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Life in Two City-States: Athens and Sparta
Transcript of Life in Two City-States: Athens and Sparta
Athens and Sparta By: Tiffany Government Athens Athens became a democracy in around 500 B.C.E. Only free men were allowed to be citizens, women and slaves were not citizens. Every citizen can take part in the government. Council is a group of people that met everyday. They suggest new laws and run day to day business. Suggest laws will be given to the Assembly. The Assembly met every 10 days. The Assembly have to approve the suggested laws. Every citizen has the right to speak during the Assembly meetings. A lot of men enjoyed being in the city's democracy, they were proud of their freedom. Sparta Sparta is a oligarchy, unlike from Athens. The important decisions were made by the Council of Elders. Inside the Council of Elders, there are 2 kings and 28 other men. men had to be at least 60 years old and from a noble family, in order to be elected in the Council of Elders. The Council of Elders had the real power, they prepared laws for the Assembly to vote on. The Assembly is made up of citizens, the Assembly had very little power. They could only vote yes or no on the laws. Economy Athens The Athenian economy is based on trade, because they did not provide enough food for the city's people, so they traded with other city-states to get the resources and goods they need. Athens had their own coins, to make trade easier. The coins were made out of gold, silver, and bronze. Athenians decorated the flat sides of the coins, one of the coins had Athena on one side, and Athena's favorite bird is on the other side. Sparta Unlike Athens, Sparta's economy depended on farming and on conquering other people. Sparta took land from their neighbors, because they didn't have enough land to feed all of their people. Spartan men spent their lives as warriors, so Sparta used slaves and non-citizens to produce the needed goods for the people. The Spartans conquered their neighbors and turned them into slaves. Sparta doesn't like trading, because they were scared that contact with other city-states would lead to new ideas and weaken their government. Sparta didn't have coins, so it was also hard to trade with Sparta. Education Athens Athenians think that producing good citizens are the main purpose of education. Only boys were citizens, so the girls and the boys had different educations. Athenians also believed that a good citizen had a sharp mind and healthy body, so they had physical training and book learning. The boys went to school from age 6-14. In the schools, they taught reading, writing, arithmetic, literature, sports, and music. Athenian men began military training at age 18. Most girls did not learn to read and write, they were taught to cook, clean, spin thread, and weave cloth. Most girls married at the age of 15. Wealthy girls had their men chosen by their fathers, the poor had more choice. Sparta The purpose of education in Sparta was to produce men and women that can protect the city-state. Spartans valued discipline and strength, so at the age of 7, all Spartan children were trained to fight. Even girls got some military training. Even though Spartan boys were taught reading and writing, but they didn't think that those skills were as important. They thought that the most important thing is to be a brave soldier, they had to suffer pain without complaining. Spartan men were given a difficult test of fitness, military ability, and leadership skills at the age of 20. Men couldn't live with their wife and family until they were 30 years old. The military service continued for a long time. Women and Slaves Athens Women and slaves were not citizens, so they had fewer rights tan free men did. Athenian women could not inherit or own property, vote or attend the Assembly, and most could not even chose their own husbands. Very few women had jobs. Some were selling goods in the market, and some were priestesses. Most Athenian women spent their days managing the household and bringing up their children. They had to have separate rooms and couldn't go out alone. They would spin, weave, supervise the slaves, and educate their children. In ancient Athens, there were a lot of slaves. People who weren't poor had at least one slave. Slaves did a lot of different jobs. Sparta Spartan women lived the same lives as Spartan men. They were expected to be healthy, strong, and ready to fight. They would look after their husband's property during war. Unlike women in Athens, women in Sparta had much more rights. They would speak to their husbands' friends, own and control their own property,and marry another man if their first husband is away at war for too long. They were more Spartan slaves than the citizens in Sparta. The slaves were people who had been conquered by Spartans. Spartans treated slaves harshly, because they were scared that they would revolt. The government would declare war on the slaves, the helots, and legally kill any helots that they think my rebel. Even though they were treaty harshly, but they still had some rights. Resources Map of Athens and Sparta: from HubPages