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St. Thomas Aquinas
Transcript of St. Thomas Aquinas
Aquinas (History) Principles Aquinas
Identified Divine Positive Law Natural Law Human Positive Law vs. - Born in 1225 - Part of eternal law - laws made for the proper functioning of society and the state - Eternal Law -Natural Law -Divine Positive Law -Human Positive Law -Family was wealthy -Became a Dominican Friar - Received a University Education - Studied Aristotle teachings closely Eternal Law 1. Eternal law is never changed 2. Created by God when he created the universe 3. Can't change as long as universe exists 4. Eternal law can never be fully
understood by humans - January 28 is his feast day - Canonized on July 18, 1323 by pope John the XXII - Revealed in scriptures as divine commandments Old law New law - commands external conduct - commands internal conduct - reaches us with fear - reaches us through love - promised Earthly rewards - promised heavenly rewards - Closely tied with Christianity and religion - People are responsible for one’s self, others, and the general community. - Natural law is relevant in today’s society and in Canadian law - The charter of rights and freedoms is a current example of natural law (Universally determined by Nature) - Moral behavior comes from natural law Steven Schnoor Kenneth Cook - these laws are written and define wrong acts along with the penalties to go with these acts - human law has a moral purpose, but disagreed that humans can develop their greatest potential within the state - Aquinas believed humans were created for a spiritual purpose, so the Roman Catholic Church is the ultimate authority on earth - "Law is nothing else than an ordinance of reason for the common good, promulgated by him who has the care of the community"