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Prounoun Reference and Agreement
Transcript of Prounoun Reference and Agreement
By: Angel Flores
Tanner Hatcher What Is Pronoun Reference and Agreement? Answer:
-Well if the subject of a sentence is singular, then the verb should be singular,
and if a pronoun refers back to that singular subject, it should be in singular form, too.
-An antecedent describes the noun that pronoun represents and substitutes for. How do I use this? When a plural pronoun mistakenly refers to a singular indefinite pronoun, you can make one of three types of changes.
1. Replace the plural pronoun with he or she (or his and her)
2. Make the antecedent plural.
3. Rewrite the sentence so that agreement problem exists.
Examples: -A medical student must study hard if they want to succeed. INCORRECT! :(
-Medical students must study hard if they want to succeed. CORRECT! :)
*The first sentence is incorrect because it uses a plural pronoun to refer to a singular antecedent. Tip: Collective nouns such as jury, committee, audience, and crowd name a class or group. Ordinarily the group functions as a unit, so the noun should be treated as singular. However if the members of the group function as individuals than the noun should be treated as plural.
Example: -As a unit: The planning committee granted its permission to build.
-As Individuals: The committee put their signatures on the document.
Some Rules to Follow: -Treat compound antecedents joined by “and” as plural
Joanne and Michael moved to Montana, where they built a log cabin.
-Treat compound antecedents joined by “or” or “nor” as singular
Either Bob or Tim should recieve first prize for his poem.
-If one of the antecedents is singular and the other is plural than put the plural one last to avoid awkwardness. Also the pronoun should agree with the second antecedent when there are two antecedents.
Neither the mouse nor the cats could find their way through the maze. NOW IT IS TIME TO TEST YOURSELF!!!!!!! TIME TO PLAY A LITTLE GAME WE LIKE TO CALL... GRAMMAR PONG!!!! Pong Rules: 1. The cups shall be placed in a triangular pattern (4-3-2-1) with the point of the triangle facing towards the other teams cups.
2. Whoever is appointed judge is the ultimate authority. only members of the pronoun agreement group may call a judge's call into question.
3. One member from each team will be up at a time, that member must answer the pronoun agreement question correctly and explain their answer to get a shot. Each member has 30 seconds to answer.
4. If that member answers wrong and or cannot explain their answer than the opposing team's player has an oppurtunity to answer, that team member has 30 seconds to answer the question and explain their answer. If that player gets the answer right then he or she can shoot.
5. Shooters cannot lean over the table to shoot. Shooters must stand at their end of the table when shooting. Shooters get one shot at a time, but if the ball bounces and or rolls back towards their side of the table the shooter may grab the ball and perform a behind the back shot.
6. When a player shoots he or she may toss it in the air in order to make the ping pong ball into one of the opposing team's cups or the player may bounce the ball on the table in order to make it into a cup. A bounce shot may be deflected by the opposing team's player at the table, but not a tossed shot. A bounce shot is worth two cups, an air shot is worth only one cup. When a shot is made the cup or cups in question are taken off the table, and the team who takes all their opponents cups off the table first wins the game.
7. If any shot bounces off of one cup and into another than both cups are gone. Any bounce shot that also bounces off a cup and into another cup is worth four cups. A ball must land in a cup for any points to be awarded. There are no fires, redemptions, callbacks, balls back, bounce backs, or other various beer pong laws that you may have played with before.