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Cultural differences between Mongolia and China

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on 25 May 2015

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Transcript of Cultural differences between Mongolia and China

Cultural differences and similarities between Mongolia and China
"Do Mongolians use Chinese Hanzi?"
"How is Mongolian food?"
The Mongolian cuisine is overall characterized by simplicity. This fact was determined by the low number of the ingredients that are used when preparing Mongolian dishes. Also, the small variety of the ingredients is a consequence of the climatic conditions of the country. Because of the hard and long winters, Mongolians cannot crop many vegetables and their meals are mostly based on meats - beef,mutton, marmot and horsemeat predominate.
Questions

"Do Mongolians use Chinese Hanzi?"
"How is Mongolian food?"
"What do you wear?"
"Daily mannerisms?"
"Festivities?"
"Family and Friendship?"

Like other notable conquerors, Genghis Khan is portrayed differently by those he conquered and those who conquered with him.
Negative views
of Genghis Khan persist in histories written by many cultures from different geographical regions. They often cite the
cruelties
and
destruction
brought upon by Mongol armies, not to mention the systematic slaughter of civilians in the conquered regions; other authors cite
positive aspects
of Genghis Khan's conquests as well. /Source: Wikipedia.com /
Many people were
slaughter
ed in the course of Genghis Khan’s invasions, but he also
granted

religious freedom
to his subjects,
abolished torture
,
encouraged trade
and
created the first international postal system
. Genghis Khan died in 1227 during a military campaign against the Chinese kingdom of Xi Xia. His final resting place remains unknown.
Chinggis Khaan International airport in Ulaanbaatar
Perceptions of Genghis Khan
Mongolian scripts
Mongolian traditional script
The classical Mongolian script was the first writing system created specifically for the Mongolian language in 1204.
Mongolian cyrillic alphabet
The Mongolian Cyrillic alphabet is the writing system used for the standard dialect of the Mongolian language in the modern state of Mongolia. It was introduced in the 1946 in the Mongolian People's Republic under Soviet influence
Mongolian calligraphy
Mongolian calligraphy is a kind of calligraphy of the Mongolian people of Central Asia. Like most other calligraphies in East Asia (e.g. Chinese and Korean calligraphy) it is mostly done with a brush. Mongolian calligraphy is written in the Mongolian traditional script, not Mongolian cyrillic one.
Mongolian traditional clothing - Deel
The deel is still commonly worn by both men and women outside major towns, especially by herders. In urban areas, deels are mostly only worn by elderly people, or on festive occasions.
Family pictures
Traditional celebrations
9. "I heard that Mongolian alcoholic drink is strong"
Airag:
Fermented mare milk. Alcohol % is more than 2%
Mongolian vodka:
Alcohol % is 38%
"King Genghis"
"Horse"
"Camel"
"Ox"
"Goat"
"Sheep"
Buuz
Khuushuur
Boodog
Khorkhog
Noodle soup
Tsuivan
Vegetable soup
FLAG
GOVERNMENT
CAPITAL
MONGOLIA
POPULATION
AREA
ULAANBAATAR
Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
1,564,115.75 km2
(19th)
2,921,287
(2013)
Herders wear Deel everyday
Chinese Hanzi
Chinese characters are logograms used in the writing of Chinese and some other Asian languages.
They have been adapted to write a number of other languages including: Japanese, where they are known as kanji, Korean, where they are known as hanja, and Vietnamese in a system known as chữ Nôm. Chinese characters constitute the oldest continuously used system of writing in the world.

Chinese food
The Chinese use a lot of oil, and evenly fry their food along with various flavors and spices. Their food mainly include duck, chicken, pork nd a lot of vegetables.
Chinese Suit and Cheongsam
During the Han rule, 'Hanfu' dominated the clothing of the Chinese people. This is a round-neck robe. During the Manchu rule it was banned, and the 'Qipao' became the official clothing. A 'Qipao' is one-piece baggy dress with a high neck and tight skirt.


Electric bicycles and motorbikes are very common in China.
Because of the harsh climate Mongolians drive cars
everyday.
Mongolians have a variety of written languages (cyrillic, traditional script), while the dialect spoken is the same, Mongolian
There are multiple dialects that are spoken in China (Mandarin,Cantonese, Wu),whereas,there is only one written language,Chinese
Chinese people predominantly live in populated cities.
Mongolian people in the countryside live in "gers" and pack up homes to move to greener pastures 2-4 times per year.
It's common sight in China to see people talking or laughing loudly,spitting in public places. In China, it seems like every man smokes. Whether it’s in restaurants, in shops or on buses, they all light up.
Mongolians consider it impolite to talk loudly in public places. In Mongolia, there are “no smoking” signs everywhere and the rules are obeyed.
English is more widely spoken in Mongolia. Apart from being in the major cities like Beijing or Shanghai, English wasn’t readily spoken in China.
differences
similarities
Tsagaan Sar is the first day of the year according to the Mongolian lunar calendar, addition of age and safe ending of winter for animals. Tsagaan Sar is a festival of white food (food with white color – milk and diary products, rice, etc.) Tsagaan Sar represents a heartfelt spirit of people. On this day, people clean their body and mind from all bad things and start a new fresh clean life. Tsagaan Sar is the day when people express respect to elder people and relatives, renew friendship and sympathy to each other and reconfirm family ties. Family and relatives gather together.
"Tsagaan Sar"
It is the most important festival for the Chinese and is celebrated roughly a month after (sometime in February) the start of the Gregorian Calendar.
"NEW YEAR"
FESTIVAL
Buddhism is a prominent religion.

Mongolia and China have very family oriented cultures.

Mongolian and Chinese both have patriarchy society.

Mongolian and Chinese are both extremely hospitable and friendly people.

Mongolian and Chinese parents both consider on children's education.

Both languages are extremely hard to pronounce and learn.



If you are planning to travel to Mongolia :)
You can stay in
5 star
hotel
You can stay in
5 billion star
hotel
or
Thank you!

by Badamtsetseg Gelegdorj
Full transcript