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Copy of Dystopian and Post-Apocalyptic Genre

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on 24 October 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Dystopian and Post-Apocalyptic Genre

Dystopian and Post-Apocalyptic
Genre

UTOPIA
- An ideal community or society possessing a perfect socio-politico-legal system. The word was imported from Greek by Sir Thomas More for his 1516 book
Utopia
, describing a fictional island in the Atlantic Ocean. The term has been used to describe both intentional communities that attempt to create an ideal society, and fictional societies portrayed in literature.
Utopia
A futuristic, imagined universe with the following characteristics:
- total control of society through:
corporations (businesses)
bureaucracy (government)
technology
morality (right and wrong/religion)
totalitarianism (dictator and/or military)
- the illusion of a perfect society, but things are terribly wrong
- through an exaggerated worst-case scenario, make a criticism about current ideas, society's beliefs, or political system
Dystopian Genre
• Propaganda is used to control the citizens of society.
• Information, independent thought, and freedom are restricted.
• A figurehead or concept is worshipped by the citizens of the society.
• Citizens are perceived to be under constant surveillance.
• Citizens have a fear of the outside world.
• Citizens live in a dehumanized state.
• The natural world is banished and distrusted.
• Citizens conform to uniform expectations. Individuality and dissent are bad.
• The society is an illusion of a perfect utopian world.
Characteristics of
Dystopian Literature
• Corporate control: One or more large corporations control society through products, advertising, and/or the media.
• Bureaucratic control: Society is controlled by bureaucracy which is relentless regulations, and incompetent government officials.
• Technological control: Society is controlled by technology—through computers, robots, and/or scientific means.
• Moral/Philosophical/religious control: Society is controlled by philosophical or religious beliefs
- A dictatorship or theocratic (based on religion) government.
Types of Dystopian
Societal Control
• often feels trapped and is struggling to escape.
• questions the existing social and political systems.
• believes or feels that something is terribly wrong with the society in which he or she lives.
• helps the audience recognizes the negative aspects of the dystopian world through his or her perspective
- will endure tests/hardships often including loss of those he/she loves
- often will not "win" but will be the "seed" that starts a rebellion
Dystopian Hero
Post-Apocalyptic Genre
Post-apocalyptic fiction is set in a world or civilization after a major disaster. The time frame may be immediately after the catastrophe, focusing on the problems or psychology of survivors, or considerably later. It often includes the theme that the existence of pre-disaster civilization has been forgotten. Post-apocalyptic stories often take place in an agrarian, non-technological future world, or a world where only scattered elements of technology remain.
The hero of a post-apocalyptic world will often possess the following characteristics:
- will have lost someone they love in the apocalypse
- acts as a vigilante within the destroyed world, fighting against the forces that caused the destruction
- he/she will be a loner and will not trust others easily
- will either be searching for a "sanctuary" or safe place or will try to create a sanctuary
- will represent the hope for a rebirth of society
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