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AP World - 2.1 Major Belief Systems Before 600CE

AP World History, Prezi on Major Belief System Before 600CE
by

Mark Fiorill

on 20 September 2016

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Transcript of AP World - 2.1 Major Belief Systems Before 600CE

Major Belief Systems Before 600 CE
Intro
http://www.mapsofwar.com/images/Religion.swf
Belief systems - religions and philosophies
Polytheism - Earliest
Universalizing Religion
6 Belief Systems
Judaism
Jewish states conquered
CHANGE - God was all knowing, all powerful, always just
Judaism
Christianity
Hinduism
Buddhism
Confucianism
Daoism
Christianity
Independent of social status or ethnicity
INITIAL DIFFUSION
Hinduism
Ethnic religion
Karma - cause of life cycle
Hinduism - polytheistic?
Vedas - epic poems
Buddhism
Four Noble Truths

"right"
knowledge
purpose
speech
action
living
effort
mindfulness
meditation
Spread with trade, Ashoka
Major branches
Theravada
Mahayana
Other buddhas followed original
CONFUCIANISM
Confucius (Kung Fu-tzu) - late Zhou Era, Warring States Period
Followers compiled The Analects
Urges people to be active citizens
parent and child
sovereign and minister
husband and wife
older and younger brother
friend and friend
Daoism
BELIEFS
New beliefs emerged, often asserting universal truths
Buddhism reaction to Hinduism (social classes)
Greco-Roman philosophy and science emphasized logic, empirical observation, nature of political power and hierarchy
Other religious and cultural traditions continued
Shamanism, animism, ancestor veneration
Quick Summary
- guidelines for behavior
Animism (Shamanism)
-nature, ag. cycle
-Message, followers diffused
-Individual founder (prophet)
-Appeal to people everywhere
rejected polytheism
Founder - Abraham, born in Ur (in Mesopotamia)
Hebrew scriptures - comp. of beliefs, events, people
Originated with the Hebrews
Heavily influenced Christianity and Islam
Founder - Jesus of Nazareth
Early years of Roman Empire
381CE, official religion of Rome
Edict of Milan, 313CE, Constantine
Disciples - missionaries
Atman, human souls
Universal spirit
Poems offer moral guidelines
Rig Veda - gods relationship with humans
CHANGE: Moksha = upper classes
CHANGE: Everyone = nirvana
Buddha (Enlightened One)
Founder: Siddhartha Gautama
4. Nirvana achieved - Eightfold Path
3. Escape from suffering, achieve Nirvana
2. Suffering (desires) = reincarnation
1. Life has suffering
Creator, Preserver, Destroyer
outwardly revealed by caste
all gods are part of one universal spirit
No single founder, way of life
Accepting of different paths
Boddhisatva - finished eightfold path, stayed
Claims "pure form"
Monastic life
Stricter
passive force, does nothing/everything
Dao = "way"
Retreat from society; reflection
Chief value - wuwei, or ability to live simply
Founder - Laozi (Lao Tzu)
CHANGE - Monotheism
Judaism (ethnic) and Christianity (universal)
Confucianism (strict hierarchy) and Daoism (world beyond control)
Full transcript