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Transcript of Ch.8
1. Where are stated located?
2. Why do boundaries between states cause problems?
3. Why do stated cooperate with each other?
4. Why has terrorism increased?
Key Issue 3
Why Do States Cooperate with Each Other?
The United Nations were established in 1945 by the victorious allies.
Five permanent member of the Security Council: China, France, Russia, the U.K., the U.S.
Balance of power- roughly equal strength between opposing alliances.
NATO- military agreement between communist Eastern Europe countries to defend each other in case of attack.
Warsaw Pact- provided the Soviet Union with a buffer of allied states between it and Germany to discourage a third German invasion of the Soviet Union.
Key Issue 2
Why Do Boundaries Cause Problems?
Political and Military cooperation
Japan and Germany joined the "superpowers" because of economic success.
Russia slipped away because of economic problems.
An economic union on European states led by Germany is the leading economic superpower today.
Formed in 1958 by Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the Federal Republic of Germany.
to heal western Europe's scars from World War II.
Ireland, Denmark, the U.K., Greece, Portugal, Spain, Austria, Finland and Sweden are former Communist East European states that joined the EU.
the EU is not sure about new members because they do not know if they will be true allies.
Boundary- an invisible line marking the extent of a state's territory
compact state- distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly
Prorupted state- compact stat with a large projecting extension
Elongated states- long and narrow shape
Fragmented state- several discontinued pieces of territory
Perforated state- state that completely surrounds another
Landlocked state- completely surrounded by other countries
Frontier- zone where no sate exercise complete political control
The 5 basic shaped of states are compact, prorupted, elongated, fragmented, and perforated. Another form of state is a landlocked state. An example of a compact state would be Rwanda. An example for a prorupted state wold be Zaire. An example for an elongated state would be Chile. An example of a fragmented state would be India. An example of a perforated state would be South Africa. an example of a landlocked state would be Lesotho. There are two main kinds of boundaries, the physical boundaries and the cultural boundaries. Physical boundaries would be like mountains, deserts, or water. Cultural boundaries would be religious, geometric, or language boundaries.
Key Issue 1
Where are states located?
State-an area organized into a political unit and ruled by and established government who has control over internal and foreign affairs.
Sovereignty-to have independence from control of internal affairs by other states
Colony- a territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than being completely independent
Colonialism-the effort of one country to establish settlements and to impose its political,economic, and cultural principles
Imperialism-the control of territory already occupied and organized by and indigenous society
Key Issue 4
Why Has Terrorism Increased?
Terrorism- the systematic use of violence to intimidate a population or coerce a government into granting its demands.
Terrorists tempt to achieve this through bombing, kidnapping, hijacking,or assasinating people of their population.