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Andrea Danysh

on 17 October 2018

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Transcript of Alcohol

Mrs. Danysh
Health Education
Grade 8
What is "Alcohol?"

Ethyl alcohol (Ethanol) is a psychoactive drug found in beer, wine, and hard liquor. It is produced by the fermentation of yeast, sugars and starches (fruits and grains).
What is a "Standard" Drink?
Reasons Why People Drink
So why do people start drinking to begin with? Here are some reasons -- actually, they’re more like excuses -- why a person might get into the habit of drinking too much alcohol.
Excuse: “Drinking helps me deal with my problems.”
Truth: Many people drink too much in order to escape from their lives, forget their troubles, or “drown their sorrows.” And since alcohol makes the brain and memory go fuzzy, some people actually forget what’s troubling them, at least for a night. But when the person wakes up, all the troubles are still there. Alcohol never, ever fixes what is wrong with somebody’s life. In fact, it almost always makes things worse, because alcoholism is just one more problem to add to whatever else is going on.
Excuse: “Drinking helps me have a good time.”
Truth: For people who feel like they’re too stressed out, shy, or nervous to have a good time in a social situation, alcohol can seem like the answer. But there is a big difference between having a drink or two to relax, and drinking so much over the course of several hours that you lose control. Many people who say they drink to “loosen up” or have a good time end up so drunk that they don’t even remember what they did!
Excuse: “Drinking makes me high and happy.”
Truth: Drinking can give you a “buzz” when the alcohol first hits your system, but it does not make you high or happy. In fact, because alcohol is a depressant, it’s likely to make you feel drowsy and down.
Excuse: “Drinking is cool.”
Truth: This is one of the biggest lies about alcohol. The truth is that, while the image of a “drinker” might seem cool to some people, drinking too much can make you do things that are totally uncool…like having slurred speech, being clumsy, saying things you don’t mean, and maybe even throwing up.
Excuse: “I can’t have a drinking problem, because I only drink beer and wine, not hard liquor.”
Truth: Beer, wine, and liquor all contain the exact same drug: alcohol! Drinking 5 beers is exactly the same as drinking 5 glasses of wine, and these are exactly the same as drinking 5 shots of liquor.
Excuse: “I only drink because all my friends drink too.”
Truth: This is a tough one, because everyone feels peer pressure. If you are tempted to drink because your friends expect you to, or you’re trying to show them you’re cool, it’s time to look a little closer at the situation. What would happen if you told them you weren’t interested in drinking? Would they drop you as a friend or not want to hang out with you anymore? And if they did that, were they really true friends in the first place? A real friend will respect your decisions.
In the United States, a "standard" drink is any drink that contains about
0.5 fluid ounces

of "pure" alcohol. That's equivalent to a
12-oz. beer

5% alcohol
, a
5-oz. glass of wine

12% alcohol
, or a
1.5-oz. shot of 80-proof
distilled spirits
40% alcohol
; they all contain
0.5 ounces of alcohol
When the Central Nervous System slows, it causes
in your
motor coordination
reaction time
, as well as your
. Ingesting
high amounts of alcohol can cause your respiratory system to slow down drastically
and could potentially cause a
, or
Red Solo Cup?
The pathway of Alcohol in the body after ingestion- (absorption).
Long-term effects of alcohol on the body
Order of consumption:
small intestine
kidneys and lungs
What is Alcohol?
Alcohol is considered a depressant drug that slows down the central nervous system.
Long-term effects of alcohol on the body
Slurred speech
Upset stomach
Breathing difficulties
Distorted vision and hearing
Impaired judgment
Decreased perception and coordination
Anemia (loss of red blood cells)
Blackouts (memory lapses, where the drinker cannot remember events that occurred while under the influence)
Short-Term Effects of Alcohol on the Body
Binge drinking and continued alcohol use in large amounts are associated with many health problems, including:
Increased family problems, broken relationships
High blood pressure, stroke, and other heart-related diseases
Nerve damage
Sexual problems
Permanent damage to the brain
Gastritis (inflammation of stomach walls)
Cancer of the mouth and throat
Liver disease (Cirrhosis & Hepatitis)
What is Binge Drinking?
Alcohol Oxidation and Metabolism
Once absorbed by the bloodstream, the alcohol leaves the body in three ways:

eliminates 5 percent of alcohol in the urine.
exhale 5 percent of alcohol, which can be detected by breathalyzer devices.
chemically breaks down the remaining alcohol into acetic acid (energy).

As a rule of thumb, an average person can eliminate 0.5 oz of alcohol per hour (equivalent to a "standard" drink). It would take approximately one hour to eliminate the alcohol from a "standard" drink.
What is B.A.C?/ Factors that influence B.A.C
Our BAC (Blood Alcohol Content) is the percentage of your blood volume that is alcohol. The more you drink, the more your BAC increases. As BAC increases, alcohol's effects become less pleasant and more dangerous.
The rate at which a person's BAC rises varies depending on
The number of drinks consumed (The more consumed, the higher the BAC)
How quickly drinks are consumed (Alcohol consumed more quickly raises the BAC higher than when drinks are consumed over a longer period of time).
Your gender (Women generally have less water weight and more body fat per pound than men. Because alcohol doesn't go into fat cells as easily, more alcohol remains in a woman's body.)
Your body weight (More weight = more water; water dilutes alcohol and lowers the BAC)
Food in your stomach (Food slows down alcohol absorption).
Alcohol Tolerance: the more dependent on alcohol, the more one will need to drink to reach intoxication.
Americans take 233 billion trips in cars each year. Of those, about one out of every two thousand trips are taken by those who are driving under the influence of alcohol. Yet, almost one out of every three traffic deaths involve drunk driving.

So a proportionally tiny amount of bad behavior is one of the major causes of death and injury on our roadways.
There are a wide variety of penalties that law enforcement agencies have put in place to punish those who choose to drive under the influence. These penalties vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, but may include some or all of the following:

Restricted license (permitting offenders to drive to and from work or school)
Revoked license, temporarily or permanently (usually occurring after more than one drunk driving infraction)
Jail Time

Penalties for D.U.I
N.J Infractions involving D.U.I
Effects of Alcohol Intoxication

Alcohol is a
that reduces activity in the central nervous system. What can be observed in an intoxicated person?
General Effect:
The eyes may appear somewhat "glossy" and pupils may be slow to respond to stimulus. At high doses pupils may become constricted.
: Skin may be cool to the touch (but the user may feel warm), profuse sweating may accompany alcohol use.
Loose muscle tone, loss of fine motor coordination, odor of alcohol on the breath, and a staggering "drunken" gait.
Vital Signs
: At intoxicating doses, alcohol can decrease heart rate, lower blood pressure and respiration rate, and result in decreased reflex responses and slower reaction times.
Stages of Intoxication:
DWI: a case for murder
Statistics of Teens and Alcohol
Simple Plan (Music video):
"How Could This Happen To Me"
Every 15 Minutes a Teenager Dies Due to Drinking and Driving: P.S.A Roxbury High School

What is a Standard Drink for the
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) defines binge drinking as a pattern of drinking that brings a person's blood alcohol concentration (BAC) to 0.08% or above.

men consume 5 or more drinks
, and when
women consume 4 or more drinks
in about one hour
their blood alcohol concentrations could reach .08% or higher. This BAC could impair a person's ability to drive, and higher concentrations could lead to other problems including social conflicts, injuries or death.
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