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Empathy

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Nadescha Trudel

on 10 March 2015

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Transcript of Empathy

Empathy
Nadine Gier
Nadescha Trudel

Mimicry
Emotional
Contagion
Sympathy
Compassion
The Journey of Empathy
Empathy
Self- awareness
Self/other Distinction
Feeling
with
a person
Isomporphic to others' feelings
Shared Network Hypothesis
Understand emotions/actions of others by
simulating feelings using own affective programs

Mirror Neurons

perceiving and assessing pain in others - change in pain network?
affective component (ACC and AI)
sensory component (SI and SII)
Hypothesis
Empathy for Pain involves affective but not sensory components of Pain (Singer et al., 2004)
Anterior Insula
represent and integrate
internal emotional feeling state

Thalamus
Frontal
regions
Amygdala
Anterior Cingulate Cortex
motivation-action related counterpart
Affective- motivational
dimensions of pain
Motor Cortex
Limbic System
Perspective Taking
Imagine other


Imagine yourself
Prosocial behavior
Altruism
Distress
Egoistic motivation
Hypothesis
l. AI & ACC activtiy increase when fair player get pain
ll. AI & ACC activity reduced when unfair player get pain
lll. NAcc & OFC activity increase when unfair player get pain

Hypothesis
Individuals scoring high on PCL-R scale
pain matrix activation for receiving pain
show a deficit in activation in AI;
increase in NAcc for others receiving pain


Future Directions
empathy in neuroeconomics

computational processes underlying ACC & AI

association between stable personality and empathy

investigating the sharing of positive emotion


References
Bernhardt, B.C. & Singer, T. (2012). The neural basis of empathy.
Annual review of neuroscience, 35,
1-35.

Decety, J., Chenyi, C., Harenski, C. & Kiehl, K. A. (2013). An fMRI study of affective perspective taking in individuals with psychopathy: imaging another in pain does not evoke empathy. Frontiers in Humans
Neuroscience, 7 (489)
, 1-12.

Jackson, P. L., Meltzoff, A. N., & Decety,J. (2005). How do we perceive the pain of others? A window into the neural processes involved in empathy.
NeuroImages, 24,
771-779.

Singer, T. & Lamm,C. (2009). The social neuroscience of empathy.
Annals of the NewYork Academy of Sciences, 115
6, 81-96.

Singer, T., Seymour, B., O’Doherty, J., Kaube, H., Dolan, R. J. & Frith, C. D. (2004). Empathy for pain involves the affective but not sensory components of pain.
Science, 303
, 1157–62.

Singer, T., Seymour, B., O’Doherty, J., Stephan, K. E., Dolan, R. J. & Frith, C. D. (2006). Empathic neural responses are modulated by the perceived fariness of others.
Nature, 439
, 466-469.
PCL-R scale

20 items
l. manipulative
ll. lack of guilt
lll. lack of empathy

Results

imagine self: pain matrix activation
imagine other: the lower PCL-R score, the
higher activation in AI
activation in NAcc (high PCL-R)

Psychopathological Personality Disorder
According to DSM-5

Manipulativeness
Deceitfulness
Callousness
Hostility


Irresponsibilty
Impulsivity
Risk taking
(tendency to synchronize with the other person)
(tendency to automatically adopt
emotional state of another person)
(feelings for somebody)
(emotional-motivational state characterized by feelings of loving/kindness)

testing economic models of
social preferences
Task: sequential iterated Prisoner's Dilemma
Full transcript