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Hydroelectricity

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ann duong

on 18 January 2017

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Transcript of Hydroelectricity

From: Ann Duong // Tracy Hicks // Caroline Cachero
Hydroelectricity
http://energy.novascotia.ca/renewables/hydro-electricity
what is it
How is it Generated/Used
Renewable or Non Renewable
A d v a n t a g e s
D i s a d v a n t a g e s
Canadian Connections
F a c t s
S O U R C E S
Clark, Bruce W., John K. Wallace, and Kim M. Earle. Making Connections - Canada's Geography. 2nd ed. Don Mills: Susan Cox, 2006. Print. Hydroelectricity.
Ann // Advantages, Disadvantages, Facts
http://gapenergysolutions.com/types-hydroelectric-power-plant.xhtml
Hydroelectric Plant
https://alhschemistry.wikispaces.com/Politicians+Per+5-6
+
Cheap to operate // No fuel to buy
5
https://alhschemistry.wikispaces.com/Politicians+Per+5-6
No burning of fossil fuel = no air pollution/co2
=
http://innovativegreenliving.tumblr.com/post/60843569451/50-pollution-prevention-tips
&
http://thecompensators.org/en/news/
Uses a renewable resource // flowing water
http://www.solar-power-made-affordable.com/hydroelectric-energy.html
Niagara Falls, Canada
http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/hydroelectricity/
Beauharnois Dam, Quebec
The reservoir can be used for recreational activities
Fishing
Boating/Swimming
Bonneville Dam, Washington
https://www.nwcouncil.org/history/FishPassage
http://www.mathworks.com/company/newsletters/articles/solving-large-scale-optimization-problems-with-matlab-a-hydroelectric-flow-example.html?requestedDomain=www.mathworks.com
Hydroelectric Plants are $$$ to build
The Plants are often far away from where electricity is needed
= transmissions lines must be built (more $$$)
Dams cause Flooding
May Destroy...
Animal Habitats
Homes
Historic Sites
Towns
Flooding may cause the release of dangerous chemicals
Such as Mercury
Changed water flow below the dam may affect...
Ecology
Animal Habitats
Mambilla Dam, Taraba, Nigeria
http://www.dailytrust.com.ng/news/business/house-begins-probe-of-mambila-dam-hydroelectric-power-project-contracts/113181.html
=
https://emojiisland.com/products/money-bag-emoji-icon
Mactaquac Dam, New Brunswick
http://atlanticaenergy.org/hydroelectric
Plant
http://bohocollective.com/blog/2014/2/26/far-away
http://financialtribune.com/articles/energy/26131/electricity-production-rises
+ Transmission Lines
https://emojiisland.com/products/money-bag-emoji-icon
http://ospreysteelheadnews.blogspot.ca/2012_03_01_archive.html
Vancouver, British Columbia
http://www.vancouverobserver.com/opinion/salmon-farmers-association-says-bc-can-have-both-wild-salmon-and-farmed-salmon
Wild Salmon
Other Methods
Impoundment Facilities
http://www.discover-vancouver-island.com/steelhead-fish.html#axzz48TkwzqmB
Steelhead
Flooding of Ancient Kush & Nubia

Ampim, Manu. "Save Nubia Project." Preserving Historical Sites in Sudan. Ampim, 2012. Web. 13 May 2016. <http://www.savenubia.org/>.

