Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Elements of a Classical Tragedy

No description
by

Elise Xocol

on 11 August 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Elements of a Classical Tragedy

motif:
a recurring element, image, or idea in a work of literature.
conflict:
a struggle between forces or characters i.e. external (character vs. character, character vs. society, character vs. nature) and internal (character vs. self)
ELEMENTS OF A
CLASSICAL TRAGEDY
and a brief review of key literary terms!
Tragedy
Tragic Hero
Aristotle's Definition
Tragic Flaw & Other Traits
Motif & Conflict
A type of drama in which the characters experience reversals of fortune, usually for the worse. In tragedy, catastrophe and suffering await many of the characters (especially the hero) and usually as a result of a human failing, which the Greeks called by the archery term
hamartia
, a missing of the mark.

In the case of Sophocles'
Oedipus the King
, human failing applies to the central character's temper, arrogance, and violence.

Examples of this drama include Shakespeare's
Othello
and
Hamlet
, and Arthur Miller's
Death of a Salesman
.
A privileged, exalted character of high repute or noble birth, who, by virtue of a tragic flaw and fate, suffers a fall from glory into suffering. This person is fated by the Gods or by some supernatural force to doom and destruction or at least to great suffering. The tragic hero struggles mightly against this fate and this conflict.

Initially, the tragic hero should be neither better or worse morally than normal people in order to allow the audience to identify with them. This introduces pity. If perfect, the audience would either be outraged with their fate or indifferent due to their ideological superiority. If evil, the audience would feel the hero's fate is deserved.
Aristotle once said that "A man doesn't become a hero until he can see the root of his own downfall."

An Aristotelian tragic hero must possess specific characteristics, five of which are below:
Flaw or error of judgment (hamartia)
A reversal of fortune (peripeteia) brought about because of the hero's error in judgment
The discovery or recognition that the reversal was brought about by the hero's own actions (anagnorisis)
Excessive Pride (hubris)
The character's fate must be greater than deserved. Greek culture indicates that the hero must courageously accept their death with honor.
A tragic flaw is a weakness or limitation of character, resulting in the fall of the tragic hero. (Example: Othello's jealousy and too trusting nature)

Other common traits:
The hero must...
suffer more than he/ she deserves
be noble in nature but imperfect so audience can identify with them
understand his doom as well as the fact that his fate was discovered by his own actions
be intelligent so he may learn from his/ her mistakes
faced with a very serious decision that he has to make

Other Terms
hubris:
excessive pride or self-confidence
nemesis:
the inescapable agent of someone's or something's downfall; a long-standing rival; an archenemy
Themes & Motifs
Themes
suffering
prophecy
family
suicide
exile
fate
free will

Motifs
blindness vs. sight
supernatural powers
self-imposed punishment
Full transcript