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“HOW TO EVALUATE LISTENING SKILL”
Transcript of “HOW TO EVALUATE LISTENING SKILL”
7. Dialogic listening
The word 'dialogue' stems from the Greek words 'dia', meaning 'through' and 'logos' meaning 'words'. Thus dialogic listening mean learning through conversation and an engaged interchange of ideas and information in which we actively seek to learn more about the person and how they think. Dialogic listening is sometimes known as 'relational listening'.
Listening is the ability to accurately receive and interpret messages in the communicative process. Listening is the key for an effective communication, without the ability to listen effectively, messages are easily misunderstood.
Listening is based on the assumption that the main function of listening in second language learning is to facilitate understanding of spoken discourse. By this hand listening can provide the further development of second language proficiency.
1. Writing information received and reviewing it in order to answer questions or to solve a problem
2. Evaluating information in order to make a decision or construct a plan of action
3. Evaluating arguments in order to develop a position for or against
4. Evaluating cause-and-effect information
5. Projecting from information received and making predictions
6. Summarizing or "gistizing" information received
7. Evaluating and combining information
8. Evaluating and condensing information
9. Evaluating and elaborating or extending information
How to improve listening skill
1. Stop Talking: “If we were supposed to talk more than we listen, we would have two tongues and one ear.” Mark Twain.
2. Prepare Yourself to Listen.
3. Put the Speaker at Ease.
4. Remove Distractions.
5. Listen with an open mind (empathize).
6. Be Patient.
7. Learn to adapt to the speaker’s appearance, personality, and delivery.
8. Listen to the Tone.
9. Determine the concepts and central ideas of the message
10. Wait and Watch for Non-Verbal Communication.
11. Listen to the entire message without judging or refuting.
12. Attempt to find a connection to or personal interest in the speaker’s topic.
13. Remember that listening does not equal agreement.
14. Ask questions to clarify the message.
15. Avoid faking attention and pretending to listen.
TYPES OF LISTENING
There are seven types of listening, starting with the basic discrimination of sounds and ending with the a deeper communication.
3. Critical listening
- Is listening in order to evaluate and judge, forming opinion about what is being said. Judgment includes assessing strengths and weaknesses, agreement and approval.
1. Discriminative listening
- Is the most basic type of listening; its objective is to distinguish sounds and visual stimulations and accustomed the ears to the language sounds.
- We learn to discriminate between sounds within our own language early and later we are unable to discriminate between the phonemes of other languages.
5. Appreciative listening
- In appreciative listening, we seek certain information which will appreciate, for example that which helps meet our needs and goals.
- We use appreciative listening when we are listening to good music, poetry or maybe even the stirring words of a great leader.
• Alvarez Ortega Laura A.
• Carrillo Nava Gema A.
• Hernández Martínez Isela E.
• Verdugo Hernández Erika del Carmen
• Lucio Téllez Enrique
6. Therapeutic listening
- The listener has a purpose of not only empathizing with the speaker but also to use this deep connection in order to help the speaker understand, change or develop in some way.
- This not only happens when you go to see a therapist but also in many
2. Comprehension listening
- The next step beyond discriminating between different sounds
and sights is to make sense of them.
- We focus on the understanding of the message.
- Comprehension listening is also known as content listening,
informative listening and full listening.
4. Evaluative listening
In evaluative listening, or critical listening, we make judgments about what the other person is saying. We seek to assess the truth of what is being said. Evaluative listening is also called critical, judgmental or interpretive listening.
10. Organizing unordered information received into a pattern of orderly relationship --chronological sequencing, spatial relationships, cause-and-effect, problem-solution