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World War II Glossary

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by

AK Muskin

on 27 October 2015

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Transcript of World War II Glossary

A. Philip Randolph
Civil Rights leader who threaten to march on Washington S.C. to protest racial discrimination in the military. His efforts led to the President’s support of the Fair Employment Act.
Cash –N- Carry
In September 1939, FDR persuaded Congress to pass a new, amended Neutrality Act, which allowed warring nations to purchase arms from the U.S. as long as they paid in cash and carried the arms away on their own ships. This cash-and-carry program allowed the U.S. to aid the Allies but stay officially out of the war.
European Theater
was a huge area of heavy fighting across Europe from Germany's invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939 until the end of the war with the German unconditional surrender on May 8, 1945
D-Day
Turning point in Western Europe; June 6, 1944, the day of the invasion of Western Europe by Allied forces in WWII.
North African Theater
Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II. The struggle for control of the Suez Canal and access to oil from the Middle East and raw materials from Asia.
Atomic bomb
powerful explosive nuclear weapon fueled by splitting or fission of the nuclei of specific isotopes or uranium or plutonium in a chain reaction. The of the explosion created by an atomic bomb is on the order of the strength that would equal 1000 tons of TNT. On August 6 and 9, 1945, the US bombed and destroyed the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This was the first use of an atomic bomb. The bomb brought an end to WWII
World War II Glossary
Fall of Berlin
marked the end of World War Two in Europe. Battle fought between April and May 1945, and the Russian victory saw the end of Hitler's Third Reich and the occupation of the city by the Red Army before it was divided into four as a result of the wartime meetings between the Allies.
Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941 surprise bombing raid on the American Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Many US battleships were sunk; over 2,300 killed. Congress declares war on Japan the following day.
Battle of Midway
Returning point in the Pacific theater. A naval and air battle fought in World War II in which planes from American aircraft carriers ended the Japanese naval threat in the Pacific Ocean after Pearl Harbor.
Pacific Theater
began on December 7, 1941, when warplanes from Japan attacked Pearl Harbor; fighting was often vicious; main tactic “Island Hopping”; fighting brought to an with the use of the atomic bomb
Homefront
Rationing: System to conserve items needed for the war effort. War ration books and tokens were issued to each American family, dictating how much gasoline, tires, sugar, meat, silk, shoes, nylon and other items any one person could buy.
War mobilization
the act of assembling and making both troops and supplies ready for war.
Rosie the Riveter
Nickname and symbol representing the thousands of US women who went to work in the US industries to take the pace of men who were fighting in WWII.
War time Conservation
made possible by the War Productions Board (WPB) during WWII. Redirected raw materials and resources from the production of civilian consumer goods to the production of materials for waging war against Germany and Japan
Manhattan Project
secret World War II project to harness atomic power; resulted in atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan
Los Alamos
The laboratory that designed and fabricated the first atomic bombs
Atomic bomb
On August 6 and 9, 1945, the US bombed and destroyed the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This was the first use of an atomic bomb. The bomb brought an end to WWII
Lend-Lease
Allowed the president to send aid to any nation whose defense was considered vital to the US’s nation security. Allowed US to help Great Britain during World War II EVEN THOUGH THE US WAS NEUTRAL.
Internment of Japanese-Americans
ontained camps that disallowed free access to the outside; particularly Japanese Americans were placed after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Forced removal of approximately 120,000 Japanese-Americans. Executive Order 9066- Roosevelt’s order interning Japanese Americans
Korematsu v. US
Supreme Court decision that upheld as “military necessity” the relocation of Japanese Americans from the west coast to inland detention camps.
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