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Climate and geography of New Jersey Colony:
Transcript of Climate and geography of New Jersey Colony:
Climate and geography of New Jersey Colony:
Rich Rocky Soil
- Mild Climate: Warm Summers and Cold Winters
- Great For Farming
- Many Forrest’s for wooden furniture and other stuff
- Mountainous terrain as well
- Delaware Bay as well as the Atlantic Ocean great for fishing and whaling
- Used to be larger than it is today because New York used to be smaller.
A day in the life
Relationships with the Natives
The Dutch were very friendly with the Iroquois and this turned out to be an advantage, as the Iroquois were among the largest of the Indian population. They established a fur trade with the Iroquois confederacy which benefited both sides. The alliance between the colony and Indians was not often seen elsewhere.
The people in NJ were eating well! Their diet consisted of barley, wheat, potatoes, corn bread, fish, beef, and pork. They led positive lives with little suffering from hunger. Men worked as farmers, cobblers, which really means specializing in shoe making, or fishermen as that is what the colonies location was suited for. Whaling was also a huge business during this time. Stereotypically, woman stayed at home, cooking, cleaning and sewing as most did during this time period.
New York is significant as it plays a role in New Jerseys creation. They used to be one region with the same ruler!
The founder was John Berkely and George Carteret in 1664.
In 1665 Philip Carteret became the first colonial governor.
Philip brought a constitution for the colony, and free assembly consisting of a governor, council and representatives.
The people of the early colony of New Jersey made money by:
Farming potato's and growing tobacco.
Also, through trade with England, they exported agricultural products and natural resources
ex: Cattle, grain, rice, indigo (dye), and wheat.
New York and New Jersey
Did you know that both NY and NJ were settled as one colony under the rule of Berkely? However, the land was too much to handle for one ruler, as everyone had to be governed, civil and protected. The dividing of the land between rulers caused the birth of New Jersey.
C l o t h i n g
Colonial men wore tight knee-length britches and long stockings, with heavy buckled shoes.
Over a white linen shirt, they wore a waistcoat, or vest, and jacket, with a cravat (necktie) around their collar.
No outfit was complete without a hat, which was usually a felted tricorner.
Farmers or other manual laborers would usually wear only britches and shirt.
Women's clothing was more varied in style and much more elaborate. However, all women's gowns had the same basic makeup. There were several different undergarments worn--a shift, or long linen undershirt--corset stays, petticoats and perhaps wire hoops to hold out a full skirt.
The actual gown was often in two pieces--the overskirt and the bodice
Colonial women also wore many accessories, including aprons, kerchiefs, shawls and hats.
Young children, regardless of gender, wore shifts, stays, petticoats and laced-up dresses.
It kept them warm, protected them from bumps and bruises and also slowed children down, making it easier for their caretakers to keep up.
At about age 5, boys began to wear suits similar to their fathers, while girls continued to wear simple dresses until they were old enough to wear adult gowns.
Upper Class: Land Owners and Major business Owners
Middle Class: Minor business owners and Merchants
Lower Class: Farmers, Miners, Factory Workers, servants, and slaves
All men were allowed to vote with the exclusion of servants and slaves.
Men were, of course, dominant over women!
Religion in New Jersey
The New Jersey Colony embraced a variety of religions which made New Jersey diverse. These religions included Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews, etc.
By 1701 the colony had 45 distinct congregations
Many people were unable to afford to go to or belong to churches so they worshipped in their homes or barns.
New Jersey was a middle colony and middle colony schools were largely religious but taught the teachings of one religion. If you were a Catholic, you learned about the Catholic religion. Most schools were private. Students also learned other subjects like Latin and Math so they could get into college. Girls weren't allowed to attend, unless they were Quakers. They also had colleges, the best known of these are Princeton University founded in 1747 and Rutgers founded in in 1766.
People had a variety of ways to get around in Jersey. You could get by on foot, on a horse, a wagon, or a boat. To travel meant that you needed several days if you were going further than 5 or 10 miles from home. To travel by horse to go 30 miles would take about 3 days one way. A horse could only travel about 10 miles a day so to go round trip on a 30 mile trip would take 6 days of travel. That doesn't include any other maintances that was needed to be done.