The Soleb Temple will be threatened by the Kajbar Dam
http://www.traveladventures.org/continents/africa/soleb.html
The Merowe Dam flooded at least 2,500 unexcavated ancient Kushite sites
http://www.panoramio.com/user/1289368/tags/merowe%20dam%20sudan
http://www.rfa.org/english/news/cambodia/flooding-from-dam-washes-out-homes-rice-fields-in-southern-cambodia-09162015162039.html
Kamchay Hydroelectric Power Plant
http://phys.org/news/2011-12-cambodia-controversial-mega-dam.html

"flooded the homes of 1,571 families in three communities in The Chhouk district"

Southern Cambodia
Water
Electricity
Johnstown Flood Pennsylvania // South Fork Dam
Canada compared to countries
around the world
D E A T H T O L L
396 children
124 women
198 men
98 children were orphaned
777 people were never identified
Hydroelectricity used in
Ontario
1600 homes were destroyed
http://www.post-gazette.com/news/state/2014/05/25/Johnstown-Flood-of-1889-continues-to-resonate/stories/201405250142
http://www.hydroquebec.com/sustainable-development/documentation-center/mercury-reservoirs.html
First generation hydro power plants in Canada
Niagara falls, Canada
Ottawa, Ontario
1881
1881
Ross Dam, Washington
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skagit_River_Hydroelectric_Project
Reservoir = Warm at the Top // Cold at the Bottom
River = Same Temperature Throughout
http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/regions/northamerica/unitedstates/washington/placesweprotect/skagit-river.xml
Dams hold back Sediments and debris
Diversion (Run-of-River)
Mission, British Columbia
Owens River Sediments
Cumberland River Debris
http://water.usgs.gov/osw/images/2003_photo_contest_entries.html
http://blogs.agu.org/mountainbeltway/2013/01/17/cross-bedding-in-owens-river-sediments/
Tracy // Renewable, How it is Generated/Used, Facts
Caroline // What is it // Canadian Connections, Facts
Gold Bridge, British Columbia
*All other sources are directly linked in the slide it was mentioned*
http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/hydroelectricity/
https://www.hydropower.org/a-brief-history-of-hydropower
http://www.dallasvoice.com/tag/spice
phytoplankton
microorganisms
Biggest hydro
power plant in Canada
5,616MW Robert-Bourassa
Located in La Grande River
Northern Quebec, Canada
Pumped Storage
=
20%
Main Source for
Countries
30
=
=
S O U R C E
ANN
ANN
TRACY
caroline
Tracy
Caroline
O L D E S T
http://www.wref2012.org/
http://buyersguide.renewableenergyworld.com/hydroworldcom/blog/canadas-hydropower-boom.html
H Y D R O P O W E R
http://breakingenergy.com/2013/12/12/doe-doles-out-150-mm-in-clean-energy-tax-credits/
Hydro Power
to: Mrs. maclachlan
Subject: generating electrical energy project
http://www.crystalinks.com/microbes.html
Cheapest way to
generate electricity
Provides almost 1/5 of the world's electricity
TOP 10 PRODUCERS
1. China- 652.846TWh
2 Canada- 369.539TWh
3 Brazil- 363.304TWh
4 USA- 250.916TWh
5 Russia- 167.271TWh
6 Norway- 140.437TWh
7 India- 115.842TWh
8 Venezuela- 85.596TWh
9 Japan- 69.630TWh
10 Sweden- 65.173TWh
Of Electricity
https://canadahydro.ca/facts/by-the-numbers/
According to the canadian hydro association
ann
Los Angeles County, California
Saale River,
Germany
Hydropower Plant Sizes
Large plant
THEN

NOW
Small Plant
Micro Plant
Hydroelectricity Uses
Long Lasting
Efficient
Source is Not Depleted
First Plant to Operate
Appleton, Wisconsin
=
1882
http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/hydropower/tech.html
http://study.com/academy/lesson/hydroelectric-energy-definition-uses-advantages-disadvantages.html
http://energy.gov/eere/water/types-hydropower-plants
http://www.energybc.ca/profiles/runofriver.html
https://www.ec.gc.ca/eau-water/default.asp?lang=En&n=9D404A01-1
https://canadahydro.ca/facts/
https://canadahydro.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/2008-hydropower-past-present-future-en.pdf
http://apecsec.org/9-fun-facts-about-hydropower/
Operational Dams
Hoover Dam, United States
In the United States...
3%
Generating Power
but
+ 80,000
Full transcript