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Transcript of Artificial Intelligence
Intelligence & Machines
Notes for you
A. M. Turing (1912-1954)
• Mathematician and scientist
• Invented “Turing machine”
• Created “Turing test”
The Turing Test
• No computer has passed Turing test
• Hugh Loebner’s contest for artificial intelligence
• CAPTCHA - Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and
based on the characteristics we associate with intelligent human behavior, i.e. understanding spoken words, solving problems, learning etc.
abundant knowledge relating to the world, to be capable to function with human-like capabilities.
It has an independent entity,
, which are able to encode the right answers, when it’s capable of ‘understanding’ the data produced by its sensors.
, which are computing structures conceptually modeled after the human brain. They are capable of solving different problems, by generalizing the data with similar characteristics.
The Turing test is test made to determine if computer is capable of "thinking".
No computer has ever passed this test even though in present days technologies are developing rapidly and this test is already 63 years old.
One of the most popular Turing tests is CAPTCHA. It is all over the internet.
It is a theoretical point in time when artificial intelligence surpasses human intelligence.
The core concept is that of an intelligence explosion created once AI reaches a critical mass of intelligence, by which it can then evolve exponentially.
Civilisation as we know it would be radically, unforeseeably and irrevocably changed.
The theory is controversial, and there is a great deal of critical resistance disputing the realism of these ideas.
Risks, Consequences, Social and Ethical Issues