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The Comparative Study

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Dara O'Driscoll

on 7 April 2014

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Transcript of The Comparative Study

Cultural Context
General Vision and Viewpoint
Finally - the 10 commandments
Read and analyse the Questions

Use an abbreviation of the title once you have mentioned it in full the first time - e.g. "I'm Not Scare" becomes INS

Quotations are effective and useful - choose some relevant ones and LEARN THEM

60 - 70 Minutes writing: A comparative answer needs length (c. 1000 words) - Ordinary level can be somewhat shorter.
1. Know your texts well
2. WRITE Clearly
all through.
Remember the Marking Scheme

30% Purpose (21/70)
30% Coherence (21/70)
30% Language (21/70)
10% Mechanics (7/70)

Purpose = engagement with the set task
i.e. relevance and focus
The Comparative Study
1. The world of the Text
2. Values and attitudes that prevail
in the world
3. Does the world offer the main character
opportunities for happiness and fulfillment
4. What obstacles block happiness and
5. Poverty & Wealth, religion, class, gender, family, personal freedom etc.
1. View that emerges in reading and interpretation of text
2. bright/optimistic or dark/pessimistic
3. Hopeful or despairing re. prospects for human happiness
4. Ending is very important
5. Personal response
6. Confidence to express
1. Analyse the Question
2. Understand TWO of the prescribed modes and how they relate to your texts
3. Have key moments/references/quotes well rehearsed in advance
4. AVOID DETAILED SUMMARY of plot or of a key moment - concentrate instead on the effect on the mode
5. Keep personal response in mind at all times
Leaving Certificate English
Language of Comparison & contrast
Is similar to
reminiscent of
in contrast
Rule of Thumb
Doesn't matter how good Coherence, Language and Mechanics are if Purpose is poor.
1. How the text tells the story
2. Vivid characters
3. Dramatic techniques, tension, high emotion
4. Unexpected happenings
5. Patterns of imagery, symbols
6. Points of view, narrative voice
1. One theme central to all texts
2. Should be very easy to identify
3. Could relate theme to fate of main characters
4. Make interesting connections, comparisons and contacts
5. Students own insight and personal response
Theme or Issue
6. Know your texts/authors and how you'll identify them + correct spelling of names of characters etc.
7. Think in paragraphs - punctuation v. important in this section
8. Take care with links between paragraphs
9. Vary language of comparison and contrast
10. Have a strong opening and closing
Task 1
Let's look at Sive, Broooklyn and I'm Not Scared and consider one of the following aspects of cultural context:
Role of Women
For each aspect consider:
What do you learn about this aspect?
Can you find any relevant quotes?
Does this aspect of c.c. restrict or liberate central characters?
How do you feel about the impact of this element of C.C. on the text?
Quotes about poverty & wealth:

"The kitchen was poorly furnished"

"Money is the best friend a man ever had."

"Think of the 200 sovereigns dancing in the heel of your fist."

"The money is a great temptation but there is wrong in it from head to heel".

"my own grandchild is for sale like an animal"
Poverty in Sive
Poverty is a major aspect of the cultural context of S. From the very beginning it is clear that the Glavin family have only the bare minimum to survive. Their "kitchen is poorly furnished" and they enjoy no modern conveniences. This unfortunately ends up having a major effect on the life of young Sive.

Having struggled all her life simply to survive, the chance to gain "200 sovereigns" is extremely attractive to Mena and so she is willing to "sell" Sive to the elderly farmer Sean Dota. Although, he has reservations Mike is not too difficult to convince, believing that "money is the best friend a man ever had".

The desire to escape from poverty causes Mena, Mike and Thomasheen to abandon their morals and completely destroy Sive's chances of gaining love and happiness
Poverty in INS...similar/ different?
Task 2.....3-2-1
3 pieces of evidence to show poverty in INS?
2 major ways that poverty affects the lives of the people of Aqua Traverse
1 way in which poverty liberates/ restricts people's live?
To look at POVERTY as an aspect of cultural context in Sive, I'm Not Scared and Brooklyn
In contrast
While in “…….”, the same cannot be said for “…….”
Both authors take the same approach
On the contrary
Quite the reverse is seen
The scene is reminiscent of
Equally noticeable is
In a very different way
This is the only text where we see
Nothing like this occurs in
In a similar way
The complete opposite is seen in
This is mirrored in
The same effect occurs in
On the other hand
So compare the texts....
Violence as an aspect of cultural context
I'm Not Scared clearly shows a society with a huge tolerance for violence.

Can you remember FOUR key moments where this tolerant attitude to violence is displayed (view clip 1 @5min, 2 @ 3.40 clip 3@ 4.50
So what about the role of religion
WOrking in groups of 3 lets think about what we know about religion in each text.
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