action
''Ok. I'll help you.''
2. prediction, assumption used with THINK, MAYBE, PERHAPS, PROBABLY
''I think I will call her on Saturday.''
3. oferring help and making a promise
''He will carry this bag for you.''/ ''I promise that
I will do that.''
QUESTION: ''Will you make sandwiches?
NEGATIVE FORM: I won't study that anymore''
2. be going to
1. a plan, ambition, intention, dream / maybe nothing has been made yet
''I am going to become the President of this company.''
2. sth is about to happen quite soon, a prediction based on some evidence
''The plane is going to crash''
QUESTION: Are you going to fly to Barcelona next summer?
NEGATIVE FORM: I'm not going to tell him the truth.
3. Present Continuous
Surprised? You thought we use it only to talk about present?
1. planned action in the near future
(We know that it's planned and that it will happen.)
''Next week I'm quitting my job./ On Sunday she's flying to New York. ''
4. Present Simple
1. future action is fixed (e.g. timetable, schedules, TV programmes), not planned by us
''The plane to Moscow takes off at 7.15.''
''This action film starts at 3 p.m.''
5. Future Continuous
1. a longer activity in the future
''Tomorrow I will be reading a book all day long.''
2. action will definitely happen (it usually happens) at a certain time
''Next week at 3 p.m. I will be giving a speech in Sydney.''
''This time next year I will be living in the UK.''
be going to
is a very popular form of expressing future, however, bear in mind that
native speakers very often instead of saying
I'm going to do...,
I'm gonna do .....
Let's watch an interesting video. You'll see how often Future Simple is used in everyday conversations, films etc.
6. Future Perfect
1. sth. will already have happened before a certain time in the future, we start doing sth in the past or present and we finish this activity in the future.
''By 2020 we will have built 20 new houses.''
Let's practise these 3 most important tenses: